Overview In 2022, Paraguay was the number 96 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 103 in total exports, the number 100 in total imports, the number 102 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 79 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) .

Exports The top exports of Paraguay are Electricity ($1.66B), Soybeans ($1.23B), Corn ($1.09B), Bovine Meat ($886M), and Frozen Bovine Meat ($853M), exporting mostly to Brazil ($3.67B), Argentina ($1.91B), Chile ($1.16B), Russia ($356M), and United States ($265M).

Imports The top imports of Paraguay are Refined Petroleum ($1.87B), Broadcasting Equipment ($1.56B), Cars ($651M), Pesticides ($453M), and Computers ($342M), importing mostly from China ($4.23B), Brazil ($3.53B), United States ($1.7B), Argentina ($1.23B), and Chile ($509M).

Location Paraguay borders Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil by land.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade


The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Paraguay.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

* Trade values are converted to USD using each month's exchange rate. For December 2023 data, the exchange rate from December 30, 2023 is used.

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Latest Data


The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Top Export (2022)Electricity$1.66B
Top Destination (2022)Brazil$3.67B

In 2022, Paraguay exported a total of $10.1B, making it the number 103 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Paraguay have changed by $1.22B from $8.89B in 2017 to $10.1B in 2022.

The most recent exports are led by Electricity ($1.66B), Soybeans ($1.23B), Corn ($1.09B), Bovine Meat ($886M), and Frozen Bovine Meat ($853M). The most common destination for the exports of Paraguay are Brazil ($3.67B), Argentina ($1.91B), Chile ($1.16B), Russia ($356M), and United States ($265M).

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Exports (2022)
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Destinations (2022)
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Market Growth

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2021 - 2022)
Chile$157M (+ 15.6%)
Brazil$112M (+ 3.14%)
Uruguay$86.8M (+ 74.7%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2021 - 2022)
China$481M (+ 12.8%)
Brazil$469M (+ 15.3%)
United States$159M (+ 10.3%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2021 - 2022)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Paraguay Exports Services (2015)$542M
Paraguay Imports Services (2015)$802M

In 2015, Paraguay exported $542M worth of services. The top services exported by Paraguay in 2015 were Other transport ($305M), Government services, n.i.e. ($171M), Air transport ($18M), Communications services ($16M), and Auxiliary services ($12M).

The top services imported by Paraguay in 2015 were Air transport ($294M), Other transport ($267M), Sea transport ($104M), Financial services ($47.3M), and Government services, n.i.e. ($33.3M).

Service Exports (2015)

Service Imports (2015)

Economic Complexity


Economic Complexity (Trade)-0.37Rank 79 of 124
Economic Complexity (Research)0.7Rank 30 of 135

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Paraguay has a high level of specialization in Wood Charcoal (82.1), Bovine Meat (71.1), Soybean Oil (58.2), Other Oily Seeds (55), and Bovine, Sheep, and Goat Fat (53.9). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Paraguay observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

The highest complexity exports of Paraguay according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Alcohols; cyclic, and their halogenated, sulphonated, nitrated or nitrosated derivatives (0.92), Aluminium; tube or pipe fittings (e.g. couplings, elbows, sleeves) (0.65), Nonwovens; whether or not impregnated, coated, covered or laminated (0.58), Turbines; hydraulic water wheels and regulators therefor (0.49), and Pig fat, free of lean meat, and poultry fat, not rendered or... (0.46). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Paraguay according to the relatedness index, were Gold (0.14), Dried Legumes (0.13), Insect Resins (0.12), Crustaceans (0.12), and Wool (0.12). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Paraguay is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Paraguay. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Paraguay exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier


The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking


During the last 20 years Paraguay's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨75th to the 79th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

Explore Rankings

ECI (Trade) Ranking by Country

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