Overview: In 2019 United States was the number 1 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 2 in total exports, the number 1 in total imports, the number 8 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 10 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports: The top exports of United States are Refined Petroleum ($84.9B), Crude Petroleum ($61.9B), Cars ($56.9B), Integrated Circuits ($41.4B), and Vehicle Parts ($41.2B), exporting mostly to Canada ($252B), Mexico ($235B), China ($103B), Japan ($70.1B), and Germany ($59.8B).

In 2019, United States was the world's biggest exporter of Refined Petroleum ($84.9B), Medical Instruments ($29.5B), Gas Turbines ($28.1B), Aircraft Parts ($16.3B), and Orthopedic Appliances ($12.1B)

Imports: The top imports of United States are Cars ($178B), Crude Petroleum ($123B), Computers ($81.9B), Broadcasting Equipment ($81.8B), and Packaged Medicaments ($79.5B), importing mostly from China ($429B), Mexico ($361B), Canada ($314B), Japan ($134B), and Germany ($131B).

In 2019, United States was the world's biggest importer of Cars ($178B), Computers ($81.9B), Broadcasting Equipment ($81.8B), Packaged Medicaments ($79.5B), and Vehicle Parts ($71.6B)

Location: United States borders Canada and Mexico by land and Bahamas by sea.

Latest Trends (May, 2021)

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Overview: In May 2021 United States exported $145B and imported $231B, resulting in a negative trade balance of $86.1B. Between May 2020 and May 2021 the exports of United States have increased by $54.1B (59.6%) from $90.7B to $145B, while imports increased by $66.9B (40.8%) from $164B to $231B.

Trade: In May 2021, the top exports of United States were Refined Petroleum ($6.93B), Aircraft Parts ($6.29B), Crude Petroleum ($5.16B), Cars ($5.06B), and Petroleum Gas ($4.65B). In May 2021 the top imports of United States were Cars ($12.1B), Crude Petroleum ($10.5B), Computers ($8.93B), Commodities not elsewhere specified ($8.88B), and Telephones ($7.75B).

Origins: In May 2021 the exports of United States were mainly from Texas ($30.1B), California ($15B), New York ($6.8B), Louisiana ($6.16B), and Illinois ($5.78B), while imports destinations were mainly California ($39B), Texas ($24.4B), Illinois ($15.7B), New Jersey ($13.8B), and New York ($11.7B).

Destinations: In May 2021, United States exported mostly to Canada ($25.4B), Mexico ($22.8B), China ($12.4B), Japan ($6.44B), and South Korea ($5.58B), and imported mostly from China ($38.7B), Mexico ($31.4B), Canada ($29.1B), Japan ($11.5B), and Germany ($11.2B).

Growth: In May 2021, the increase in United States's year-by-year exports was explained primarily by an increase in exports to Mexico ($12.4B or 118%), Canada ($10.6B or 71.2%), and China ($2.77B or 28.7%), and product exports increase in Refined Petroleum ($4.61B or 199%), Cars ($3.96B or 362%), and Crude Petroleum ($2.66B or 106%). In May 2021, the increase in United States's year-by-year imports was explained primarily by an increase in imports from Mexico ($16.4B or 110%), Canada ($13.2B or 83.3%), and Japan ($4.1B or 55.5%), and product imports increase in Cars ($8.49B or 234%), Crude Petroleum ($6.52B or 166%), and Refined Petroleum ($4.17B or 228%).

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Value
Depth

Top Export (2019): Refined Petroleum, $84.9B

Top Destination (2019): Canada, $252B

In 2019, United States exported a total of $1.51T, making it the number 2 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of United States have changed by -$10B from $1.52T in 2014 to $1.51T in 2019.

The most recent exports are led by Refined Petroleum ($84.9B), Crude Petroleum ($61.9B), Cars ($56.9B), Integrated Circuits ($41.4B), and Vehicle Parts ($41.2B). The most common destination for the exports of United States are Canada ($252B), Mexico ($235B), China ($103B), Japan ($70.1B), and Germany ($59.8B).

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Yearly Imports

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Value
Depth

Top Import (2019): Cars, $178B

Top Origin (2019): China, $429B

In 2019 United States imported $2.38T, making it the number 1 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of United States changed by $134B from $2.25T in 2014 to $2.38T in 2019.

The most recent imports of United States are led by Cars ($178B), Crude Petroleum ($123B), Computers ($81.9B), Broadcasting Equipment ($81.8B), and Packaged Medicaments ($79.5B). The most common import partners for United States are China ($429B), Mexico ($361B), Canada ($314B), Japan ($134B), and Germany ($131B).

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Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2018 - 2019)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2018 - 2019)

United States Exports Services (2017): $571B

United States Imports Services (2017): $422B

In 2017, United States exported $571B worth of services. The top services exported by United States in 2017 were Business travel ($156B), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($112B), Air transport ($65.2B), Other royalties and license fees ($59.7B), and Franchises and similar rights ($47B).

The top services imported by United States in 2017 were Business travel ($123B), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($69B), Air transport ($60.8B), Reinsurance ($45.1B), and Sea transport ($37.1B).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for United States are Homogenized or reconstituted tobacco (350%) and Homogenized or reconstituted tobacco (350%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for United States are:
75: AGOA preference on certain textiles and apparel for eligible countries
85: Australia - United States Free Trade Agreement (2004)
107: Canada United States Free Trade Agreement
110: CBERA Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act
111: Chile - United States Free Trade Agreement (2004)
129: Israel - United States Free Trade Agreement (incl. Palestinian Authority; 1985)
132: Jordan - United States Free Trade Agreement (2001)
135: Morocco - United States Free Trade Agreement (2006)
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
139: Non-MFN duty rate for countries excluded from Most-Favoured- Nation (MFN) treatement
142: North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
146: Oman - United States Free Trade Agreement (2006)
147: Peru - United States Trade Promotion Agreement (2007)
189: Preferential tariff for Colombia
249: Preferential tariff for Korea, Republic of
276: Preferential tariff for Nepal
286: Preferential tariff for Panama (FTA) Free Trade Agreement
346: Preferential treatment under the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA)
352: Singapore - United States Free Trade Agreement (2004)
385: United States - Caribbean Basin Trade Partnership Act (CBTPA)
386: United States - Dominican Republic - Central America Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA; incl. Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and the Dominican Republic; 2005)
388: United States Generalized System of Preference
389: United States GSP for Least Developed Countries
390: United States-Bahrain Free Trade Agreement (2006)

Economic Complexity

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Comparison Map

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Value

This section shows exports, imports and economic complexity data at subnational level for United States. Click any of the State in the geomap to visit the specific subnational profile.

The top territories of United States according to its Economic Complexity Index are New Hampshire (0.64), Connecticut (0.6), and Massachusetts (0.57).

In 2020, the principal exporters of United States were Texas ($279B), California ($156B), and New York ($61.8B).

The same year,  the principal importers  of United States were California ($396B), Texas ($248B), and Illinois ($156B).

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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United States has a high level of specialization in Sorghum (7.81), Military Weapons (6.84), Starch Residue (6.63), Forage Crops (6.06), and Oil Seed Flower (5.3). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between United States observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of United States according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Photo plate, film, exposed or developed, except cine (2.76), Equipment for photographic laboratories nes (2.25), Chemical element/compound wafers doped for electronics (2.18), Chemical preparations for photographic use (2.12), and Machines nes having individual functions (2.05). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for United States according to the relatedness index, are Newsprint (0.45), Nickel Powder (0.43), Tool Plates (0.43), Wheat Gluten (0.43), and Malt (0.42). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that United States is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of United States. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that United States exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

During the last 20 years United States's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨5th to the 10th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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