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Access monthly 2023 data for the world's largest economies. Explore the trade patterns of provinces cities and states, such as Bavaria in Germany, Beijing in China, or California in the United States. Dig deep into trade data with our Trend Explorer or download any data cut you want with the DataExplorer.
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The Company Explorer allows you to build and download custom queries to analyze Bill of Lading dataset.
The Bill of Lading dataset gathers millions of records for products shipped to and from the United States.
Compiled by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), this wealth of previously unavailable data encompasses critical information such as consignees, shippers, product descriptions, quantities traded, and more, serving as a record of transactions between shipping parties.
Multidimensional Economic Complexity Rankings
Traditional estimates of economic complexity rely on trade data. But these estimates can be biased against geographically isolated economies.
Multidimensional approaches to economic complexity solve this problem by combining data on international trade, patents, and research papers. They combine to provide better estimates of economic complexity that have an improved ability to explain international variations in economic growth, income inequality, and greenhouse gas emissions. You can explore the latest multidimensional economic complexity rankings at the OEC.
This is the traditional economic complexity index. It is based on the geography of trade and captures the sophistication of a country's exports.
Trade ECI estimates a country's ability to produce and export complex products that require a high level of knowledge and skills.
Using patent applications by technology, we can measure the complexity expressed in the geography of patent applications.
Tech ECI showcases a nation's ability to produce complex patentable innovations.
We can estimate the complexity of a country’s scientific output using data on scientific publications by field of research.
Research ECI estimates the sophistication of a country's academic research, and together with trade and tech ECI, helps explain the intensity of emissions.
Build Custom Visualizations
With the Observatory of Economic Complexity, you can build millions of custom visualizations. Explore international trade data from every angle with these powerful visualizations tools.
OEC Team Featured Research
Our research team has more than 15 years of experience working to understand the dynamics of economic geography.
Our experts have pioneered the development of methods and tools that can be used to unpack the evolution of economies with an unprecedented resolution.
Learn about the latest research on economic complexity and relatedness, and explore classic papers and books on the topic.