Overview In 2019 Somalia was the number 167 in total exports, the number 148 in total imports and the number null most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Somalia are Gold ($174M), Sheep and Goats ($83.1M), Other Oily Seeds ($41.1M), Insect Resins ($35.7M), and Bovine ($15.8M), exporting mostly to United Arab Emirates ($195M), Saudi Arabia ($80.1M), India ($20.7M), Japan ($19M), and China ($18.1M).

Imports The top imports of Somalia are Rolled Tobacco ($442M), Raw Sugar ($263M), Rice ($185M), Broadcasting Equipment ($109M), and Woven Fabric of Synthetic Staple Fibers ($96.7M), importing mostly from United Arab Emirates ($1.16B), China ($732M), India ($615M), Turkey ($256M), and Kenya ($116M).

Location Somalia borders Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Kenya by land and Yemen by sea.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Top Export (2019): Gold, $174M

Top Destination (2019): United Arab Emirates, $195M

In 2019, Somalia exported a total of $420M, making it the number 167 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Somalia have changed by -$285M from $705M in 2014 to $420M in 2019.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($174M), Sheep and Goats ($83.1M), Other Oily Seeds ($41.1M), Insect Resins ($35.7M), and Bovine ($15.8M). The most common destination for the exports of Somalia are United Arab Emirates ($195M), Saudi Arabia ($80.1M), India ($20.7M), Japan ($19M), and China ($18.1M).

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Yearly Imports

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Top Import (2019): Rolled Tobacco, $442M

Top Origin (2019): United Arab Emirates, $1.16B

In 2019 Somalia imported $3.59B, making it the number 148 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Somalia changed by $1.83B from $1.76B in 2014 to $3.59B in 2019.

The most recent imports of Somalia are led by Rolled Tobacco ($442M), Raw Sugar ($263M), Rice ($185M), Broadcasting Equipment ($109M), and Woven Fabric of Synthetic Staple Fibers ($96.7M). The most common import partners for Somalia are United Arab Emirates ($1.16B), China ($732M), India ($615M), Turkey ($256M), and Kenya ($116M).

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Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2018 - 2019)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2018 - 2019)

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Somalia has a high level of specialization in Sheep and Goats (2.07k), Insect Resins (1.69k), Other Oily Seeds (316), Bovine (75.2), and Molluscs (62.2). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Somalia observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Somalia according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Electric lighting, signal equipment, car electrics nes (1.04), Cast articles, of iron or steel nes (0.44), Prefabricated buildings (0.043), Paper, board corrugated creped embossed perforated nes (-0.067), and Meat, edible meat offal nes, fresh, chilled or frozen (-0.11). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Somalia according to the relatedness index, are Non-fillet Fresh Fish (0.066), Manganese Ore (0.066), Tropical Fruits (0.065), Crude Petroleum (0.065), and Raw Cotton (0.063). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Somalia is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Somalia. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Somalia exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.