Flag Malaysia

2019
Economic
Complexity
: 1.14, Rank 25 of 157

2019
Product
Exports | Imports
: $273B | $207B, 21 of 225 |  25 of 225

2019
Per Capita Product
Exports | Imports
: $8.54k | $6.47k, 63 of 219 |  73 of 219

2018
Service
Exports | Imports
: $36.8B | $44B, 15 of 88 | 15 of 88

Overview: In 2019 Malaysia was the number 35 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 21 in total exports, the number 25 in total imports, the number 66 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 25 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI)

Exports: The top exports of Malaysia are Integrated Circuits ($63B), Refined Petroleum ($17.8B), Petroleum Gas ($11.5B), Semiconductor Devices ($9.65B), and Palm Oil ($8.91B), exporting mostly to Singapore ($36.2B), China ($36.2B), United States ($30.7B), Hong Kong ($17.2B), and Japan ($16.3B).

In 2019, Malaysia was the world's biggest exporter of Rubber Apparel ($4.37B), Other Vegetable Oils ($1B), Copper Powder ($873M), Asphalt Mixtures ($417M), and Platinum Clad Metals ($127M)

Imports: The top imports of Malaysia are Integrated Circuits ($27.4B), Refined Petroleum ($18.1B), Crude Petroleum ($6.97B), Broadcasting Equipment ($3.88B), and Coal Briquettes ($3.24B), importing mostly from China ($49.4B), Singapore ($28.2B), Japan ($13B), United States ($12.8B), and Chinese Taipei ($10.3B).

In 2019, Malaysia was the world's biggest importer of Tin Ores ($365M), Scrap Plastic ($235M), Tin Bars ($63.9M)

Location: Malaysia borders Brunei, Indonesia, and Thailand by land and Philippines, Singapore, and Vietnam by sea.

Latest Trends (September, 2020)

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Overview: In September 2020 Malaysia exported MYR88.9B and imported MYR67B, resulting in a positive trade balance of MYR22B. Between September 2019 and September 2020 the exports of Malaysia have increased by MYR11.2B (14.4%) from MYR77.7B to MYR88.9B, while imports decreased by MYR-2.41B (-3.48%) from MYR69.4B to MYR67B.

Trade: In September 2020, the top exports of Malaysia were Integrated Circuits (MYR21.3B), Palm Oil (MYR3.8B), Rubber Apparel (MYR3.78B), Refined Petroleum (MYR3.08B), and Semiconductor Devices (MYR2.74B). In September 2020 the top imports of Malaysia were Integrated Circuits (MYR11.8B), Refined Petroleum (MYR3.74B), Telephones (MYR1.54B), Semiconductor Devices (MYR1.24B), and Gold (MYR1.06B).

Destinations: In September 2020, Malaysia exported mostly to China (MYR15.6B), Singapore (MYR12.2B), United States (MYR10.3B), Hong Kong (MYR6.71B), and Japan (MYR4.76B), and imported mostly from China (MYR15.3B), Singapore (MYR6.51B), United States (MYR5.42B), Japan (MYR5.4B), and Chinese Taipei (MYR5.14B).

Growth: In September 2020, the increase in Malaysia's year-by-year exports was explained primarily by an increase in exports to China (MYR4.71B or 43.4%), United States (MYR2.1B or 25.5%), and Hong Kong (MYR1.64B or 32.4%), and product exports increase in Integrated Circuits (MYR7.47B or 54.1%), Rubber Apparel (MYR2.32B or 159%), and Palm Oil (MYR1.04B or 37.7%). In September 2020, the decrease in Malaysia's year-by-year imports was explained primarily by an decrease in imports from Singapore (MYR-1.19B or -15.5%), South Korea (MYR-759M or -20.9%), and Thailand (MYR-413M or -11.7%), and product imports decrease in Refined Petroleum (MYR-2.48B or -39.8%), Crude Petroleum (MYR-1.42B or -63.2%), and Gas Turbines (MYR-396M or -72.3%).

Flow
Value
Depth

EXPORT GROWTH (September 2019 - September 2020): MYR11.2B, (14.4%)

IMPORT GROWTH (September 2019 - September 2020): MYR-2.41B, (-3.48%)

MAIN DESTINATION (September 2020): China, MYR15.6B

This section shows exports and imports data at subnational level for Malaysia. Click any date in the line plot, or any product, destination or origin country to explore the exports or imports behavior of Malaysia over time.

Comparison in Time

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Flow
Value

This section shows the differences between Malaysia's total subnational aggregate trade throughout time.

Yearly Exports

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Value
Depth

Top Export (2019): Integrated Circuits, $63B

Top Destination (2019): Singapore, $36.2B

In 2019, Malaysia exported a total of $273B, making it the number 21 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Malaysia have changed by $15.7B from $257B in 2014 to $273B in 2019.

The most recent exports are led by Integrated Circuits ($63B), Refined Petroleum ($17.8B), Petroleum Gas ($11.5B), Semiconductor Devices ($9.65B), and Palm Oil ($8.91B). The most common destination for the exports of Malaysia are Singapore ($36.2B), China ($36.2B), United States ($30.7B), Hong Kong ($17.2B), and Japan ($16.3B).

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Yearly Imports

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Value
Depth

Top Import (2019): Integrated Circuits, $27.4B

Top Origin (2019): China, $49.4B

In 2019 Malaysia imported $207B, making it the number 25 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Malaysia changed by -$5.11B from $212B in 2014 to $207B in 2019.

The most recent imports of Malaysia are led by Integrated Circuits ($27.4B), Refined Petroleum ($18.1B), Crude Petroleum ($6.97B), Broadcasting Equipment ($3.88B), and Coal Briquettes ($3.24B). The most common import partners for Malaysia are China ($49.4B), Singapore ($28.2B), Japan ($13B), United States ($12.8B), and Chinese Taipei ($10.3B).

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Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2018 - 2019)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2018 - 2019)

Malaysia Exports Services (2018): $36.8B

Malaysia Imports Services (2018): $44B

In 2018, Malaysia exported $36.8B worth of services. The top services exported by Malaysia in 2018 were Personal travel ($17.3B), Other business services ($6.64B), Transportation ($5.07B), Computer and information services ($2.82B), and Business travel ($2.28B).

The top services imported by Malaysia in 2018 were Transportation ($11.9B), Personal travel ($10B), Other business services ($7.56B), Computer and information services ($3.25B), and Construction services ($2.91B).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Malaysia are Tobacco refuse (1.33k%) and Undenatured ethyl alcohol > 80% by volume (898%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

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*The tariffs applied to imports for Malaysia are:
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

During the last 20 years Malaysia's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively mÑs complex, moving from the ⁩⁨51st to the 25th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Malaysia has a high level of specialization in Copper Powder (39), Rubber Apparel (33.9), Palm Oil (20.2), Other Vegetable Oils (19.6), and Asphalt Mixtures (17.8). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Malaysia observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Malaysia according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Chemical element/compound wafers doped for electronics (2.18), Machines nes having individual functions (2.05), Photograph film, rolls, unexposed, not paper (1.96), Measuring or checking instruments nes (1.93), and Cast, drawn or float glass sheet, edge worked or bent (1.78). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Malaysia according to the relatedness index, are Pearls (0.25), Microscopes (0.24), Nickel Mattes (0.24), Tapioca (0.24), and Mirrors and Lenses (0.24). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Malaysia is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Diversification Frontier

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Filter
Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.