Overview: In 2018 Turkmenistan was the number 93 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 91 in total exports, the number 152 in total imports, and the number 100 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI). In 2018, Turkmenistan exported $9.11B and imported $2.38B, resulting in a positive trade balance of $6.73B. In 2018, Turkmenistan's exports per capita were $1.56k and its imports per capita were $406.
Trade: The top exports of Turkmenistan are Petroleum Gas ($7.23B), Refined Petroleum ($804M), Peat ($178M), Non-Retail Pure Cotton Yarn ($159M), and Raw Cotton ($109M). The top imports of Turkmenistan are Harvesting Machinery ($98.8M), Special Purpose Ships ($89.3M), Packaged Medicaments ($72.8M), Steam Turbines ($63M), and Iron Pipes ($57.7M).
Destinations: Turkmenistan exports mostly to China ($7.3B), Afghanistan ($323M), Turkey ($256M), Uzbekistan ($228M), and Georgia ($174M), and imports mostly from Turkey ($467M), China ($317M), Russia ($288M), United Arab Emirates ($258M), and Germany ($172M).
Location: Turkmenistan borders Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan by land and Azerbaijan by sea.