Ginger, saffron, tumeric (curcuma), thyme, bay leaves, curry and other spices

0910 (Harmonized System 1992 for 4-digit)

About

Overview This page contains the latest trade data of Spices. In 2021, Spices were the world's 618th most traded product, with a total trade of $3.6B. Between 2020 and 2021 the exports of Spices decreased by -1.67%, from $3.66B to $3.6B. Trade in Spices represent 0.017% of total world trade.

Spices are a part of Coffee, tea, mate & spices. They include Ginger, Assorted Spices, Mixtures of spices, Saffron, Turmeric (curcuma), Thyme and bay leaves, and Curry.

Exports In 2021 the top exporters of Spices  were China ($783M), India ($583M), Netherlands ($251M), Germany ($158M), and Turkey ($135M).

Imports In 2021 the top importers of Spices were United States ($419M), Germany ($237M), Netherlands ($235M), United Kingdom ($152M), and Saudi Arabia ($147M).

Ranking Spices ranks 962nd in the Product Complexity Index (PCI).

Latest Data

View
Flow
Y-AXIS SCALE

The following visualization shows the latest trends on Spices. Countries are shown based on data availability.

For a full breakdown of trade patterns, visit the trend explorer or the product in country profile.

* Using January 2020 exchange rates when trade data is reported in local currency.

Explore Latest Trends

Subscribe today to OEC pro and access the latest data

Sign Up

Historical Data

Exporters and Importers

Top Origin (2021)China$783M
Top Destination (2021)United States$419M

In 2021 Spices were the world's 618th most traded product (out of 1,217).

In 2021, the top exporters of Spices were China ($783M), India ($583M), Netherlands ($251M), Germany ($158M), and Turkey ($135M).

In 2021, the top importers of Spices were United States ($419M), Germany ($237M), Netherlands ($235M), United Kingdom ($152M), and Saudi Arabia ($147M).

Explore Visualizations

Exporters of Spices (2021)
[Click to Select a Country]

Importers of Spices (2021)
[Click to Select a Country]

Market Dynamics

Color
Top Origin Growth (2020 -  2021)India$52.6M
Top Destination Growth (2020 -  2021)Germany$36.7M

Between 2020 and 2021, the exports of Spices grew the fastest in India ($52.6M), Nigeria ($21.1M), Germany ($14.1M), Belgium ($8.87M), and Netherlands ($8.32M).

Between 2020 and 2021, the fastest growing importers of Spices were Germany ($36.7M), China ($28.2M), Japan ($15.4M), Thailand ($15M), and Morocco ($14.1M).

Explore Visualizations

Exporters of Spices (2020 - 2021)

Importers of Spices (2020 - 2021)

Market Concentration

Value

This chart shows the evolution of the market concentration of exports of Spices.

In 2021, market concentration measured using Shannon Entropy, was 4.64. This means that most of the exports of Spices are explained by 24 countries.

Explore Visualizations

Value of Exports in Spices

Net Trade

TOP NET EXPORTER (2021)China$690M
TOP NET IMPORTER (2021)United States$356M

This map shows which countries export or import more of Spices. Each country is colored based on the difference in exports and imports of Spices during 2021.

In 2021, the countries that had a largest trade value in exports than in imports of Spices were China ($690M), India ($502M), Turkey ($112M), Peru ($93.9M), and Iran ($91.8M).

In 2021, the countries that had a largest trade value in imports than in exports of Spices were United States ($356M), Saudi Arabia ($142M), Japan ($122M), United Kingdom ($117M), and Canada ($91.9M).

Net Trade (2021)

Disaggregation

Value

In 2021, the world most traded Spices, disaggragated by their HS6 level were Ginger ($1.39B), Assorted Spices ($957M), Mixtures of spices ($643M), Turmeric (curcuma) ($358M), and Saffron ($247M)

HS6 Disaggregation for Spices (2021)
[Click to Select]

Country Comparison

Flow
Measure
Ranking

This visualization shows the countries that have an important ratio of their trade related to Spices.
It is possible to select the main countries that export or import Spices in the world, or by continent, as well as select the measure of interest.

Top 10 Exporters Countries of Spices by percentage of total exports

Product Complexity

Diversification Frontier

Specialization

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a product's potential export opportunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth potential, lower income inequality, and lower emissions.

Relatedness vs Country Complexity (2021)

Country by Relatedness

The following visualization shows the relatedness of Spices to countries. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Relative Relatedness by Country (2021)

Have questions, comments, or concerns?
Send us an e-mail: [email protected]
Follow @OECtoday on
Created, Designed, and Developed by:
In collaboration with