Pepper of the genus piper; dried or crushed or ground fruits of the genus capsicum or of the genus pimenta

0904 (Harmonized System 1992 for 4-digit)

About

Overview This page contains the latest trade data of Pepper. In 2021, Pepper were the world's 536th most traded product, with a total trade of $5.08B. Between 2020 and 2021 the exports of Pepper grew by 22.6%, from $4.14B to $5.08B. Trade in Pepper represent 0.024% of total world trade.

Pepper are a part of Coffee, tea, mate & spices. They include Pepper of the genus Piper, whole, Capsicum or Pimenta, dried, crushed or ground, and Pepper of the genus Piper, crushed or ground.

Exports In 2021 the top exporters of Pepper  were India ($1.33B), Vietnam ($973M), China ($658M), Brazil ($321M), and Spain ($264M).

Imports In 2021 the top importers of Pepper were United States ($818M), China ($627M), Germany ($262M), Thailand ($221M), and India ($214M).

Ranking Pepper ranks 990th in the Product Complexity Index (PCI).

Latest Data

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The following visualization shows the latest trends on Pepper. Countries are shown based on data availability.

For a full breakdown of trade patterns, visit the trend explorer or the product in country profile.

* Using January 2020 exchange rates when trade data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Exporters and Importers

Top Origin (2021)India$1.33B
Top Destination (2021)United States$818M

In 2021 Pepper were the world's 536th most traded product (out of 1,217).

In 2021, the top exporters of Pepper were India ($1.33B), Vietnam ($973M), China ($658M), Brazil ($321M), and Spain ($264M).

In 2021, the top importers of Pepper were United States ($818M), China ($627M), Germany ($262M), Thailand ($221M), and India ($214M).

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Exporters of Pepper (2021)
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Importers of Pepper (2021)
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Market Dynamics

Color
Top Origin Growth (2020 -  2021)Vietnam$257M
Top Destination Growth (2020 -  2021)United States$207M

Between 2020 and 2021, the exports of Pepper grew the fastest in Vietnam ($257M), India ($163M), Brazil ($120M), China ($74.4M), and Sri Lanka ($68.2M).

Between 2020 and 2021, the fastest growing importers of Pepper were United States ($207M), India ($105M), Germany ($68.4M), United Arab Emirates ($55.2M), and China ($51.7M).

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Exporters of Pepper (2020 - 2021)

Importers of Pepper (2020 - 2021)

Market Concentration

Value

This chart shows the evolution of the market concentration of exports of Pepper.

In 2021, market concentration measured using Shannon Entropy, was 3.85. This means that most of the exports of Pepper are explained by 14 countries.

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Value of Exports in Pepper

Net Trade

TOP NET EXPORTER (2021)India$1.11B
TOP NET IMPORTER (2021)United States$750M

This map shows which countries export or import more of Pepper. Each country is colored based on the difference in exports and imports of Pepper during 2021.

In 2021, the countries that had a largest trade value in exports than in imports of Pepper were India ($1.11B), Vietnam ($864M), Brazil ($311M), Peru ($112M), and Indonesia ($80.9M).

In 2021, the countries that had a largest trade value in imports than in exports of Pepper were United States ($750M), Thailand ($199M), Germany ($132M), Japan ($117M), and United Kingdom ($111M).

Net Trade (2021)

Disaggregation

Value

In 2021, the world most traded Pepper, disaggragated by their HS6 level were Capsicum or Pimenta, dried, crushed or... ($2.8B), Pepper of the genus Piper, whole ($1.79B), and Pepper of the genus Piper, crushed... ($494M)

HS6 Disaggregation for Pepper (2021)
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Country Comparison

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Ranking

This visualization shows the countries that have an important ratio of their trade related to Pepper.
It is possible to select the main countries that export or import Pepper in the world, or by continent, as well as select the measure of interest.

Top 10 Exporters Countries of Pepper by percentage of total exports

Product Complexity

Diversification Frontier

Specialization

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a product's potential export opportunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth potential, lower income inequality, and lower emissions.

Relatedness vs Country Complexity (2021)

Country by Relatedness

The following visualization shows the relatedness of Pepper to countries. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Relative Relatedness by Country (2021)

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