Overview In 2020, Denmark was the number 35 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 35 in total exports, the number 35 in total imports, the number 10 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 27 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Denmark are Packaged Medicaments ($14.5B), Pig Meat ($3.21B), Electric Generating Sets ($2.4B), Vaccines, blood, antisera, toxins and cultures ($1.73B), and Cheese ($1.71B), exporting mostly to Germany ($13.7B), United States ($11.3B), Sweden ($9.45B), Netherlands ($6.21B), and United Kingdom ($5.83B).

In 2020, Denmark was the world's biggest exporter of Enzymes ($1.44B), Pigs ($1.23B), and Raw Furskins ($326M)

Imports The top imports of Denmark are Cars ($5.24B), Packaged Medicaments ($3.74B), Broadcasting Equipment ($2.33B), Computers ($2.25B), and Refined Petroleum ($2.14B), importing mostly from Germany ($20.8B), Sweden ($11.6B), Netherlands ($7.95B), China ($7.52B), and Poland ($4.49B).

In 2020, Denmark was the world's biggest importer of Raw Furskins ($209M)

Location Denmark borders Germany by land and Norway, Poland, Sweden, and United Kingdom by sea.

Flow
View
Y-AXIS SCALE

The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Denmark.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Flow
Value
Depth

The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Latest Data (dev)

#permalink to section
Flow
Value
Depth

The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

#permalink to section
Flow
Value
Depth

Top Export (2020): Packaged Medicaments, $14.5B

Top Destination (2020): Germany, $20.8B

In 2020, Denmark exported a total of $102B, making it the number 35 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Denmark have changed by $11.5B from $90.2B in 2015 to $102B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Packaged Medicaments ($14.5B), Pig Meat ($3.21B), Electric Generating Sets ($2.4B), Vaccines, blood, antisera, toxins and cultures ($1.73B), and Cheese ($1.71B). The most common destination for the exports of Denmark are Germany ($13.7B), United States ($11.3B), Sweden ($9.45B), Netherlands ($6.21B), and United Kingdom ($5.83B).

Explore Visualizations

Flow
View

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Denmark Exports Services (2020): $69B

Denmark Imports Services (2020): $59.5B

In 2020, Denmark exported $69B worth of services. The top services exported by Denmark in 2020 were Sea transport ($36.3B), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($8.52B), Other transport ($4.74B), Other royalties and license fees ($3.94B), and Construction abroad ($3.68B).

The top services imported by Denmark in 2020 were Sea transport ($25.7B), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($11B), Other transport ($5.08B), Personal travel ($4.02B), and Air transport ($1.94B).

Economic Complexity

#permalink to section

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

#permalink to section

Denmark has a high level of specialization in Raw Furskins (48.8), Pigs (44.4), Enzymes (38.5), Electric Generating Sets (17.4), and Plant foliage (16.7). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Denmark observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

#permalink to section

The highest complexity exports of Denmark according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Metalworking Machines (2.09), Machinery Having Individual Functions (1.95), Chemical Analysis Instruments (1.75), Metal Finishing Machines (1.63), and Metal Pickling Preparations (1.61). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

#permalink to section

The top export opportunities for Denmark according to the relatedness index, are Hard Liquor (0.39), Ice Cream (0.39), Recreational Boats (0.39), Rough Wood (0.38), and Perfumes (0.38). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Denmark is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

#permalink to section

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Denmark. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Denmark exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

#permalink to section
Filter
Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

#permalink to section
Scale

During the last 20 years Denmark's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨13th to the 27th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

Explore Rankings