Flag Afghanistan

2019
Economic
Complexity
: -1.02, Rank 123 of 146

2019
Product
Exports | Imports
: $2.24B | $6.92B, 138 of 225 |  118 of 225

2019
Per Capita Product
Exports | Imports
: $58.9 | $182, 207 of 219 |  204 of 219

2015
Service
Exports | Imports
: $649M | $1.48B, 128 of 170 | 111 of 170

Overview: In 2019 Afghanistan was the number 113 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 138 in total exports, the number 118 in total imports, the number 182 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 123 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI)

Exports: The top exports of Afghanistan are Gold ($968M), Grapes ($214M), Insect Resins ($129M), Other Nuts ($113M), and Tropical Fruits ($97.4M), exporting mostly to United Arab Emirates ($1B), Pakistan ($544M), India ($485M), United States ($35.6M), and China ($29.1M).

Imports: The top imports of Afghanistan are Wheat Flours ($436M), Broadcasting Equipment ($336M), Refined Petroleum ($325M), Rolled Tobacco ($317M), and Aircraft Parts ($266M), importing mostly from United Arab Emirates ($1.62B), Pakistan ($1.18B), India ($891M), China ($600M), and United States ($596M).

Location: Afghanistan borders China, Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan by land.

Yearly Exports

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Value
Depth

Top Export (2019): Gold, $968M

Top Destination (2019): United Arab Emirates, $1B

In 2019, Afghanistan exported a total of $2.24B, making it the number 138 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Afghanistan have changed by $1.44B from $800M in 2014 to $2.24B in 2019.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($968M), Grapes ($214M), Insect Resins ($129M), Other Nuts ($113M), and Tropical Fruits ($97.4M). The most common destination for the exports of Afghanistan are United Arab Emirates ($1B), Pakistan ($544M), India ($485M), United States ($35.6M), and China ($29.1M).

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Yearly Imports

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Value
Depth

Top Import (2019): Wheat Flours, $436M

Top Origin (2019): United Arab Emirates, $1.62B

In 2019 Afghanistan imported $6.92B, making it the number 118 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Afghanistan changed by -$4.05B from $11B in 2014 to $6.92B in 2019.

The most recent imports of Afghanistan are led by Wheat Flours ($436M), Broadcasting Equipment ($336M), Refined Petroleum ($325M), Rolled Tobacco ($317M), and Aircraft Parts ($266M). The most common import partners for Afghanistan are United Arab Emirates ($1.62B), Pakistan ($1.18B), India ($891M), China ($600M), and United States ($596M).

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Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2018 - 2019)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2018 - 2019)

Afghanistan Exports Services (2015): $649M

Afghanistan Imports Services (2015): $1.48B

In 2015, Afghanistan exported $649M worth of services. The top services exported by Afghanistan in 2015 were Construction in the compiling economy ($189M), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($122M), Government services, n.i.e. ($113M), Communications services ($69M), and Air transport ($61.9M).

The top services imported by Afghanistan in 2015 were Other transport ($1.01B), Insurance services ($201M), Business travel ($63.5M), Air transport ($53.5M), and Government services, n.i.e. ($41.2M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Afghanistan are Tricycles, scooters, pedal cars and similar wheeled toys: dolls' carriages: dolls: other toys: reduced-size (scale) models and similar recreational models, working or not: puzzles of all kinds (50%) and Large Sized Cars (45.6%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

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*The tariffs applied to imports for Afghanistan are:
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
366: South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Preferential Trading Arragement (SAPTA)

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

During the last 2 years Afghanistan's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨122nd to the 123rd⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Afghanistan has a high level of specialization in Insect Resins (1.15k), Soapstone (322), Spice Seeds (201), Grapes (159), and Dried Fruits (100). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Afghanistan observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Afghanistan according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Sanitary ware and parts thereof, of iron or steel (0.56), Raw furskins, pieces for furriers use, not hides etc (-0.088), Oats (-0.11), Barley (-0.16), and Natural steatite (-0.22). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Afghanistan according to the relatedness index, are MatΓ© (0.11), Crude Petroleum (0.1), Other Ores (0.098), Ground Nuts (0.098), and Manganese Ore (0.097). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Afghanistan is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Diversification Frontier

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Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.