Overview In 2022, Niger was the number 134 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 136 in total exports, the number 155 in total imports, the number 181 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 97 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) .

Exports The top exports of Niger are Gold ($2.35B), Other Oily Seeds ($291M), Radioactive Chemicals ($150M), Refined Petroleum ($139M), and Uranium and Thorium Ore ($135M), exporting mostly to United Arab Emirates ($2.23B), France ($291M), China ($290M), Nigeria ($91.6M), and Mali ($79.3M).

Imports The top imports of Niger are Weapons Parts and Accessories ($340M), Rice ($278M), Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($185M), Rolled Tobacco ($131M), and Other Large Iron Pipes ($89.5M), importing mostly from China ($783M), France ($491M), Nigeria ($287M), Germany ($186M), and United Arab Emirates ($185M).

Location Niger borders Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Libya, Mali, and Nigeria by land.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade


The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Niger.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

* Trade values are converted to USD using each month's exchange rate. For December 2023 data, the exchange rate from December 30, 2023 is used.

Subscribe today to OEC pro and access the latest data

Sign Up

Latest Data


The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Subscribe today to OEC pro and access the latest data

Sign Up

Subscribe today to OEC pro and access the latest data

Sign Up

Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Top Export (2022)Gold$2.35B
Top Destination (2022)United Arab Emirates$2.23B

In 2022, Niger exported a total of $3.24B, making it the number 136 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Niger have changed by $2.13B from $1.11B in 2017 to $3.24B in 2022.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($2.35B), Other Oily Seeds ($291M), Radioactive Chemicals ($150M), Refined Petroleum ($139M), and Uranium and Thorium Ore ($135M). The most common destination for the exports of Niger are United Arab Emirates ($2.23B), France ($291M), China ($290M), Nigeria ($91.6M), and Mali ($79.3M).

Explore Visualizations

Exports (2022)
[Click to Select a Product]

Destinations (2022)
[Click to Select a Country]

Market Growth

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2021 - 2022)
France$93.6M (+ 47.3%)
India$68.9M (+ 1.44k%)
Turkey$17.5M (+ 160%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2021 - 2022)
France$277M (+ 130%)
China$275M (+ 54%)
Germany$131M (+ 242%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2021 - 2022)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Niger Exports Services (2013)$115M
Niger Imports Services (2013)$959M

In 2013, Niger exported $115M worth of services. The top services exported by Niger in 2013 were Travel ($87.8M), Transportation ($7.32M), Other business services ($7.16M), Government services, n.i.e. ($5.24M), and Financial services ($3.99M).

The top services imported by Niger in 2013 were Transportation ($658M), Communications services ($69.4M), Construction services ($68M), Other business services ($64.9M), and Travel ($63.3M).

Service Exports (2013)

Service Imports (2013)

Economic Complexity

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Niger has a high level of specialization in Uranium and Thorium Ore (1.51k), Other Oily Seeds (332), Radioactive Chemicals (72.4), Gold (36), and Onions (17.3). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Niger observed and expected exports in each product.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Niger according to the relatedness index, were Cocoa Shells (0.052), Manganese Ore (0.05), Cocoa Beans (0.046), Raw Cotton (0.043), and Coconuts, Brazil Nuts, and Cashews (0.041). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Niger is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Niger. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Niger exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Relatedness Space (2022)

Diversification Frontier


The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking


During the last 20 years Niger's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨nullth to the 97th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

Explore Rankings

ECI (Trade) Ranking by Country

Have questions, comments, or concerns?
Send us an e-mail: [email protected]
Follow @OECtoday on
Created, Designed, and Developed by:
In collaboration with