Flag Uganda

Econ Complexity (2018): -0.48, Rank 86 of 137

Product Exports (2018): $4.16B, Rank 117 of 222

Exports Per Capita (2018): $97.3, Rank 42 of 219

Product Imports (2018): $6.29B, Rank 118 of 221

Imports Per Capita (2018): $147, Rank 42 of 219

Service Exports (2018): $1.97B, Rank 56 of 88

Service Imports (2018): $2.54B, Rank 55 of 88

GDP (2018): $27.5B, CURRENT US$
Rank 103 of 196

GDP growth (2008 - 2018): 92.9%, CURRENT US$
Rank 36 of 196

GDP PC (2018): $643, CURRENT US$
Rank 186 of 196

GDP PC GROWTH (2008 - 2018): 37.4%, CURRENT US$
Rank 66 of 196

Overview: This page contains the latest international trade data for Uganda, including service trade data, and tariffs. In 2018 Uganda was the number 103 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 117 in total exports, the number 118 in total imports, and the number 86 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI). In 2018, Uganda exported $4.16B and imported $6.29B, resulting in a negative trade balance of -$2.14B. In 2018, Uganda's exports per capita were $97.3 and its imports per capita were $147.

Trade: The top exports of Uganda are Gold ($1.65B), Coffee ($487M), Dried Legumes ($104M), Fish Fillets ($99.7M), and Corn ($92.6M). The top imports of Uganda are Refined Petroleum ($1.1B), Gold ($335M), Packaged Medicaments ($247M), Palm Oil ($225M), and Delivery Trucks ($219M).

Destinations: Uganda exports mostly to United Arab Emirates ($1.68B), Kenya ($507M), South Sudan ($301M), Democratic Republic of the Congo ($202M), and Rwanda ($197M), and imports mostly from China ($986M), United Arab Emirates ($742M), India ($679M), Kenya ($643M), and Saudi Arabia ($539M).

Location: Uganda borders Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, and Tanzania by land.

Yearly Exports

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Top Export (2018): Gold, $1.65B

Top Destination (2018): United Arab Emirates, $1.68B

In 2018 Uganda exported a total of $4.16B, making it the number 117 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Uganda have changed by $1.64B from $2.52B in 2013 to $4.16B in 2018.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($1.65B), Coffee ($487M), Dried Legumes ($104M), Fish Fillets ($99.7M), and Corn ($92.6M). The most common destination for the exports of Uganda are United Arab Emirates ($1.68B), Kenya ($507M), South Sudan ($301M), Democratic Republic of the Congo ($202M), and Rwanda ($197M).

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Yearly Imports

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Top Import (2018): Refined Petroleum, $1.1B

Top Origin (2018): China, $986M

In 2018 Uganda imported $6.29B, making it the number 118 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Uganda changed by $472M from $5.82B in 2013 to $6.29B in 2018.

The most recent imports of Uganda are led by Refined Petroleum ($1.1B), Gold ($335M), Packaged Medicaments ($247M), Palm Oil ($225M), and Delivery Trucks ($219M). The most common import partners for Uganda are China ($986M), United Arab Emirates ($742M), India ($679M), Kenya ($643M), and Saudi Arabia ($539M).

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Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2017 - 2018)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2017 - 2018)

Uganda Exports Services (2018): $1.97B

Uganda Imports Services (2018): $2.54B

In 2018, Uganda exported $1.97B worth of services. The top services exported by Uganda in 2018 were Personal travel ($880M), Government services, n.i.e. ($398M), Other business services ($195M), Transportation ($181M), and Business travel ($147M).

The top services imported by Uganda in 2018 were Transportation ($1.41B), Other business services ($718M), Personal travel ($137M), Construction services ($80M), and Insurance services ($74.4M).

Trade Forecasts

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This section shows forecasts for total product exports and imports for Uganda. The forecast is based in a long short-term memory model or LSTM constructed using yearly trade data.

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Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Uganda are Raw sugar, beet (100%) and Refined sugar, in solid form, flavoured or coloured (100%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

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*The tariffs applied to imports for Uganda are:
115: Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Group I) FTA Member States
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
200: Preferential tariff for East African Community (EAC)
211: Preferential tariff for Eritrea (COMESA)
214: Preferential tariff for Ethiopia (COMESA)

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 11 years Uganda's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively more complex, moving from the ⁩⁨90th to the 86th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Uganda has a high level of specialization in Cereal Flours (189), Coffee (69.8), Tanned Goat Hides (60.6), Bran (59.6), and Dried Legumes (48.9). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Uganda observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Uganda according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Articles of, or clad with, precious metal nes (0.39), Polymer based paints, varnishes in non-aqueous medium (0.34), Albumins, albuminates and other albumin derivatives (0.32), Casein, caseinates & casein derivatives, casein glues (0.23), and Sets of hand tools, retail (0.16). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Uganda according to the relatedness index, are Crustaceans (0.2), Molasses (0.2), Crude Petroleum (0.19), Coconuts, Brazil Nuts, and Cashews (0.19), and Other Hides and Skins (0.19). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Uganda is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Diversification Frontier

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Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.