Overview In 2019 Uganda was the number 96 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 133 in total exports, the number 147 in total imports, the number 170 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 111 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Uganda are Gold ($1.71B), Coffee ($382M), Milk ($92.5M), Fish Fillets ($90.3M), and Raw Tobacco ($64.7M), exporting mostly to United Arab Emirates ($1.74B), Kenya ($282M), Italy ($126M), Germany ($91.2M), and Netherlands ($75.3M).

Imports The top imports of Uganda are Packaged Medicaments ($280M), Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($121M), Delivery Trucks ($99M), Cars ($94.6M), and Wheat ($88.5M), importing mostly from China ($741M), India ($634M), Kenya ($619M), United Arab Emirates ($256M), and Japan ($177M).

Location Uganda borders Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, and Tanzania by land.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Top Export (2019): Gold, $1.71B

Top Destination (2019): United Arab Emirates, $1.74B

In 2019, Uganda exported a total of $3.01B, making it the number 133 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Uganda have changed by $677M from $2.33B in 2014 to $3.01B in 2019.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($1.71B), Coffee ($382M), Milk ($92.5M), Fish Fillets ($90.3M), and Raw Tobacco ($64.7M). The most common destination for the exports of Uganda are United Arab Emirates ($1.74B), Kenya ($282M), Italy ($126M), Germany ($91.2M), and Netherlands ($75.3M).

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Yearly Imports

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Top Import (2019): Packaged Medicaments, $280M

Top Origin (2019): China, $741M

In 2019 Uganda imported $3.84B, making it the number 147 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Uganda changed by -$1.44B from $5.28B in 2014 to $3.84B in 2019.

The most recent imports of Uganda are led by Packaged Medicaments ($280M), Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($121M), Delivery Trucks ($99M), Cars ($94.6M), and Wheat ($88.5M). The most common import partners for Uganda are China ($741M), India ($634M), Kenya ($619M), United Arab Emirates ($256M), and Japan ($177M).

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Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2018 - 2019)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2018 - 2019)

Uganda Exports Services (2018): $1.97B

Uganda Imports Services (2018): $2.54B

In 2018, Uganda exported $1.97B worth of services. The top services exported by Uganda in 2018 were Personal travel ($880M), Government services, n.i.e. ($398M), Other business services ($195M), Transportation ($181M), and Business travel ($147M).

The top services imported by Uganda in 2018 were Transportation ($1.41B), Other business services ($718M), Personal travel ($137M), Construction services ($80M), and Insurance services ($74.4M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Uganda are Raw sugar, beet (100%) and Refined sugar, in solid form, flavoured or coloured (100%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Uganda are:
115: Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Group I) FTA Member States
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
200: Preferential tariff for East African Community (EAC)
211: Preferential tariff for Eritrea (COMESA)
214: Preferential tariff for Ethiopia (COMESA)

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Uganda has a high level of specialization in Vanilla (155), Coffee (76.7), Milk (60.9), Processed Fish (55), and Tanned Goat Hides (41.3). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Uganda observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Uganda according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Casein, caseinates & casein derivatives, casein glues (0.23), Fibreboard of wood or other ligneous materials (0.11), Hair preparations (0.026), Silicates (-0.019), and Milk and cream, neither concentrated nor sweetened (-0.094). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Uganda according to the relatedness index, are Other Ores (0.13), Manganese Ore (0.13), Coconuts, Brazil Nuts, and Cashews (0.13), Crude Petroleum (0.13), and Crustaceans (0.12). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Uganda is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Uganda. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Uganda exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

During the last 12 years Uganda's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨90th to the 111th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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