Overview In 2021 Yemen was the number 146 economy in the world in terms of total exports and the number 101 in total imports.

Exports The top exports of Yemen are Crude Petroleum ($1.06B), Scrap Iron ($81.5M), Non-fillet Fresh Fish ($79.7M), Gold ($72.7M), and Non-fillet Frozen Fish ($68.6M), exporting mostly to Thailand ($487M), China ($411M), Saudi Arabia ($218M), Oman ($167M), and Austria ($125M).

Imports The top imports of Yemen are Refined Petroleum ($950M), Wheat ($840M), Raw Iron Bars ($550M), Cars ($406M), and Rice ($366M), importing mostly from China ($2.57B), Saudi Arabia ($2.07B), United Arab Emirates ($1.39B), Turkey ($1.1B), and Oman ($781M).

Location Yemen borders Oman and Saudi Arabia by land and Djibouti, Eritrea, and Somalia by sea.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade


The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Yemen.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Latest Data


The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Subscribe today to OEC pro and access the latest data

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Top Export (2021)Crude Petroleum$1.06B
Top Destination (2021)Thailand$487M

In 2021, Yemen exported a total of $1.97B, making it the number 146 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Yemen have changed by $1.02B from $950M in 2016 to $1.97B in 2021.

The most recent exports are led by Crude Petroleum ($1.06B), Scrap Iron ($81.5M), Non-fillet Fresh Fish ($79.7M), Gold ($72.7M), and Non-fillet Frozen Fish ($68.6M). The most common destination for the exports of Yemen are Thailand ($487M), China ($411M), Saudi Arabia ($218M), Oman ($167M), and Austria ($125M).

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Exports (2021)
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Destinations (2021)
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Market Growth

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2020 - 2021)
Thailand$444M (+ 1.03k%)
Austria$111M (+ 794%)
India$82.3M (+ 634%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2020 - 2021)
Saudi Arabia$999M (+ 93.7%)
Turkey$263M (+ 31.5%)
Oman$216M (+ 38.3%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2020 - 2021)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Yemen Exports Services (2015)$255M
Yemen Imports Services (2015)$1.18B

In 2015, Yemen exported $255M worth of services. The top services exported by Yemen in 2015 were Government services, n.i.e. ($166M), Air transport ($44.8M), Sea transport ($41.7M), and Other business services ($2.78M).

The top services imported by Yemen in 2015 were Sea transport ($714M), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($205M), Insurance services ($143M), Air transport ($30.7M), and Financial services ($28.7M).

Service Exports (2015)

Service Imports (2015)

Economic Complexity


Economic Complexity (Trade)-1.15Rank 113 of 131
Economic Complexity (Research)-1.06Rank 121 of 140

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Yemen has a high level of specialization in Documents of title (bonds etc) and unused stamps (220), Sheep Hides (154), Onions (71.4), Bran (69.7), and Honey (64.1). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Yemen observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

The highest complexity exports of Yemen according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Odoriferous substances and mixtures (including alcoholic solutions) with a basis of one... (0.48), Generators for producer or water gas with or without their purifiers acetylene... (0.34), Turbines; hydraulic water wheels and regulators therefor (0.15), Nickel; waste and scrap (-0.18), and Industrial monocarboxylic fatty acids; acid oils from refining; industrial fatty alcohols (-0.54). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Yemen according to the relatedness index, were Cocoa Beans (0.099), Manganese Ore (0.098), Raw Cotton (0.097), Dried Legumes (0.095), and Fish Fillets (0.095). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Yemen is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Yemen. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Yemen exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier


The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

Compare with

During the last 20 years Yemen's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨98th to the 113th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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ECI Ranking by Country

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