Flag Sudan

Econ Complexity (2018): -1.44, Rank 128 of 137

Product Exports (2018): $4.08B, Rank 118 of 222

Exports Per Capita (2018): $97.6, Rank 41 of 219

Product Imports (2018): $7.47B, Rank 114 of 221

Imports Per Capita (2018): $179, Rank 39 of 219

Service Exports (2015): $1.73B, Rank 97 of 170

Service Imports (2015): $1.64B, Rank 106 of 170

GDP (2018): $40.9B, CURRENT US$
Rank 92 of 196

GDP growth (2008 - 2018): -25.1%, CURRENT US$
Rank 191 of 196

GDP PC (2018): $977, CURRENT US$
Rank 171 of 196

GDP PC GROWTH (2008 - 2018): -25.1%, CURRENT US$
Rank 189 of 196

Overview: In 2018 Sudan was the number 92 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 118 in total exports, the number 114 in total imports, and the number 128 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI). In 2018, Sudan exported $4.08B and imported $7.47B, resulting in a negative trade balance of -$3.39B. In 2018, Sudan's exports per capita were $97.6 and its imports per capita were $179.

Trade: The top exports of Sudan are Crude Petroleum ($1.05B), Gold ($1.03B), Other Oily Seeds ($691M), Sheep and Goats ($482M), and Insect Resins ($116M). The top imports of Sudan are Wheat ($494M), Raw Sugar ($436M), Packaged Medicaments ($241M), Cars ($213M), and Rubber Tires ($140M).

Destinations: Sudan exports mostly to United Arab Emirates ($1.1B), India ($705M), China ($670M), Saudi Arabia ($566M), and Indonesia ($242M), and imports mostly from China ($1.88B), United Arab Emirates ($893M), India ($786M), Saudi Arabia ($640M), and Russia ($505M).

Location: Sudan borders Central African Republic, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Libya, and South Sudan by land and Saudi Arabia by sea.

Product Exports

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Value

Top Export (2018): Crude Petroleum, $1.05B

Top Destination (2018): United Arab Emirates, $1.1B

In 2018 Sudan exported a total of $4.08B, making it the number 118 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Sudan have changed by $114M from $3.97B in 2013 to $4.08B in 2018.

The most recent exports are led by Crude Petroleum ($1.05B), Gold ($1.03B), Other Oily Seeds ($691M), Sheep and Goats ($482M), and Insect Resins ($116M). The most common destination for the exports of Sudan are United Arab Emirates ($1.1B), India ($705M), China ($670M), Saudi Arabia ($566M), and Indonesia ($242M).

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Product Imports

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Value

Top Import (2018): Wheat, $494M

Top Origin (2018): China, $1.88B

In 2018 Sudan imported $7.47B, making it the number 114 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Sudan changed by $47.5M from $7.42B in 2013 to $7.47B in 2018.

The most recent imports of Sudan are led by Wheat ($494M), Raw Sugar ($436M), Packaged Medicaments ($241M), Cars ($213M), and Rubber Tires ($140M). The most common import partners for Sudan are China ($1.88B), United Arab Emirates ($893M), India ($786M), Saudi Arabia ($640M), and Russia ($505M).

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Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2017 - 2018)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2017 - 2018)

Sudan Exports Services (2015): $1.73B

Sudan Imports Services (2015): $1.64B

In 2015, Sudan exported $1.73B worth of services. The top services exported by Sudan in 2015 were Business travel ($940M), Other transport ($532M), Government services, n.i.e. ($128M), Other business services ($98.1M), and Construction in the compiling economy ($14.3M).

The top services imported by Sudan in 2015 were Other transport ($964M), Insurance services ($194M), Other business services ($163M), Business travel ($154M), and Government services, n.i.e. ($103M).

Trade Forecasts

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This section shows forecasts for total product exports and imports for Sudan. The forecast is based in a long short-term memory model or LSTM constructed using yearly trade data.

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Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Sudan are Abrasive powder or grain on a base of other material (40%) and Abrasive powder, grain on paper or paperboard support (40%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

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*The tariffs applied to imports for Sudan are:
115: Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Group I) FTA Member States
116: Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Group II) Non-FTA Member States
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
213: Preferential tariff for Ethiopia
313: Preferential tariff for the League of Arab States

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 18 years Sudan's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨69th to the 128th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Sudan has a high level of specialization in Sheep and Goats (1.13k), Other Oily Seeds (607), Insect Resins (597), Bran (147), and Ground Nuts (88.8). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Sudan observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Sudan according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Military weapons, other than hand guns, swords, etc (-0.17), Pulps of other fibrous cellulosic material (-0.32), Live bovine animals (-0.4), Meat of bovine animals, fresh or chilled (-0.49), and Zinc waste or scrap (-0.72). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Sudan according to the relatedness index, are Crustaceans (0.074), Tropical Fruits (0.074), Cocoa Beans (0.07), Raw Sugar (0.069), and Maté (0.068). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Sudan is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.