Overview In 2019 Kyrgyzstan was the number 142 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 134 in total exports, the number 106 in total imports, the number 157 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 75 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Kyrgyzstan are Gold ($1.63B), Precious Metal Ore ($161M), Dried Legumes ($79.5M), Refined Petroleum ($75.6M), and Scrap Copper ($63.8M), exporting mostly to United Kingdom ($1.63B), Kazakhstan ($374M), Russia ($369M), Uzbekistan ($140M), and Turkey ($87M).

Imports The top imports of Kyrgyzstan are Refined Petroleum ($632M), Rubber Footwear ($488M), Non-Knit Women's Coats ($353M), Knit Sweaters ($276M), and Non-Knit Men's Suits ($267M), importing mostly from China ($5.1B), Russia ($1.62B), Kazakhstan ($637M), Uzbekistan ($635M), and Turkey ($440M).

Location Kyrgyzstan borders China, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan by land.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Top Export (2019): Gold, $1.63B

Top Destination (2019): United Kingdom, $1.63B

In 2019, Kyrgyzstan exported a total of $2.93B, making it the number 134 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Kyrgyzstan have changed by $982M from $1.95B in 2014 to $2.93B in 2019.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($1.63B), Precious Metal Ore ($161M), Dried Legumes ($79.5M), Refined Petroleum ($75.6M), and Scrap Copper ($63.8M). The most common destination for the exports of Kyrgyzstan are United Kingdom ($1.63B), Kazakhstan ($374M), Russia ($369M), Uzbekistan ($140M), and Turkey ($87M).

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Yearly Imports

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Top Import (2019): Refined Petroleum, $632M

Top Origin (2019): China, $5.1B

In 2019 Kyrgyzstan imported $9.58B, making it the number 106 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Kyrgyzstan changed by $757M from $8.83B in 2014 to $9.58B in 2019.

The most recent imports of Kyrgyzstan are led by Refined Petroleum ($632M), Rubber Footwear ($488M), Non-Knit Women's Coats ($353M), Knit Sweaters ($276M), and Non-Knit Men's Suits ($267M). The most common import partners for Kyrgyzstan are China ($5.1B), Russia ($1.62B), Kazakhstan ($637M), Uzbekistan ($635M), and Turkey ($440M).

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Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2018 - 2019)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2018 - 2019)

Kyrgyzstan Exports Services (2019): $1.08B

Kyrgyzstan Imports Services (2019): $1.02B

In 2019, Kyrgyzstan exported $1.08B worth of services. The top services exported by Kyrgyzstan in 2019 were Personal travel ($367M), Business travel ($277M), Transportation ($270M), Personal, cultural, and recreational services ($79.8M), and Other business services ($49M).

The top services imported by Kyrgyzstan in 2019 were Transportation ($454M), Business travel ($207M), Personal travel ($184M), Personal, cultural, and recreational services ($54.9M), and Other business services ($46.1M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Kyrgyzstan are Ethyl alcohol and other spirits, denatured (100%) and Undenatured ethyl alcohol > 80% by volume (100%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Kyrgyzstan are:
120: Customs Union of the member states of the Eurasian Economic Union: Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia, enlarged in 2015 to include Armenia and Kyrgyzstan
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
155: Preferential tariff among Developing Countries
190: Preferential tariff for Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries
254: Preferential tariff for Least Developed Countries
333: Preferential tariff for Vietnam

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Kyrgyzstan has a high level of specialization in Precious Metal Ore (138), Other Locomotives (51.7), Knit Women's Shirts (51.4), Dried Legumes (50.7), and Glass Working Machines (36). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Kyrgyzstan observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Kyrgyzstan according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Machines for hot working of glass, light bulbs, etc (1.67), Glass mirrors, whether or not framed (1.29), Heterocyclics, nitrogen hetero atom only, nucleic acid (1.06), Electric filament, discharge lamps (1.02), and Harvesting, produce cleaning and grading machinery (0.9). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Kyrgyzstan according to the relatedness index, are Other Oily Seeds (0.16), Other Vegetables (0.16), Knit T-shirts (0.16), Tropical Fruits (0.16), and Melons (0.16). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Kyrgyzstan is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Kyrgyzstan. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Kyrgyzstan exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 11 years Kyrgyzstan's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨66th to the 75th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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