2021
Flag  
GDP
$4.26TCURRENT US$
Rnk 4 / 204
2011-2021
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GDP GROWTH
13.6%CURRENT US$
Rnk 130 / 204
2021
Flag
 GDP
$17.8TCURRENT US$
Rnk 2 / 204
2011-2021
Flag
GDP GROWTH
136%CURRENT US$
Rnk 6 / 204
2021
Flag
GDP PC 
$51,204CURRENT US$
Rnk 26 / 204
2011-2021
Flag
GDP PC GROWTH
9.63%CURRENT US$
Rnk 116 / 204
2021
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GDP PC
$12,618CURRENT US$
Rnk 75 / 204
2011-2021
Flag
GDP PC GROWTH
125%CURRENT US$
Rnk 5 / 204

About

Germany-China In 2021, Germany exported $121B to China. The main products that Germany exported to China are Cars ($19.5B), Motor vehicles; parts and accessories (8701 to 8705) ($11.5B), and Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($3.73B). During the last 26 years the exports of Germany to China have increased at an annualized rate of 11.8%, from $6.58B in 1995 to $121B in 2021.

In 2020, Germany exported services to China worth $14.9B, with Royalties and license fees ($6.09B), Other business services ($5.48B), and Transportation ($3.08B) being the largest in terms of value.

China-Germany In 2021, China exported $134B to Germany. The main products that China exported to Germany were Computers ($14.6B), Office Machine Parts ($4.44B), and Broadcasting Equipment ($4.21B). During the last 26 years the exports of China to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 11%, from $8.92B in 1995 to $134B in 2021.

In 2021, China did not export any services to Germany.

Comparison In 2021,  Germany ranked 5 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.81), and 3 in total exports ($1.56T). That same year, China ranked 25 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.07), and 1 in total exports ($3.34T).

Historical Data

Bilateral Trade by Products

Depth
Value

In 2021, Germany exported $121B to China. The main products exported from Germany to China were Cars ($19.5B), Motor vehicles; parts and accessories (8701 to 8705) ($11.5B), and Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($3.73B). During the last 26 years the exports of Germany to China have increased at an annualized rate of 11.8%, from $6.58B in 1995 to $121B in 2021.

In 2021, China exported $134B to Germany. The main products exported from China to Germany were Computers ($14.6B), Office Machine Parts ($4.44B), and Broadcasting Equipment ($4.21B). During the last 26 years the exports of China to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 11%, from $8.92B in 1995 to $134B in 2021.

Exports from Germany (Flag) to China (Flag) (2021)

Exports from China (Flag) to Germany (Flag) (2021)

Market Competitiveness

Color
Germany
Top Destination
United States$135B
China
Top Destination
United States$530B

This map shows whether countries import more from Germany or China. Each country is colored based on the difference in imports they receive from Germany and China or the difference in the growth in imports.

In 2021, countries that imported more from Germany than China were Austria ($81.7B), France ($119B), and Switzerland ($70B).

In 2021, countries that imported more from China than Germany were United States ($530B), Hong Kong ($323B), and Japan ($168B).

Difference in imports from China (Flag) and Germany (Flag) (2021)

Comparative Advantage Germany - China

Flow
Scale

This chart compares trade between Germany and China by product, considering products traded by both, Germany and China.

During 2021, Germany had a large net trade with China in the exports of Machines ($43.6B), Transportation ($36.4B), and Chemical Products ($12.3B).

During 2021, China had a large net trade with Germany in the exports of Machines ($65.7B), Miscellaneous ($11.7B), and Textiles ($11.4B).

Service Trade

Bilateral Service Trade

In 2020, Germany exported services to China worth $14.9B, with Royalties and license fees ($6.09B), Other business services ($5.48B), and Transportation ($3.08B) being the largest in terms of value.

Service trade data is presented based on availability.

Services Exports from Germany (Flag) to China (Flag) (2020)

Economic Complexity

Competitive Landscape

This visualization show the product space at the HS4 level colored from blue to yellow.  This mean that the more blue a dot/product is, the more Germany has comparative advantage over China. Similarly, the more yellow a dot/product is, the more China has comparative advantage over Germany.

Product Space of Germany (Flag) and China (Flag) (2021)

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