Overview In 2021, Algeria was the number 57 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 63 in total exports, the number 66 in total imports, the number 141 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 103 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) .

Exports The top exports of Algeria are Petroleum Gas ($14.3B), Crude Petroleum ($10.7B), Refined Petroleum ($6.23B), Nitrogenous Fertilizers ($1.21B), and Ammonia ($714M), exporting mostly to Italy ($7.32B), Spain ($5.06B), France ($4.6B), South Korea ($1.68B), and United States ($1.68B).

Imports The top imports of Algeria are Wheat ($2.2B), Concentrated Milk ($1.27B), Cars ($800M), Soybean Oil ($798M), and Corn ($795M), importing mostly from China ($6.34B), France ($4.35B), Spain ($2.19B), Germany ($2.16B), and Italy ($2.07B).

Location Algeria borders Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, and Tunisia by land and Italy and Spain by sea.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade


The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Algeria.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Latest Data


The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Subscribe today to OEC pro and access the latest data

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Top Export (2021)Petroleum Gas$14.3B
Top Destination (2021)Italy$7.32B

In 2021, Algeria exported a total of $35.4B, making it the number 63 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Algeria have changed by $3.37B from $32B in 2016 to $35.4B in 2021.

The most recent exports are led by Petroleum Gas ($14.3B), Crude Petroleum ($10.7B), Refined Petroleum ($6.23B), Nitrogenous Fertilizers ($1.21B), and Ammonia ($714M). The most common destination for the exports of Algeria are Italy ($7.32B), Spain ($5.06B), France ($4.6B), South Korea ($1.68B), and United States ($1.68B).

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Exports (2021)
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Destinations (2021)
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Market Growth

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2020 - 2021)
Italy$3.73B (+ 104%)
Spain$2.47B (+ 94.9%)
France$1.81B (+ 64.7%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2020 - 2021)
China$746M (+ 13.3%)
Russia$571M (+ 62.9%)
Canada$408M (+ 90%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2020 - 2021)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Algeria Exports Services (2016)$2.95B
Algeria Imports Services (2016)$10.4B

In 2016, Algeria exported $2.95B worth of services. The top services exported by Algeria in 2016 were Other business services ($1.49B), Transportation ($672M), Government services, n.i.e. ($290M), Personal travel ($209M), and Construction services ($202M).

The top services imported by Algeria in 2016 were Transportation ($3.61B), Other business services ($3.23B), Construction services ($2.28B), Government services, n.i.e. ($485M), and Personal travel ($443M).

Service Exports (2016)

Service Imports (2016)

Economic Complexity


Economic Complexity (Trade)-0.88Rank 103 of 131
Economic Complexity (Technology)-0.85Rank 69 of 96
Economic Complexity (Research)-0.67Rank 103 of 140

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Algeria has a high level of specialization in Ammonia (40.9), Calcium Phosphates (20.6), Nitrogenous Fertilizers (19.6), Petroleum Gas (19.4), and Locust beans, seaweed, sugar beet, cane, for food (11.3). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Algeria observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

The highest complexity exports of Algeria according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Household or laundry-type washing machines; including machines which both wash and dry (0.23), Hydrogen, rare gases and other non-metals (0.1), Waste and scrap of paper and paperboard (-0.084), Plaster or compositions based on plaster; articles thereof (-0.25), and Glass; float glass and surface ground or polished glass, in sheets, whether... (-0.3). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Algeria according to the relatedness index, were Sulphur (0.045), Gold (0.045), Raw Cotton (0.043), Raw Aluminium (0.039), and Insect Resins (0.039). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Algeria is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Algeria. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Algeria exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier


The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking


During the last 20 years Algeria's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨80th to the 103rd⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

Explore Rankings

ECI (Trade) Ranking by Country

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