Overview In 2020 Estonia was the number 73 economy in the world in terms of total exports and the number 74 in total imports.

Exports The top exports of Estonia are Broadcasting Equipment ($1.2B), Refined Petroleum ($581M), Coal Tar Oil ($553M), Cars ($475M), and Prefabricated Buildings ($443M), exporting mostly to Finland ($2.24B), Sweden ($1.53B), Russia ($1.4B), Latvia ($1.37B), and United States ($1.34B).

Imports The top imports of Estonia are Refined Petroleum ($1.19B), Cars ($1.07B), Packaged Medicaments ($476M), Broadcasting Equipment ($431M), and Sawn Wood ($359M), importing mostly from Russia ($2.28B), Germany ($2.02B), Finland ($1.78B), Latvia ($1.59B), and Lithuania ($1.33B).

Location Estonia borders Latvia and Russia by land and Finland and Sweden by sea.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Estonia.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Top Export (2020): Broadcasting Equipment, $1.2B

Top Destination (2020): Finland, $2.28B

In 2020, Estonia exported a total of $16.8B, making it the number 73 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Estonia have changed by $2.56B from $14.2B in 2015 to $16.8B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Broadcasting Equipment ($1.2B), Refined Petroleum ($581M), Coal Tar Oil ($553M), Cars ($475M), and Prefabricated Buildings ($443M). The most common destination for the exports of Estonia are Finland ($2.24B), Sweden ($1.53B), Russia ($1.4B), Latvia ($1.37B), and United States ($1.34B).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Estonia Exports Services (2017): $6.31B

Estonia Imports Services (2017): $4.49B

In 2017, Estonia exported $6.31B worth of services. The top services exported by Estonia in 2017 were Transportation ($2.02B), Travel ($1.63B), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($1.22B), Computer and information services ($723M), and Construction services ($472M).

The top services imported by Estonia in 2017 were Transportation ($1.57B), Travel ($1.24B), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($889M), Computer and information services ($428M), and Construction services ($149M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Estonia are Vermouth and other flavoured grape wines - pack > 2l (72.3k%) and Vermouth and other flavoured grape wines - pack > 2l (50.6k%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Estonia are:
109: Caribbean Forum (CARIFORUM) - European Union Economic Partnership Agreements (EPA)
119: Customs Union between EU and Turkey
121: Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) between the EU and the Southern African Development Community (SADC) EPA Group
124: European Union GSP for Least Developed Countries
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
160: Preferential tariff for Albania
161: Preferential tariff for Algeria
162: Preferential tariff for Andorra
172: Preferential tariff for Bosnia and Herzegovina
177: Preferential tariff for Cameroon
181: Preferential tariff for Central American Common Market CACM (Spanish: Mercado Común Centroamericano MCCA) Central American Integration System SICA
182: Preferential tariff for Chile
189: Preferential tariff for Colombia
205: Preferential tariff for Ecuador
206: Preferential tariff for Egypt
209: Preferential tariff for EPA countries
218: Preferential tariff for European Union countries
222: Preferential tariff for Faroe Islands
223: Preferential tariff for Fiji
224: Preferential tariff for for occupied Palestinian territory
226: Preferential tariff for Georgia
227: Preferential tariff for Ghana
238: Preferential tariff for Iceland
239: Preferential tariff for India
244: Preferential tariff for Israel
247: Preferential tariff for Jordan
249: Preferential tariff for Korea, Republic of
255: Preferential tariff for Lebanon
258: Preferential tariff for Liechtenstein
270: Preferential tariff for Mexico
272: Preferential tariff for Montenegro
273: Preferential tariff for Morocco
281: Preferential tariff for Norway
283: Preferential tariff for Overseas Countries and Territories
284: Preferential tariff for Pakistan
287: Preferential tariff for Papua New Guinea
289: Preferential tariff for Peru
293: Preferential tariff for San Marino
295: Preferential tariff for Selected Eastern and Southern African countries(Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and Zimbabwe)
302: Preferential tariff for South Africa
306: Preferential tariff for Switzerland
308: Preferential tariff for Syria
318: Preferential tariff for the republic of Moldova
321: Preferential tariff for Tunisia
325: Preferential tariff for Ukraine
341: Preferential tariffs for countries benefiting from the special incentive arrangement for sustainable development and good governance
398: Preferential tariff for Samoa
399: Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA)

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Estonia has a high level of specialization in Peat (65.4), Prefabricated Buildings (50.8), Shaped Wood (44.5), Semi chemical Woodpulp (43.7), and Coal Tar Oil (27.2). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Estonia observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Estonia according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Instruments to check or measure electricity, radiation (1.83), Equipment for physical and chemical analysis (1.75), Lathes for removing metal (1.68), Ion exchangers based on polymers in primary forms (1.65), and Equipment using X-rays, alpha, beta, gamma rays (1.61). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Estonia according to the relatedness index, are Animal Food (0.33), Other Edible Preparations (0.33), Chocolate (0.33), Rolled Tobacco (0.33), and Bran (0.33). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Estonia is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Estonia. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Estonia exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.