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Overview In 2022 Latvia was the number 75 economy in the world in terms of total exports and the number 77 in total imports.

Exports The top exports of Latvia are Sawn Wood ($1.25B), Wheat ($1.22B), Petroleum Gas ($1.17B), Electricity ($843M), and Fuel Wood ($712M), exporting mostly to Lithuania ($4.09B), Estonia ($2.26B), Germany ($1.44B), Russia ($1.26B), and Sweden ($1.19B).

Imports The top imports of Latvia are Petroleum Gas ($2.46B), Refined Petroleum ($1.57B), Electricity ($1.47B), Cars ($788M), and Packaged Medicaments ($714M), importing mostly from Lithuania ($6.18B), Estonia ($2.77B), Germany ($2.49B), Poland ($2.48B), and Russia ($1.77B).

Location Latvia borders Belarus, Estonia, Lithuania, and Russia by land and Sweden by sea.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade

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Y-AXIS SCALE

The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Latvia.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

* Trade values are converted to USD using each month's exchange rate. For December 2023 data, the exchange rate from December 30, 2023 is used.

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Latest Data

Flow
Color
Depth

The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Flow
Color
Depth
Top Export (2022)Sawn Wood$1.25B
Top Destination (2022)Lithuania$4.09B

In 2022, Latvia exported a total of $22.9B, making it the number 75 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Latvia have changed by $8.91B from $14B in 2017 to $22.9B in 2022.

The most recent exports are led by Sawn Wood ($1.25B), Wheat ($1.22B), Petroleum Gas ($1.17B), Electricity ($843M), and Fuel Wood ($712M). The most common destination for the exports of Latvia are Lithuania ($4.09B), Estonia ($2.26B), Germany ($1.44B), Russia ($1.26B), and Sweden ($1.19B).

Explore Visualizations

Exports (2022)
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Destinations (2022)
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Market Growth

Flow
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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2021 - 2022)
Lithuania$612M (+ 17.6%)
Finland$579M (+ 120%)
Estonia$462M (+ 25.7%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2021 - 2022)
Lithuania$2.55B (+ 70.1%)
Estonia$825M (+ 42.4%)
Poland$416M (+ 20.1%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2021 - 2022)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Latvia Exports Services (2020)$4.46B
Latvia Imports Services (2020)$2.83B

In 2020, Latvia exported $4.46B worth of services. The top services exported by Latvia in 2020 were Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($1.2B), Other transport ($1.15B), Construction abroad ($348M), Personal travel ($342M), and Telecommunications services ($311M).

The top services imported by Latvia in 2020 were Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($1.06B), Other transport ($412M), Personal travel ($246M), Air transport ($230M), and Sea transport ($152M).

Service Exports (2020)

Service Imports (2020)

Economic Complexity

Overview

Economic Complexity (Technology)-0.15Rank 53 of 96
Economic Complexity (Research)-1.35Rank 131 of 135

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Latvia has a high level of specialization in Peat (174), Vermouth (74.8), Densified Wood (71), Rye (64.8), and Fuel Wood (51.9). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Latvia observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

The highest complexity exports of Latvia according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Watch movements; complete and assembled (1.78), Navigational instruments and appliances; direction finding compasses (1.45), Photographic plates and film in the flat, sensitised, unexposed, of any material... (1.45), Weaving machines (looms) (1.39), and Musical instrument parts (for example, mechanisms for musical boxes) and accessories (for... (1.36). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Latvia according to the relatedness index, were Other Vegetables (0.34), Gravel and Crushed Stone (0.33), Raw Iron Bars (0.33), Water (0.33), and Insulated Wire (0.32). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Latvia is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Latvia. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Latvia exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Relatedness Space (2022)

Diversification Frontier

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Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Diversification Frontier

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