Overview: In 2019 Niger was the number 132 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 160 in total exports, the number 167 in total imports, the number 179 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 98 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports: The top exports of Niger are Gold ($457M), Other Oily Seeds ($214M), Radioactive Chemicals ($59.6M), Petroleum Gas ($42.5M), and Refined Petroleum ($19.2M), exporting mostly to United Arab Emirates ($459M), China ($209M), France ($57.3M), Pakistan ($42.5M), and Burkina Faso ($20M).

Imports: The top imports of Niger are Rice ($66.4M), Packaged Medicaments ($64.8M), Palm Oil ($62.8M), Cars ($54.6M), and Cement ($44.1M), importing mostly from China ($289M), France ($141M), United Arab Emirates ($107M), Cote d'Ivoire ($95.9M), and India ($85.5M).

Location: Niger borders Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Libya, Mali, and Nigeria by land.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Value
Depth

Top Export (2019): Gold, $457M

Top Destination (2019): United Arab Emirates, $459M

In 2019, Niger exported a total of $852M, making it the number 160 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Niger have changed by -$443M from $1.3B in 2014 to $852M in 2019.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($457M), Other Oily Seeds ($214M), Radioactive Chemicals ($59.6M), Petroleum Gas ($42.5M), and Refined Petroleum ($19.2M). The most common destination for the exports of Niger are United Arab Emirates ($459M), China ($209M), France ($57.3M), Pakistan ($42.5M), and Burkina Faso ($20M).

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Yearly Imports

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Value
Depth

Top Import (2019): Rice, $66.4M

Top Origin (2019): China, $289M

In 2019 Niger imported $1.55B, making it the number 167 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Niger changed by -$885M from $2.43B in 2014 to $1.55B in 2019.

The most recent imports of Niger are led by Rice ($66.4M), Packaged Medicaments ($64.8M), Palm Oil ($62.8M), Cars ($54.6M), and Cement ($44.1M). The most common import partners for Niger are China ($289M), France ($141M), United Arab Emirates ($107M), Cote d'Ivoire ($95.9M), and India ($85.5M).

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Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2018 - 2019)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2018 - 2019)

Niger Exports Services (2013): $115M

Niger Imports Services (2013): $959M

In 2013, Niger exported $115M worth of services. The top services exported by Niger in 2013 were Travel ($87.8M), Transportation ($7.32M), Other business services ($7.16M), Government services, n.i.e. ($5.24M), and Financial services ($3.99M).

The top services imported by Niger in 2013 were Transportation ($658M), Communications services ($69.4M), Construction services ($68M), Other business services ($64.9M), and Travel ($63.3M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Niger are Birds' eggs, in shell: fresh, not for incubation, of fowls of the species Gallus domesticus (domestic hens) (35%) and Birds' eggs, in shell: fresh, not for incubation, other than fowls of the species Gallus domesticus (domestic hens) (35%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Niger are:
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
323: Preferential tariff for UEMOA (French: Union Economique et Monétaire Ouest-Africaine)

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Niger has a high level of specialization in Other Oily Seeds (811), Radioactive Chemicals (115), Onions (50.9), Gold (28.5), and Cassava (28.2). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Niger observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Niger according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Interchangeable tools and dies for hand or power tools (1.79), Equipment to project, disperse or spray liquid, powder (0.93), Acyclic hydrocarbons (0.49), Copper powders and flakes (0.43), and Mixed alkylbenzenes and mixed alkylnaphthalenes, nes (0.26). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Niger according to the relatedness index, are Crude Petroleum (0.062), Raw Cotton (0.053), Ground Nuts (0.05), Niobium, Tantalum, Vanadium and Zirconium Ore (0.049), and Tropical Fruits (0.049). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Niger is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Niger. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Niger exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

During the last 7 years Niger's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively más complex, moving from the ⁩⁨103rd to the 98th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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