Overview: In 2018 Ghana was the number 73 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 71 in total exports, the number 84 in total imports, and the number 125 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI). In 2018, Ghana exported $20.5B and imported $14.9B, resulting in a positive trade balance of $5.64B. In 2018, Ghana's exports per capita were $689 and its imports per capita were $499.
Trade: The top exports of Ghana are Gold ($10B), Crude Petroleum ($4.65B), Cocoa Beans ($1.78B), Cocoa Paste ($489M), and Coconuts, Brazil Nuts, and Cashews ($424M). The top imports of Ghana are Refined Petroleum ($738M), Cars ($466M), Rice ($425M), Non-fillet Frozen Fish ($303M), and Delivery Trucks ($274M).
Destinations: Ghana exports mostly to India ($5.18B), Switzerland ($3.33B), China ($2.25B), South Africa ($1.6B), and United Arab Emirates ($1.17B), and imports mostly from China ($4.36B), United States ($810M), Netherlands ($745M), India ($738M), and United Kingdom ($559M).
Location: Ghana borders Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, and Togo by land and Benin and Nigeria by sea.