Overview In 2021, Bolivia was the number 92 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 90 in total exports, the number 118 in total imports, the number 146 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 106 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) .

Exports The top exports of Bolivia are Gold ($2.55B), Petroleum Gas ($2.33B), Zinc Ore ($1.29B), Precious Metal Ore ($897M), and Soybean Meal ($720M), exporting mostly to India ($1.86B), Brazil ($1.45B), Argentina ($1.04B), Japan ($912M), and Colombia ($716M).

Imports The top imports of Bolivia are Refined Petroleum ($760M), Cars ($349M), Raw Iron Bars ($253M), Pesticides ($206M), and Delivery Trucks ($199M), importing mostly from Brazil ($1.56B), China ($1.53B), Chile ($886M), Peru ($701M), and United States ($529M).

Location Bolivia borders Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Peru by land.

Latest Trends

December, 2021

Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Top Export (2021)Gold$2.55B
Top Destination (2021)India$1.86B

In 2021, Bolivia exported a total of $11.3B, making it the number 90 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Bolivia have changed by $3.78B from $7.55B in 2016 to $11.3B in 2021.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($2.55B), Petroleum Gas ($2.33B), Zinc Ore ($1.29B), Precious Metal Ore ($897M), and Soybean Meal ($720M). The most common destination for the exports of Bolivia are India ($1.86B), Brazil ($1.45B), Argentina ($1.04B), Japan ($912M), and Colombia ($716M).

Explore Visualizations

Exports (2021)
[Click to Select a Product]

Destinations (2021)
[Click to Select a Country]

Market Growth

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2020 - 2021)
India$1.14B (+ 158%)
Japan$386M (+ 73.3%)
Colombia$335M (+ 87.7%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2020 - 2021)
Brazil$456M (+ 41.4%)
China$291M (+ 23.6%)
Peru$166M (+ 31%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2020 - 2021)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Bolivia Exports Services (2019)$1.43B
Bolivia Imports Services (2019)$2.55B

In 2019, Bolivia exported $1.43B worth of services. The top services exported by Bolivia in 2019 were Personal travel ($597M), Transportation ($455M), Business travel ($199M), Computer and information services ($69.8M), and Other business services ($62.3M).

The top services imported by Bolivia in 2019 were Transportation ($751M), Personal travel ($643M), Other business services ($390M), Business travel ($286M), and Insurance services ($159M).

Service Exports (2019)

Service Imports (2019)

Economic Complexity


Economic Complexity (Trade)-0.97Rank 106 of 131
Economic Complexity (Research)-0.44Rank 90 of 140

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Bolivia has a high level of specialization in Zinc Ore (194), Raw Tin (151), Precious Metal Ore (136), Buckwheat (95.5), and Tin Ores (93.3). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Bolivia observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

The highest complexity exports of Bolivia according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Generators for producer or water gas with or without their purifiers acetylene... (0.34), Friction material and articles thereof (e.g. sheets, rolls, strips, segments, discs, washers,... (0.25), Leather or composition leather articles n.e.c. in chapter 42 (-0.11), Nickel; waste and scrap (-0.18), and Hydrazine and hydroxylamine and their inorganic salts; other inorganic bases; other metal... (-0.31). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Bolivia according to the relatedness index, were Manganese Ore (0.13), Mate (0.12), Crude Petroleum (0.11), Cocoa Beans (0.11), and Raw Cotton (0.11). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Bolivia is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Bolivia. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Bolivia exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier


The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking


During the last 20 years Bolivia's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨63rd to the 106th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

Explore Rankings

ECI (Trade) Ranking by Country

Have questions, comments, or concerns?
Send us an e-mail: [email protected]
Follow @OECtoday on
Created, Designed, and Developed by:
In collaboration with