Flag Germany / China Flag

2020
FlagFlag
Exports
: $106B, Rnk 2 / 220

2020
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Top Product
: $16.7B, Cars

2020
FlagFlag
Exports
: $112B, Rnk 4 / 209

2020
FlagFlag
Top Product
: $12.6B, Broadcasting Equipment

2020
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Economic Complexity (ECI)
: ECI 1.88, Rnk 4 / 127

2020
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Economic Complexity (ECI)
: ECI 0.96, Rnk 28 / 127

2020
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GDP
: $3.85T, CURRENT US$
Rnk 4 / 195

2010-2020
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GDP GROWTH
: 13.3%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 133 / 195

2020
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 GDP
: $14.7T, CURRENT US$
Rnk 2 / 195

2010-2020
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GDP GROWTH
: 142%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 5 / 195

2020
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GDP PC 
: $46,208, CURRENT US$
Rnk 19 / 195

2010-2020
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GDP PC GROWTH
: 11.3%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 107 / 195

2020
Flag
GDP PC
: $10,435, CURRENT US$
Rnk 68 / 195

2010-2020
Flag
GDP PC GROWTH
: 129%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 5 / 195

Germany-China In 2020, Germany exported $106B to China. The main products that Germany exported to China are Cars ($16.7B), Motor vehicles; parts and accessories (8701 to 8705) ($10.5B), and Packaged Medicaments ($3.19B). During the last 25 years the exports of Germany to China have increased at an annualized rate of 11.8%, from $6.58B in 1995 to $106B in 2020.

In 2018, Germany exported services to China worth $16B, with Royalties and license fees ($5.65B), Other business services ($5.32B), and Transportation ($3.4B) being the largest in terms of value.

China-Germany In 2020, China exported $112B to Germany . The main products that China exported to Germany were Broadcasting Equipment ($12.6B), Computers ($11.2B), and Other Cloth Articles ($5.79B). During the last 25 years the exports of China to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 10.6%, from $8.98B in 1995 to $112B in 2020.

In 2020, China did not export any services to Germany.

Comparison In 2020,  Germany ranked 4 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.88), and 3 in total exports ($1.33T). That same year, China ranked 28 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 0.96), and 1 in total exports ($2.65T).

Historical Data

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Bilateral Trade by Products

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Depth
Value

In 2020, Germany exported $106B to China. The main products exported from Germany to China were Cars ($16.7B), Motor vehicles; parts and accessories (8701 to 8705) ($10.5B), and Packaged Medicaments ($3.19B). During the last 25 years the exports of Germany to China have increased at an annualized rate of 11.8%, from $6.58B in 1995 to $106B in 2020.

In 2020, China exported $112B to Germany. The main products exported from China to Germany were Broadcasting Equipment ($12.6B), Computers ($11.2B), and Other Cloth Articles ($5.79B). During the last 25 years the exports of China to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 10.6%, from $8.98B in 1995 to $112B in 2020.

Market Competitiveness

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Measure

Germany
Top Destination
: United States, $116B

China
Top Destination
: United States, $438B

This map shows whether countries import more from Germany or China. Each country is colored based on the difference in imports they receive from Germany and China or the difference in the growth in imports.

In 2019, countries that imported more from Germany than China were France ($101B), Austria ($64.4B), and Switzerland ($62.7B).

In 2019, countries that imported more from China than Germany were United States ($438B), Hong Kong ($262B), and Japan ($151B).

Comparative Advantage Germany - China

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Flow

This chart compares trade between Germany and China by product, considering products traded by both, Germany and China.

During 2020, Germany had a large net trade with China in the exports of Machines ($37.7B), Transportation ($31.9B), and Chemical Products ($10.2B).

During 2020, China had a large net trade with Germany in the exports of Machines ($58B), Textiles ($14.5B), and Miscellaneous ($8.3B).

Bilateral Service Trade

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In 2018, Germany exported services to China worth $16B, with Royalties and license fees ($5.65B), Other business services ($5.32B), and Transportation ($3.4B) being the largest in terms of value.

Service trade data is presented based on availability.

Economic Complexity

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Competitive Landscape

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This visualization show the product space at the HS4 level colored from blue to yellow.  This mean that the more blue a dot/product is, the more Germany has comparative advantage over China. Similarly, the more yellow a dot/product is, the more China has comparative advantage over Germany.