Overview In 2021, Sudan was the number 99 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 116 in total exports, the number 114 in total imports, the number 192 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 120 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) .

Exports The top exports of Sudan are Gold ($2.85B), Ground Nuts ($488M), Other Oily Seeds ($416M), Crude Petroleum ($395M), and Sheep and Goats ($239M), exporting mostly to United Arab Emirates ($2.9B), China ($780M), Saudi Arabia ($341M), India ($259M), and Italy ($202M).

In 2021, Sudan was the world's biggest exporter of Ground Nut Meal ($18.8M)

Imports The top imports of Sudan are Raw Sugar ($859M), Refined Petroleum ($580M), Wheat ($508M), Packaged Medicaments ($238M), and Cars ($234M), importing mostly from China ($1.82B), United Arab Emirates ($1.37B), Saudi Arabia ($1.17B), India ($1.01B), and Egypt ($708M).

Location Sudan borders Central African Republic, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Libya, and South Sudan by land and Saudi Arabia by sea.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade


The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Sudan.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Latest Data


The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Top Export (2021)Gold$2.85B
Top Destination (2021)United Arab Emirates$2.9B

In 2021, Sudan exported a total of $5.44B, making it the number 116 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Sudan have changed by $1.12B from $4.32B in 2016 to $5.44B in 2021.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($2.85B), Ground Nuts ($488M), Other Oily Seeds ($416M), Crude Petroleum ($395M), and Sheep and Goats ($239M). The most common destination for the exports of Sudan are United Arab Emirates ($2.9B), China ($780M), Saudi Arabia ($341M), India ($259M), and Italy ($202M).

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Exports (2021)
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Destinations (2021)
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Market Growth

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2020 - 2021)
United Arab Emirates$1.04B (+ 56.1%)
Malaysia$113M (+ 9.39k%)
Saudi Arabia$99.8M (+ 41.3%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2020 - 2021)
Saudi Arabia$521M (+ 80.8%)
Egypt$235M (+ 49.7%)
United Arab Emirates$225M (+ 19.7%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2020 - 2021)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Sudan Exports Services (2015)$1.73B
Sudan Imports Services (2015)$1.64B

In 2015, Sudan exported $1.73B worth of services. The top services exported by Sudan in 2015 were Business travel ($940M), Other transport ($532M), Government services, n.i.e. ($128M), Other business services ($98.1M), and Construction in the compiling economy ($14.3M).

The top services imported by Sudan in 2015 were Other transport ($964M), Insurance services ($194M), Other business services ($163M), Business travel ($154M), and Government services, n.i.e. ($103M).

Service Exports (2015)

Service Imports (2015)

Economic Complexity


Economic Complexity (Trade)-1.33Rank 120 of 131
Economic Complexity (Technology)-1.32Rank 84 of 96
Economic Complexity (Research)-1.3Rank 128 of 140

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Sudan has a high level of specialization in Sheep and Goats (467), Insect Resins (457), Ground Nuts (453), Other Oily Seeds (273), and Other Animals (258). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Sudan observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

The highest complexity exports of Sudan according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Newsprint, in rolls or sheets (0.99), Tools, hand; two or more of heading no. 8202 to 8205, put... (0.88), Military weapons; other than revolvers, pistols and arms of heading no. 9307 (0.28), Special purpose motor vehicles; not those for the transport of persons or... (0.28), and Firearms; other similar devices (e.g. sporting shotguns and rifles, muzzle-loading firearms, very... (0.034). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Sudan according to the relatedness index, were Manganese Ore (0.084), Tin Ores (0.079), Mate (0.072), Niobium, Tantalum, Vanadium and Zirconium Ore (0.071), and Tropical Fruits (0.071). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Sudan is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Sudan. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Sudan exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier


The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking


During the last 20 years Sudan's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨84th to the 120th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

Explore Rankings

ECI (Trade) Ranking by Country

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