Overview In 2020, Niger was the number 129 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 133 in total exports, the number 153 in total imports, the number 186 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 95 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Niger are Gold ($1.77B), Other Oily Seeds ($224M), Refined Petroleum ($208M), Radioactive Chemicals ($162M), and Uranium and Thorium Ore ($76.9M), exporting mostly to United Arab Emirates ($1.75B), China ($225M), Canada ($180M), Mali ($108M), and Burkina Faso ($103M).

Imports The top imports of Niger are Rice ($325M), Explosive Ammunition ($145M), Palm Oil ($94.7M), Weapons Parts and Accessories ($89.1M), and Cars ($87.3M), importing mostly from China ($479M), France ($413M), United States ($267M), Nigeria ($138M), and Thailand ($121M).

Location Niger borders Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Libya, Mali, and Nigeria by land.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Niger.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Top Export (2020): Gold, $1.77B

Top Destination (2020): United Arab Emirates, $479M

In 2020, Niger exported a total of $2.62B, making it the number 133 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Niger have changed by $1.15B from $1.46B in 2015 to $2.62B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($1.77B), Other Oily Seeds ($224M), Refined Petroleum ($208M), Radioactive Chemicals ($162M), and Uranium and Thorium Ore ($76.9M). The most common destination for the exports of Niger are United Arab Emirates ($1.75B), China ($225M), Canada ($180M), Mali ($108M), and Burkina Faso ($103M).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Niger Exports Services (2013): $115M

Niger Imports Services (2013): $959M

In 2013, Niger exported $115M worth of services. The top services exported by Niger in 2013 were Travel ($87.8M), Transportation ($7.32M), Other business services ($7.16M), Government services, n.i.e. ($5.24M), and Financial services ($3.99M).

The top services imported by Niger in 2013 were Transportation ($658M), Communications services ($69.4M), Construction services ($68M), Other business services ($64.9M), and Travel ($63.3M).

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Niger has a high level of specialization in Other Oily Seeds (252), Radioactive Chemicals (97.9), Gold (26.8), Aircraft Launch Gear (15.8), and Tanned Sheep Hides (14.5). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Niger observed and expected exports in each product.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Niger according to the relatedness index, are Cocoa Beans (0.06), Raw Cotton (0.058), Niobium, Tantalum, Vanadium and Zirconium Ore (0.055), Manganese Ore (0.055), and Tropical Fruits (0.054). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Niger is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Niger. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Niger exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 20 years Niger's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨nullth to the 95th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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