Petroleum oils and oils from bituminous minerals, not crude; preparations n.e.c, containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or oils from bituminous minerals; these being the basic constituents of the preparations; waste oils

2710 (Harmonized System 1992 for 4-digit)

About

Overview This page contains the latest trade data of Refined Petroleum. In 2021, Refined Petroleum were the world's 3rd most traded product, with a total trade of $746B. Between 2020 and 2021 the exports of Refined Petroleum grew by 64.6%, from $454B to $746B. Trade in Refined Petroleum represent 3.55% of total world trade.

Refined Petroleum are a part of Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation. They include Oils petroleum, bituminous, distillates, except crude.

Exports In 2021 the top exporters of Refined Petroleum  were United States ($83.3B), Russia ($81.8B), India ($49B), Netherlands ($45B), and United Arab Emirates ($42.5B).

Imports In 2021 the top importers of Refined Petroleum were United States ($62.8B), Singapore ($50B), Netherlands ($40B), Mexico ($27.3B), and South Korea ($24.3B).

Tariffs In 2018 the average tariff for Refined Petroleum was 7.54%, making it the 577th lowest tariff using the HS4 product classification.

Ranking Refined Petroleum ranks 831st in the Product Complexity Index (PCI).

Description Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals are used in the production of lubricants, fuels, and other oil-based products. These oils are also used in the production of asphalt, plastics, and other materials.

Latest Data

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The following visualization shows the latest trends on Refined Petroleum. Countries are shown based on data availability.

For a full breakdown of trade patterns, visit the trend explorer or the product in country profile.

* Using January 2020 exchange rates when trade data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Exporters and Importers

Top Origin (2021)United States$83.3B
Top Destination (2021)United States$62.8B

In 2021 Refined Petroleum were the world's 3rd most traded product (out of 1,217).

In 2021, the top exporters of Refined Petroleum were United States ($83.3B), Russia ($81.8B), India ($49B), Netherlands ($45B), and United Arab Emirates ($42.5B).

In 2021, the top importers of Refined Petroleum were United States ($62.8B), Singapore ($50B), Netherlands ($40B), Mexico ($27.3B), and South Korea ($24.3B).

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Exporters of Refined Petroleum (2021)
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Importers of Refined Petroleum (2021)
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Market Dynamics

Color
Top Origin Growth (2020 -  2021)Russia$33.5B
Top Destination Growth (2020 -  2021)United States$31.9B

Between 2020 and 2021, the exports of Refined Petroleum grew the fastest in Russia ($33.5B), United States ($25.8B), Saudi Arabia ($24.8B), India ($23.7B), and United Arab Emirates ($20.5B).

Between 2020 and 2021, the fastest growing importers of Refined Petroleum were United States ($31.9B), Singapore ($19.7B), Netherlands ($14.6B), South Korea ($11.8B), and Belgium ($9.97B).

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Exporters of Refined Petroleum (2020 - 2021)

Importers of Refined Petroleum (2020 - 2021)

Market Concentration

Cumulative market share

Value

This chart shows the evolution of the market concentration of exports of Refined Petroleum.

In 2021, market concentration measured using Shannon Entropy, was 4.97. This means that most of the exports of Refined Petroleum are explained by 31 countries.

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Value of Exports in Refined Petroleum

Net Trade

TOP NET EXPORTER (2021)Russia$80.2B
TOP NET IMPORTER (2021)Mexico$23.8B

This map shows which countries export or import more of Refined Petroleum. Each country is colored based on the difference in exports and imports of Refined Petroleum during 2021.

In 2021, the countries that had a largest trade value in exports than in imports of Refined Petroleum were Russia ($80.2B), India ($38.3B), Saudi Arabia ($28.5B), United Arab Emirates ($25.8B), and United States ($20.5B).

In 2021, the countries that had a largest trade value in imports than in exports of Refined Petroleum were Mexico ($23.8B), Australia ($18.8B), France ($16.7B), Indonesia ($12.6B), and Japan ($10.9B).

Net Trade (2021)

Country Comparison

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Ranking

This visualization shows the countries that have an important ratio of their trade related to Refined Petroleum.
It is possible to select the main countries that export or import Refined Petroleum in the world, or by continent, as well as select the measure of interest.

Top 10 Exporters Countries of Refined Petroleum by percentage of total exports

Product Complexity

Diversification Frontier

Specialization

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a product's potential export opportunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth potential, lower income inequality, and lower emissions.

Relatedness vs Country Complexity (2021)

Country by Relatedness

The following visualization shows the relatedness of Refined Petroleum to countries. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Relative Relatedness by Country (2021)

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