Flag Afghanistan

Econ Complexity (2018): -0.8, Rank 105 of 137

Product Exports (2018): $1.27B, Rank 141 of 222

Exports Per Capita (2018): $34.2, Rank 48 of 219

Product Imports (2018): $10B, Rank 103 of 221

Imports Per Capita (2018): $269, Rank 31 of 219

Service Exports (2015): $649M, Rank 128 of 170

Service Imports (2015): $1.48B, Rank 111 of 170

GDP (2018): $19.4B, CURRENT US$
Rank 115 of 196

GDP growth (2008 - 2018): 91.5%, CURRENT US$
Rank 37 of 196

GDP PC (2018): $521, CURRENT US$
Rank 190 of 196

GDP PC GROWTH (2008 - 2018): 42.8%, CURRENT US$
Rank 54 of 196

Overview: This page contains the latest international trade data for Afghanistan, including service trade data, and tariffs. In 2018 Afghanistan was the number 115 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 141 in total exports, the number 103 in total imports, and the number 105 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI). In 2018, Afghanistan exported $1.27B and imported $10B, resulting in a negative trade balance of -$8.74B. In 2018, Afghanistan's exports per capita were $34.2 and its imports per capita were $269.

Trade: The top exports of Afghanistan are Grapes ($237M), Insect Resins ($104M), Gold ($93.9M), Coal Briquettes ($87M), and Tropical Fruits ($82.9M). The top imports of Afghanistan are Peat ($487M), Wheat Flours ($477M), Raw Sugar ($379M), Aircraft Parts ($373M), and Inedible Fats and Oils ($358M).

Destinations: Afghanistan exports mostly to Pakistan ($518M), India ($446M), United Arab Emirates ($120M), China ($24.4M), and United States ($22.7M), and imports mostly from United Arab Emirates ($1.87B), Pakistan ($1.67B), China ($977M), Iran ($908M), and India ($782M).

Location: Afghanistan borders China, Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan by land.

Yearly Exports

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Top Export (2018): Grapes, $237M

Top Destination (2018): Pakistan, $518M

In 2018 Afghanistan exported a total of $1.27B, making it the number 141 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Afghanistan have changed by $561M from $709M in 2013 to $1.27B in 2018.

The most recent exports are led by Grapes ($237M), Insect Resins ($104M), Gold ($93.9M), Coal Briquettes ($87M), and Tropical Fruits ($82.9M). The most common destination for the exports of Afghanistan are Pakistan ($518M), India ($446M), United Arab Emirates ($120M), China ($24.4M), and United States ($22.7M).

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Yearly Imports

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Top Import (2018): Peat, $487M

Top Origin (2018): United Arab Emirates, $1.87B

In 2018 Afghanistan imported $10B, making it the number 103 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Afghanistan changed by $2.38B from $7.63B in 2013 to $10B in 2018.

The most recent imports of Afghanistan are led by Peat ($487M), Wheat Flours ($477M), Raw Sugar ($379M), Aircraft Parts ($373M), and Inedible Fats and Oils ($358M). The most common import partners for Afghanistan are United Arab Emirates ($1.87B), Pakistan ($1.67B), China ($977M), Iran ($908M), and India ($782M).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2017 - 2018)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2017 - 2018)

Afghanistan Exports Services (2015): $649M

Afghanistan Imports Services (2015): $1.48B

In 2015, Afghanistan exported $649M worth of services. The top services exported by Afghanistan in 2015 were Construction in the compiling economy ($189M), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($122M), Government services, n.i.e. ($113M), Communications services ($69M), and Air transport ($61.9M).

The top services imported by Afghanistan in 2015 were Other transport ($1.01B), Insurance services ($201M), Business travel ($63.5M), Air transport ($53.5M), and Government services, n.i.e. ($41.2M).

Trade Forecasts

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This section shows forecasts for total product exports and imports for Afghanistan. The forecast is based in a long short-term memory model or LSTM constructed using yearly trade data.

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Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Afghanistan are Tricycles, scooters, pedal cars and similar wheeled toys: dolls' carriages: dolls: other toys: reduced-size (scale) models and similar recreational models, working or not: puzzles of all kinds (50%) and Large Sized Cars (45.6%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

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*The tariffs applied to imports for Afghanistan are:
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
366: South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Preferential Trading Arragement (SAPTA)

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity Ranking

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These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Afghanistan has a high level of specialization in Insect Resins (1.71k), Soapstone (423), Grapes (329), Spice Seeds (290), and Dried Fruits (212). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Afghanistan observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Afghanistan according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Other firearms, sporting, etc, signal pistols, etc (0.74), Synthetic, reconstructed jewellery stones, not set (0.37), Raw furskins, pieces for furriers use, not hides etc (-0.05), Chocolate and other foods containing cocoa (-0.066), and Yarn of carded wool, not retail (-0.092). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Afghanistan according to the relatedness index, are Chromium Ore (0.12), Crude Petroleum (0.12), Other Ores (0.12), Other Hides and Skins (0.11), and Tea (0.11). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Afghanistan is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.