Overview In 2022 Maldives was the number 166 economy in the world in terms of total exports and the number 153 in total imports.

Exports The top exports of Maldives are Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($433M), Non-fillet Frozen Fish ($94.4M), Petroleum Gas ($40.5M), Processed Fish ($35M), and Fish Fillets ($23.3M), exporting mostly to India ($488M), Thailand ($79.4M), Germany ($17.5M), Oman ($14.3M), and United Kingdom ($14M).

Imports The top imports of Maldives are Refined Petroleum ($499M), Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($112M), Broadcasting Equipment ($87.6M), Petroleum Gas ($79M), and Raw Iron Bars ($62.1M), importing mostly from India ($584M), China ($552M), United Arab Emirates ($343M), Oman ($320M), and Malaysia ($226M).

Location Maldives borders India, Sri Lanka, and British Indian Ocean Territory by sea.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade


The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Maldives.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

* Trade values are converted to USD using each month's exchange rate. For December 2023 data, the exchange rate from December 30, 2023 is used.

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Latest Data


The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Top Destination (2022)India$488M

In 2022, Maldives exported a total of $689M, making it the number 166 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Maldives have changed by $309M from $381M in 2017 to $689M in 2022.

The most recent exports are led by Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($433M), Non-fillet Frozen Fish ($94.4M), Petroleum Gas ($40.5M), Processed Fish ($35M), and Fish Fillets ($23.3M). The most common destination for the exports of Maldives are India ($488M), Thailand ($79.4M), Germany ($17.5M), Oman ($14.3M), and United Kingdom ($14M).

Explore Visualizations

Exports (2022)
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Destinations (2022)
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Market Growth

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2021 - 2022)
India$434M (+ 811%)
Thailand$11.4M (+ 16.8%)
Oman$11.4M (+ 399%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2021 - 2022)
China$168M (+ 43.8%)
India$144M (+ 32.8%)
France$96.8M (+ 325%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2021 - 2022)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Maldives Exports Services (2017)$3.15B
Maldives Imports Services (2017)$1.3B

In 2017, Maldives exported $3.15B worth of services. The top services exported by Maldives in 2017 were Personal travel ($2.74B), Air transport ($273M), Telecommunications services ($98.8M), Sea transport ($17.1M), and Construction in the compiling economy ($9.55M).

The top services imported by Maldives in 2017 were Air transport ($332M), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($308M), Personal travel ($288M), Construction in the compiling economy ($154M), and Telecommunications services ($74.4M).

Service Exports (2017)

Service Imports (2017)

Economic Complexity

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Maldives has a high level of specialization in Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft (130), Non-fillet Frozen Fish (115), Processed Fish (60.2), Fish Fillets (25.5), and Fish: dried, salted, smoked or in brine (20). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Maldives observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

The highest complexity exports of Maldives according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Machine-tools; (including way-type unit head machines) for drilling, boring, milling, threading or... (1.17), Aircraft n.e.c. in heading no. 8801 (e.g. helicopters, aeroplanes); spacecraft (including satellites)... (0.45), Yachts and other vessels; for pleasure or sports, rowing boats and canoes (0.24), Fish; live (-0.47), and Ferrous waste and scrap; remelting scrap ingots of iron or steel (-0.52). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Maldives according to the relatedness index, were Crustaceans (0.045), Gold (0.036), Fish oil (0.035), Scrap Aluminium (0.034), and Crude Petroleum (0.033). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Maldives is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Maldives. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Maldives exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Relatedness Space (2022)

Diversification Frontier


The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

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