Overview In 2021, Ecuador was the number 64 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 68 in total exports, the number 74 in total imports, the number 111 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 104 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) .

Exports The top exports of Ecuador are Crude Petroleum ($7.44B), Crustaceans ($5.33B), Bananas ($3.67B), Refined Petroleum ($1.37B), and Processed Fish ($1.27B), exporting mostly to United States ($6.5B), China ($4.03B), Panama ($3.95B), Chile ($1.13B), and Russia ($1.01B).

In 2021, Ecuador was the world's biggest exporter of Crustaceans ($5.33B) and Bananas ($3.67B)

Imports The top imports of Ecuador are Refined Petroleum ($2.74B), Coal Tar Oil ($1.14B), Cars ($878M), Packaged Medicaments ($619M), and Petroleum Gas ($604M), importing mostly from China ($5.94B), United States ($5.16B), Colombia ($1.79B), South Korea ($1.09B), and Peru ($933M).

Location Ecuador borders Colombia and Peru by land and Costa Rica by sea.

Latest Trends

December, 2021

Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Top Export (2021)Crude Petroleum$7.44B
Top Destination (2021)United States$6.5B

In 2021, Ecuador exported a total of $27.3B, making it the number 68 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Ecuador have changed by $9.78B from $17.5B in 2016 to $27.3B in 2021.

The most recent exports are led by Crude Petroleum ($7.44B), Crustaceans ($5.33B), Bananas ($3.67B), Refined Petroleum ($1.37B), and Processed Fish ($1.27B). The most common destination for the exports of Ecuador are United States ($6.5B), China ($4.03B), Panama ($3.95B), Chile ($1.13B), and Russia ($1.01B).

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Exports (2021)
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Destinations (2021)
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Market Growth

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2020 - 2021)
United States$1.7B (+ 35.3%)
Panama$1.52B (+ 62.7%)
China$961M (+ 31.3%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2020 - 2021)
China$2.12B (+ 55.4%)
United States$1.05B (+ 25.5%)
South Korea$688M (+ 171%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2020 - 2021)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Ecuador Exports Services (2020)$1.66B
Ecuador Imports Services (2020)$2.52B

In 2020, Ecuador exported $1.66B worth of services. The top services exported by Ecuador in 2020 were Personal travel ($589M), Sea transport ($589M), Other government services ($117M), Business travel ($113M), and Financial services ($74.8M).

The top services imported by Ecuador in 2020 were Sea transport ($764M), Personal travel ($367M), Reinsurance ($357M), Air transport ($305M), and Financial services ($155M).

Service Exports (2020)

Service Imports (2020)

Economic Complexity


Economic Complexity (Trade)-0.89Rank 104 of 131
Economic Complexity (Technology)-0.87Rank 71 of 96
Economic Complexity (Research)-0.37Rank 86 of 140

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Ecuador has a high level of specialization in Bananas (208), Crustaceans (124), Cut Flowers (68.8), Cocoa Beans (67.4), and Processed Fish (49.6). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Ecuador observed and expected exports in each product.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Ecuador according to the relatedness index, were Coconut Oil (0.13), Manganese Ore (0.12), Raw Sugar (0.12), Other Oily Seeds (0.12), and Insect Resins (0.12). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Ecuador is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Ecuador. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Ecuador exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier


The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking


During the last 20 years Ecuador's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨78th to the 104th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

Explore Rankings

ECI (Trade) Ranking by Country

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