Overview In 2019 Poland was the number 21 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 22 in total exports, the number 18 in total imports, the number 57 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 23 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Poland are Vehicle Parts ($14.6B), Cars ($6.8B), Seats ($6.14B), Other Furniture ($5.49B), and Computers ($5.05B), exporting mostly to Germany ($68.4B), Czechia ($15.4B), United Kingdom ($15.3B), France ($14.7B), and Italy ($11.9B).

In 2019, Poland was the world's biggest exporter of Coke ($1.88B), Razor Blades ($994M), Wood Crates ($590M), Newspapers ($519M), and Frozen Fruits and Nuts ($512M)

Imports The top imports of Poland are Cars ($11.4B), Crude Petroleum ($10B), Vehicle Parts ($9.01B), Packaged Medicaments ($5.21B), and Broadcasting Equipment ($5.11B), importing mostly from Germany ($69.6B), China ($26.9B), Italy ($14.9B), Netherlands ($13.1B), and Russia ($11.8B).

In 2019, Poland was the world's biggest importer of Roofing Tiles ($80.3M) and Scrap Tin ($26.6M)

Location Poland borders Belarus, Czechia, Germany, Lithuania, Russia, Slovakia, and Ukraine by land and Denmark and Sweden by sea.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Top Export (2019): Vehicle Parts, $14.6B

Top Destination (2019): Germany, $68.4B

In 2019, Poland exported a total of $256B, making it the number 22 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Poland have changed by $41.5B from $214B in 2014 to $256B in 2019.

The most recent exports are led by Vehicle Parts ($14.6B), Cars ($6.8B), Seats ($6.14B), Other Furniture ($5.49B), and Computers ($5.05B). The most common destination for the exports of Poland are Germany ($68.4B), Czechia ($15.4B), United Kingdom ($15.3B), France ($14.7B), and Italy ($11.9B).

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Yearly Imports

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Top Import (2019): Cars, $11.4B

Top Origin (2019): Germany, $69.6B

In 2019 Poland imported $274B, making it the number 18 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Poland changed by $43B from $231B in 2014 to $274B in 2019.

The most recent imports of Poland are led by Cars ($11.4B), Crude Petroleum ($10B), Vehicle Parts ($9.01B), Packaged Medicaments ($5.21B), and Broadcasting Equipment ($5.11B). The most common import partners for Poland are Germany ($69.6B), China ($26.9B), Italy ($14.9B), Netherlands ($13.1B), and Russia ($11.8B).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2018 - 2019)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2018 - 2019)

Poland Exports Services (2018): $55.4B

Poland Imports Services (2018): $40.5B

In 2018, Poland exported $55.4B worth of services. The top services exported by Poland in 2018 were Other transport ($16.1B), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($14.3B), Personal travel ($9.88B), Business travel ($4.2B), and Air transport ($2.4B).

The top services imported by Poland in 2018 were Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($10.9B), Personal travel ($7.72B), Other transport ($6.42B), Royalties and license fees ($3.66B), and Business travel ($2.03B).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Poland are Sugar beet (178%) and Whey (173%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Poland are:
109: Caribbean Forum (CARIFORUM) - European Union Economic Partnership Agreements (EPA)
119: Customs Union between EU and Turkey
121: Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) between the EU and the Southern African Development Community (SADC) EPA Group
122: EU preferential tariff for sugar producing countries
123: European Union Generalized System of Preference
124: European Union GSP for Least Developed Countries
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
160: Preferential tariff for Albania
161: Preferential tariff for Algeria
162: Preferential tariff for Andorra
172: Preferential tariff for Bosnia and Herzegovina
177: Preferential tariff for Cameroon
181: Preferential tariff for Central American Common Market CACM (Spanish: Mercado Común Centroamericano MCCA) Central American Integration System SICA
182: Preferential tariff for Chile
189: Preferential tariff for Colombia
205: Preferential tariff for Ecuador
206: Preferential tariff for Egypt
209: Preferential tariff for EPA countries
218: Preferential tariff for European Union countries
222: Preferential tariff for Faroe Islands
223: Preferential tariff for Fiji
224: Preferential tariff for for occupied Palestinian territory
226: Preferential tariff for Georgia
227: Preferential tariff for Ghana
238: Preferential tariff for Iceland
239: Preferential tariff for India
244: Preferential tariff for Israel
247: Preferential tariff for Jordan
249: Preferential tariff for Korea, Republic of
255: Preferential tariff for Lebanon
258: Preferential tariff for Liechtenstein
262: Preferential tariff for Macedonia
270: Preferential tariff for Mexico
272: Preferential tariff for Montenegro
273: Preferential tariff for Morocco
281: Preferential tariff for Norway
283: Preferential tariff for Overseas Countries and Territories
284: Preferential tariff for Pakistan
287: Preferential tariff for Papua New Guinea
289: Preferential tariff for Peru
293: Preferential tariff for San Marino
295: Preferential tariff for Selected Eastern and Southern African countries(Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and Zimbabwe)
299: Preferential tariff for Singapore
302: Preferential tariff for South Africa
306: Preferential tariff for Switzerland
308: Preferential tariff for Syria
318: Preferential tariff for the republic of Moldova
321: Preferential tariff for Tunisia
325: Preferential tariff for Ukraine
341: Preferential tariffs for countries benefiting from the special incentive arrangement for sustainable development and good governance

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Poland has a high level of specialization in Coke (16.8), Razor Blades (14.6), Candles (13.2), Tar (11.8), and Newspapers (11.6). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Poland observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Poland according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Metal pickling preps, solder, brazing flux, weld cores (1.7), Self-propelled rail/tramway vehicles (not locomotives) (1.69), Machinery for making pulp, paper, paperboard (1.69), Fork-lift trucks, other trucks with lifting equipment (1.67), and Shafts, cranks, gears, clutches, flywheel, pulleys etc (1.6). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Poland according to the relatedness index, are Beer (0.5), Bovine (0.5), Electricity (0.49), Sawn Wood (0.49), and Other Fermented Beverages (0.49). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Poland is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Poland. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Poland exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 20 years Poland's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively más complex, moving from the ⁩⁨29th to the 23rd⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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