Overview In 2022, Tajikistan was the number 144 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 142 in total exports, the number 135 in total imports, the number 167 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 108 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) .

Exports The top exports of Tajikistan are Gold ($644M), Precious Metal Ore ($249M), Raw Cotton ($212M), Copper Ore ($203M), and Raw Aluminium ($174M), exporting mostly to Kazakhstan ($486M), Switzerland ($451M), China ($404M), Turkey ($189M), and Uzbekistan ($180M).

Imports The top imports of Tajikistan are Refined Petroleum ($625M), Wheat ($312M), Cars ($203M), Petroleum Gas ($161M), and Raw Iron Bars ($143M), importing mostly from China ($2.15B), Russia ($1.46B), Kazakhstan ($882M), Uzbekistan ($414M), and Turkey ($395M).

Location Tajikistan borders Afghanistan, China, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan by land.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade


The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Tajikistan.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

* Trade values are converted to USD using each month's exchange rate. For December 2023 data, the exchange rate from December 30, 2023 is used.

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Latest Data


The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Top Export (2022)Gold$644M
Top Destination (2022)Kazakhstan$486M

In 2022, Tajikistan exported a total of $2.41B, making it the number 142 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Tajikistan have changed by $995M from $1.41B in 2017 to $2.41B in 2022.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($644M), Precious Metal Ore ($249M), Raw Cotton ($212M), Copper Ore ($203M), and Raw Aluminium ($174M). The most common destination for the exports of Tajikistan are Kazakhstan ($486M), Switzerland ($451M), China ($404M), Turkey ($189M), and Uzbekistan ($180M).

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Exports (2022)
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Destinations (2022)
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Market Growth

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2021 - 2022)
China$245M (+ 154%)
Kazakhstan$125M (+ 34.6%)
Iran$75.4M (+ 194%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2021 - 2022)
China$558M (+ 35%)
Russia$300M (+ 25.9%)
Turkey$120M (+ 43.7%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2021 - 2022)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Tajikistan Exports Services (2017)$204M
Tajikistan Imports Services (2017)$107M

In 2017, Tajikistan exported $204M worth of services. The top services exported by Tajikistan in 2017 were Other transport ($165M), Sea transport ($18.3M), Telecommunications services ($5.35M), Government services, n.i.e. ($5.19M), and Personal travel ($4.54M).

The top services imported by Tajikistan in 2017 were Other transport ($45M), Construction in the compiling economy ($41.5M), Government services, n.i.e. ($5.85M), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($5.55M), and Telecommunications services ($3.52M).

Service Exports (2017)

Service Imports (2017)

Economic Complexity

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Tajikistan has a high level of specialization in Antimony (2.17k), Precious Metal Ore (184), Lead Ore (169), Zinc Ore (99.7), and Raw Cotton (92.3). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Tajikistan observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Tajikistan according to the relatedness index, were Dried Legumes (0.094), Other Oily Seeds (0.094), Manganese Ore (0.093), Insect Resins (0.092), and Tropical Fruits (0.091). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Tajikistan is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Tajikistan. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Tajikistan exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Relatedness Space (2022)

Diversification Frontier


The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Diversification Frontier

Economic Complexity Ranking


During the last 20 years Tajikistan's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨nullth to the 108th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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ECI (Trade) Ranking by Country

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