Overview In 2022, El Salvador was the number 100 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 114 in total exports, the number 94 in total imports, the number 111 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 65 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) .

Exports The top exports of El Salvador are Knit T-shirts ($848M), Knit Sweaters ($535M), Electrical Capacitors ($343M), Plastic Lids ($316M), and Raw Sugar ($232M), exporting mostly to United States ($2.87B), Guatemala ($1.21B), Honduras ($1.18B), Nicaragua ($497M), and Costa Rica ($304M).

Imports The top imports of El Salvador are Refined Petroleum ($1.87B), Petroleum Gas ($540M), Broadcasting Equipment ($400M), Packaged Medicaments ($303M), and Light Rubberized Knitted Fabric ($300M), importing mostly from United States ($4.94B), China ($2.61B), Guatemala ($2.03B), Mexico ($1.25B), and Honduras ($940M).

Location El Salvador borders Guatemala by land and Honduras and Nicaragua by sea.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade


The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of El Salvador.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

* Trade values are converted to USD using each month's exchange rate. For December 2023 data, the exchange rate from December 30, 2023 is used.

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Latest Data


The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Top Export (2022)Knit T-shirts$848M
Top Destination (2022)United States$2.87B

In 2022, El Salvador exported a total of $7.47B, making it the number 114 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of El Salvador have changed by $1.14B from $6.33B in 2017 to $7.47B in 2022.

The most recent exports are led by Knit T-shirts ($848M), Knit Sweaters ($535M), Electrical Capacitors ($343M), Plastic Lids ($316M), and Raw Sugar ($232M). The most common destination for the exports of El Salvador are United States ($2.87B), Guatemala ($1.21B), Honduras ($1.18B), Nicaragua ($497M), and Costa Rica ($304M).

Explore Visualizations

Exports (2022)
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Destinations (2022)
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Market Growth

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2021 - 2022)
United States$217M (+ 8.18%)
Honduras$134M (+ 12.7%)
Guatemala$127M (+ 11.7%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2021 - 2022)
United States$947M (+ 23.7%)
China$464M (+ 21.6%)
Guatemala$317M (+ 18.5%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2021 - 2022)

Service Trade

Service Trade

El Salvador Exports Services (2020)$1.45B
El Salvador Imports Services (2020)$1.15B

In 2020, El Salvador exported $1.45B worth of services. The top services exported by El Salvador in 2020 were Personal travel ($623M), Telecommunications services ($162M), Air transport ($129M), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($124M), and Government services, n.i.e. ($104M).

The top services imported by El Salvador in 2020 were Sea transport ($378M), Personal travel ($147M), Reinsurance ($142M), Other transport ($112M), and Royalties and license fees ($97.7M).

Service Exports (2020)

Service Imports (2020)

Economic Complexity

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

El Salvador has a high level of specialization in Cereal Flours (106), Molasses (87.7), Asbestos Cement Articles (70.6), Non-Retail Mixed Cotton Yarn (59.8), and Knit T-shirts (48.1). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between El Salvador observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

The highest complexity exports of El Salvador according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Alloy steel flat-rolled products, of a width 600mm or more (1.4), Alloy steel flat-rolled products, of a width of less than 600mm (1.15), Self-adhesive plates, sheets, film, foil, tape, strip and other flat shapes, of... (1.09), Electrical capacitors; fixed, variable or adjustable (pre-set) (0.99), and Medicaments; (not goods of heading no. 3002, 3005 or 3006) consisting of... (0.92). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for El Salvador according to the relatedness index, were Non-Knit Men's Suits (0.27), Bananas (0.27), Cassava (0.27), Pepper (0.26), and Tropical Fruits (0.26). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that El Salvador is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of El Salvador. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that El Salvador exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier


The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking


During the last 20 years El Salvador's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively more complex, moving from the ⁩⁨65th to the 65th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

Explore Rankings

ECI (Trade) Ranking by Country

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