Overview In 2020 Mali was the number 117 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 113 in total exports, the number 141 in total imports, the number 176 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 103 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Mali are Gold ($4.74B), Other Oily Seeds ($67.8M), Rough Wood ($53.5M), Raw Cotton ($45.9M), and Mixed Mineral or Chemical Fertilizers ($36.4M), exporting mostly to United Arab Emirates ($2.95B), Switzerland ($1.5B), Australia ($284M), China ($153M), and Burkina Faso ($41.7M).

Imports The top imports of Mali are Refined Petroleum ($530M), Light Pure Woven Cotton ($218M), Packaged Medicaments ($184M), Cement ($138M), and Cars ($138M), importing mostly from Senegal ($825M), China ($468M), France ($401M), United Arab Emirates ($234M), and Austria ($171M).

Location Mali borders Algeria, Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Guinea, Mauritania, Niger, and Senegal by land.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Mali.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Top Export (2020): Gold, $4.74B

Top Destination (2020): United Arab Emirates, $2.95B

In 2020, Mali exported a total of $5.05B, making it the number 113 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Mali have changed by $1.48B from $3.58B in 2015 to $5.05B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($4.74B), Other Oily Seeds ($67.8M), Rough Wood ($53.5M), Raw Cotton ($45.9M), and Mixed Mineral or Chemical Fertilizers ($36.4M). The most common destination for the exports of Mali are United Arab Emirates ($2.95B), Switzerland ($1.5B), Australia ($284M), China ($153M), and Burkina Faso ($41.7M).

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Yearly Imports

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Top Import (2020): Refined Petroleum, $530M

Top Origin (2020): Senegal, $825M

In 2020 Mali imported $3.86B, making it the number 141 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Mali changed by $618M from $3.25B in 2015 to $3.86B in 2020.

The most recent imports of Mali are led by Refined Petroleum ($530M), Light Pure Woven Cotton ($218M), Packaged Medicaments ($184M), Cement ($138M), and Cars ($138M). The most common import partners for Mali are Senegal ($825M), China ($468M), France ($401M), United Arab Emirates ($234M), and Austria ($171M).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Mali Exports Services (2014): $177M

Mali Imports Services (2014): $1.99B

In 2014, Mali exported $177M worth of services. The top services exported by Mali in 2014 were Business travel ($112M), Government services, n.i.e. ($51.6M), Financial services ($6.3M), Transportation ($3.9M), and Other business services ($1.7M).

The top services imported by Mali in 2014 were Government services, n.i.e. ($1B), Transportation ($702M), Other business services ($93.7M), Business travel ($79.8M), and Construction services ($69.2M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Mali are Birds' eggs, in shell: fresh, not for incubation, of fowls of the species Gallus domesticus (domestic hens) (35%)and Birds' eggs, in shell: fresh, not for incubation, other than fowls of the species Gallus domesticus (domestic hens) (35%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Mali are:
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
204: Preferential tariff for Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Mali has a high level of specialization in Insect Resins (43), Other Oily Seeds (39.5), Gold (37.2), Rough Wood (13.4), and Raw Cotton (10.7). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Mali observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Mali according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Jams, jellies, marmalades, fruit, nut pastes, purees (-0.67), Fertilizer mixtures in packs of < 10kg (-0.89), Oil-cake other than soya-bean or groundnut (-0.9), Wood in the rough or roughly squared (-1.32), and Dates, figs, pineapple, avocado, guava, fresh or dried (-1.67). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Mali according to the relatedness index, are Cocoa Beans (0.042), Palm Oil (0.036), Niobium, Tantalum, Vanadium and Zirconium Ore (0.035), Ground Nuts (0.032), and Raw Sugar (0.031). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Mali is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Mali. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Mali exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 12 years Mali's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨91st to the 103rd⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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