Flag Germany / China Flag

2019
FlagFlag
Exports
: $107B, Rnk 3 / 223

2019
FlagFlag
Top Product
: $17B, Cars

2019
FlagFlag
Exports
: $96.9B, Rnk 5 / 209

2019
FlagFlag
Top Product
: $8.71B, Computers

2019
Flag
Economic Complexity (ECI)
: ECI 1.92, Rnk 4 / 146

2019
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Economic Complexity (ECI)
: ECI 1.01, Rnk 29 / 146

2019
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GDP
: $3.86T, CURRENT US$
Rnk 4 / 187

2009-2019
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GDP GROWTH
: 13.6%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 158 / 187

2019
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 GDP
: $14.3T, CURRENT US$
Rnk 2 / 187

2009-2019
Flag
GDP GROWTH
: 181%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 6 / 187

2019
Flag
GDP PC 
: $46,445, CURRENT US$
Rnk 18 / 187

2009-2019
Flag
GDP PC GROWTH
: 12%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 135 / 187

2019
Flag
GDP PC
: $10,262, CURRENT US$
Rnk 71 / 187

2009-2019
Flag
GDP PC GROWTH
: 168%, CURRENT US$
Rnk 2 / 187

Germany-China In 2019, Germany exported $107B to China. The main products that Germany exported to China are Cars ($17B), Vehicle Parts ($9.34B), and Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($3.99B). During the last 24 years the exports of Germany to China have increased at an annualized rate of 12.3%, from $6.62B in 1995 to $107B in 2019.

In 2018, Germany exported services to China worth $16B, with Royalties and license fees ($5.65B), Other business services ($5.32B), and Transportation ($3.4B) being the largest in terms of value.

China-Germany In 2019, China exported $96.9B to Germany . The main products that China exported to Germany were Computers ($8.71B), Broadcasting Equipment ($6.57B), and Office Machine Parts ($3.68B). During the last 24 years the exports of China to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 10.9%, from $8.15B in 1995 to $96.9B in 2019.

In 2019, China did not export any services to Germany.

Comparison In 2019,  Germany ranked 4 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.92), and 3 in total exports ($1.44T). That same year, China ranked 29 in the Economic Complexity Index (ECI 1.01), and 1 in total exports ($2.57T).

Historical Data

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Bilateral Trade by Products

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Depth
Value
Compare to

In 2019, Germany exported $107B to China. The main products exported from Germany to China were Cars ($17B), Vehicle Parts ($9.34B), and Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($3.99B). During the last 24 years the exports of Germany to China have increased at an annualized rate of 12.3%, from $6.62B in 1995 to $107B in 2019.

In 2019, China exported $96.9B to Germany. The main products exported from China to Germany were Computers ($8.71B), Broadcasting Equipment ($6.57B), and Office Machine Parts ($3.68B). During the last 24 years the exports of China to Germany have increased at an annualized rate of 10.9%, from $8.15B in 1995 to $96.9B in 2019.

Germany Exports

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Market Competitiveness

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Measure

Germany
Top Destination
: United States, $131B

China
Top Destination
: United States, $429B

This map shows whether countries import more from Germany or China. Each country is colored based on the difference in imports they receive from Germany and China or the difference in the growth in imports.

In 2019, countries that imported more from Germany than China were France ($115B), Austria ($67.5B), and Switzerland ($62.3B).

In 2019, countries that imported more from China than Germany were United States ($429B), Hong Kong ($268B), and Japan ($152B).

Comparative Advantage Germany - China

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Depth

This chart compares trade between Germany and China by product, considering products traded by both, Germany and China.

During 2019, Germany had a large net trade with China in the exports of Machines ($39.8B), Transportation ($32.5B), and Chemical Products ($9.89B).

During 2019, China had a large net trade with Germany in the exports of Machines ($48.4B), Textiles ($9.22B), and Miscellaneous ($8.02B).

Tariff Section

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This section shows import tariffs for products traded between Germany and China (using the HS6 product classification and the last year reported).

In 2017, the products from Germany that paid the highest import tariffs to enter China were Sugar beet (178%) and Whey (173%).

In 2018, the products from China that paid the highest import tariffs to enter Germany were Vermouth and other flavoured grape wines - pack < 2l (65%) and Vermouth and other flavoured grape wines - pack > 2l (65%).

*The tariffs present between Germany and China are:
122: EU preferential tariff for sugar producing countries
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement

Bilateral Service Trade

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In 2018, Germany exported services to China worth $16B, with Royalties and license fees ($5.65B), Other business services ($5.32B), and Transportation ($3.4B) being the largest in terms of value.

Service trade data is presented based on availability.

Economic Complexity

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Competitive Landscape

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This visualization show the product space at the HS4 level colored from blue to red.  This mean that the more blue a dot/product is, the more Germany has comparative advantage over China. Similarly, the more red a dot/product is, the more China has comparative advantage over Germany.