Overview In 2022, Costa Rica was the number 83 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 82 in total exports, the number 84 in total imports, the number 66 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 48 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) .

Exports The top exports of Costa Rica are Medical Instruments ($4.56B), Orthopedic Appliances ($1.41B), Bananas ($1.22B), Tropical Fruits ($1.16B), and Other Edible Preparations ($676M), exporting mostly to United States ($6.83B), Netherlands ($1.22B), Guatemala ($821M), Belgium ($775M), and Nicaragua ($593M).

Imports The top imports of Costa Rica are Refined Petroleum ($2.16B), Medical Instruments ($737M), Cars ($663M), Broadcasting Equipment ($551M), and Integrated Circuits ($512M), importing mostly from United States ($8.09B), China ($3.01B), Mexico ($1.03B), Guatemala ($641M), and Brazil ($558M).

Location Costa Rica borders Nicaragua and Panama by land and Colombia and Ecuador by sea.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade


The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Costa Rica.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

* Trade values are converted to USD using each month's exchange rate. For December 2023 data, the exchange rate from December 30, 2023 is used.

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Latest Data


The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Top Export (2022)Medical Instruments$4.56B
Top Destination (2022)United States$6.83B

In 2022, Costa Rica exported a total of $17.2B, making it the number 82 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Costa Rica have changed by $4.5B from $12.7B in 2017 to $17.2B in 2022.

The most recent exports are led by Medical Instruments ($4.56B), Orthopedic Appliances ($1.41B), Bananas ($1.22B), Tropical Fruits ($1.16B), and Other Edible Preparations ($676M). The most common destination for the exports of Costa Rica are United States ($6.83B), Netherlands ($1.22B), Guatemala ($821M), Belgium ($775M), and Nicaragua ($593M).

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Exports (2022)
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Destinations (2022)
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Market Growth

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2021 - 2022)
United States$502M (+ 7.93%)
Guatemala$92.8M (+ 12.8%)
United Kingdom$83.9M (+ 33.4%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2021 - 2022)
United States$1.21B (+ 17.6%)
China$224M (+ 8.03%)
Brazil$212M (+ 61.1%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2021 - 2022)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Costa Rica Exports Services (2019)$9.38B
Costa Rica Imports Services (2019)$4.18B

In 2019, Costa Rica exported $9.38B worth of services. The top services exported by Costa Rica in 2019 were Personal travel ($3.66B), Other business services ($3.41B), Computer and information services ($1.33B), Transportation ($496M), and Business travel ($353M).

The top services imported by Costa Rica in 2019 were Transportation ($1.2B), Personal travel ($677M), Royalties and license fees ($593M), Other business services ($451M), and Business travel ($411M).

Service Exports (2019)

Service Imports (2019)

Economic Complexity


Economic Complexity (Trade)0.31Rank 48 of 124
Economic Complexity (Technology)-0.72Rank 67 of 96
Economic Complexity (Research)-0.48Rank 82 of 135

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Costa Rica has a high level of specialization in Bananas (124), Tropical Fruits (99.9), Medical Instruments (40), Cassava (36.2), and Plant foliage (30.5). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Costa Rica observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

The highest complexity exports of Costa Rica according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Prepared culture media for the development or maintenance of micro-organisms (including viruses... (1.32), Textile fabrics impregnated, coated, covered or laminated with plastics, other than those... (1.25), Nickel; articles thereof n.e.c. in chapter 75 (1.25), Nickel; bars, rods, profiles and wire (1.22), and Orthopaedic appliances; including crutches, surgical belts and trusses; splints and other fracture... (1.14). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Costa Rica according to the relatedness index, were Cocoa Beans (0.22), Gold (0.22), Beer (0.22), Legumes (0.21), and Non-fillet Frozen Fish (0.21). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Costa Rica is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Costa Rica. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Costa Rica exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier


The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking


During the last 20 years Costa Rica's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively more complex, moving from the ⁩⁨50th to the 48th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

Explore Rankings

ECI (Trade) Ranking by Country

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