Overview In 2020 Mexico was the number 15 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 9 in total exports, the number 13 in total imports, the number 80 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 21 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Mexico are Cars ($41.6B), Computers ($31.5B), Vehicle Parts ($27.1B), Delivery Trucks ($23.8B), and Crude Petroleum ($17.8B), exporting mostly to United States ($326B), Canada ($16.1B), China ($8.82B), Germany ($8.21B), and South Korea ($5.86B).

In 2020, Mexico was the world's biggest exporter of Delivery Trucks ($23.8B), Beer ($4.89B), Tropical Fruits ($3.34B), Other Vegetables ($3.12B), and Tomatoes ($2.62B)

Imports The top imports of Mexico are Integrated Circuits ($28.3B), Vehicle Parts ($21.6B), Refined Petroleum ($18.1B), Office Machine Parts ($14.9B), and Telephones ($7.85B), importing mostly from United States ($196B), China ($59.8B), Germany ($13B), South Korea ($10.7B), and Malaysia ($10.2B).

In 2020, Mexico was the world's biggest importer of Corn ($2.91B), Corrugated Paper ($285M), Aluminium Pipes ($230M), Stranded Copper Wire ($142M), and Cyanides ($131M)

Location Mexico borders Belize, Guatemala, and United States by land and Cubaand Honduras by sea.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Mexico.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Top Export (2020): Cars, $41.6B

Top Destination (2020): United States, $326B

In 2020, Mexico exported a total of $427B, making it the number 9 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Mexico have changed by $39.8B from $387B in 2015 to $427B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Cars ($41.6B), Computers ($31.5B), Vehicle Parts ($27.1B), Delivery Trucks ($23.8B), and Crude Petroleum ($17.8B). The most common destination for the exports of Mexico are United States ($326B), Canada ($16.1B), China ($8.82B), Germany ($8.21B), and South Korea ($5.86B).

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Yearly Imports

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Top Import (2020): Integrated Circuits, $28.3B

Top Origin (2020): United States, $196B

In 2020 Mexico imported $368B, making it the number 13 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Mexico changed by $5.81B from $363B in 2015 to $368B in 2020.

The most recent imports of Mexico are led by Integrated Circuits ($28.3B), Vehicle Parts ($21.6B), Refined Petroleum ($18.1B), Office Machine Parts ($14.9B), and Telephones ($7.85B). The most common import partners for Mexico are United States ($196B), China ($59.8B), Germany ($13B), South Korea ($10.7B), and Malaysia ($10.2B).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Mexico Exports Services (2019): $31.7B

Mexico Imports Services (2019): $39.5B

In 2019, Mexico exported $31.7B worth of services. The top services exported by Mexico in 2019 were Personal travel ($23.2B), Insurance services ($3.12B), Transportation ($2.94B), Business travel ($1.37B), and Financial services ($430M).

The top services imported by Mexico in 2019 were Transportation ($14.8B), Personal travel ($7.96B), Insurance services ($6.24B), Financial services ($3.85B), and Other business services ($3.4B).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Mexico are Fructose, chemically pure (75%)and Fructose, syrup > 50% fructose, not pure fructose (75%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Mexico are:
5: AAP.A25TM - 37 Acuerdo N┬║37 Suscrito al Amparo del Art├şculo 25 del TM80 celebrado entre la Rep├║blica de Guatemala y los Estados Unidos Mexicanos
6: AAP.A25TM N° 14 Acuerdo de Alcance Parcial entre los Estados Unidos Mexicanos y la República de Panamá
34: AAP.CE N┬░ 33 Acuerdo de Complementaci├│n Econ├│mica N┬░ 33 Colombia M├ęxico Venezuela
40: AAP.CE N┬░ 41 Tratado de Libre Comercio
47: AAP.CE N┬░ 51 Acuerdo de Complementaci├│n Econ├│mica N┬░ 51 Celebrado entre los Estados Unidos Mexicanos y la Rep├║blica de Cuba
49: AAP.CE N┬░ 53 Acuerdo de Complementaci├│n Econ├│mica N┬░ 53 entre la Rep├║blica Federativa del Brasil y los Estados Unidos Mexicanos
50: AAP.CE N┬░ 55 Acuerdo de Complementaci├│n Econ├│mica N┬░ 55 celebrado entre el MERCOSUR y los Estados Unidos Mexicanos
62: AAP.CE N┬░ 6 Acuerdo de Complementaci├│n Econ├│mica N┬░ 6
63: AAP.CE N┬░ 60 Acuerdo de Complementaci├│n Econ├│mica N┬░ 60 Suscrito entre la Rep├║blica Oriental del Uruguay y los Estados Unidos Mexicanos
66: AAP.CE N┬░ 66 Acuerdo de Complementaci├│n Econ├│mica No. 66 Celebrado entre los Estados Unidos Mexicanos y el Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia
69: AAP.CE N┬║ 67 Acuerdo de integraci├│n Comercial entre los Estados Unidos Mexicanos y la Rep├║blica del Per├║
72: AAP.R N┬░ 29 Acuerdo de Alcance Parcial de Renegociaci├│n N┬░ 29 Celebrado entre la Rep├║blica del Ecuador y los Estados Unidos Mexicanos
73: AAP.R N┬░ 38 Acuerdo de Alcance Parcial de Renegociaci├│n N┬░ 38 Celebrado entre la Rep├║blica de M├ęxico y la Rep├║blica del Paraguay
79: AR.AM N┬░ 01 - Acuerdo Regional de Apertura de Mercados en Favor de Bolivia
80: AR.AM N┬░ 02 - Acuerdo Regional de Apertura de Mercados en favor de Ecuador
81: AR.AM N┬░ 03 - Acuerdo Regional de Apertura de Mercados en Favor de Paraguay
82: AR.CEYC N┬░ 7 Acuerdo de Cooperaci├│n e Intercambio en las ├üreas Cultural, Educacional y Cient├şfica (Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador, M├ęxico, Panam├í, Paraguay, Per├║, Uruguay)
83: AR.PAR N┬░ 04 - Preferencia Arancelaria Regional (Argentina Bolivia Brasil Chile Colombia Cuba Ecuador M├ęxico Panam├í Paraguay Per├║ Uruguay Venezuela)
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
142: North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
182: Preferential tariff for Chile
189: Preferential tariff for Colombia
192: Preferential tariff for Costa Rica
207: Preferential tariff for El Salvador
219: Preferential tariff for European Union countries (AA) Association Agreement
233: Preferential tariff for Honduras
238: Preferential tariff for Iceland
244: Preferential tariff for Israel
246: Preferential tariff for Japan
279: Preferential tariff for Nicaragua
281: Preferential tariff for Norway
289: Preferential tariff for Peru
306: Preferential tariff for Switzerland

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Mexico has a high level of specialization in Beer (12.4), Lead Ore (10.7), Tomatoes (10.5), Tropical Fruits (8.76), and Cucumbers (8.69). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Mexico observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Mexico according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Air, vacuum pumps, compressors, ventilating fans, etc (1.5), Taps, cocks, valves for pipes, tanks, boilers, etc (1.41), Hand tools incorporating electric motors (1.37), Electrical machinery and apparatus, nes (1.35), and Machinery nes, to clean, iron, impregnate textiles (1.31). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Mexico according to the relatedness index, are Scrap Iron (0.2), Cement (0.2), Raw Iron Bars (0.2), Bananas (0.2), and Rolled Tobacco (0.2). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Mexico is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Mexico. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Mexico exports. Higher relatedness values ÔÇőÔÇőindicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 20 years Mexico'sÔüę ÔüĘeconomy has become relatively more complex, moving from the ÔüęÔüĘ33rd to the 21stÔüę position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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