Overview This page contains the latest international trade data for Alava. In December 2022 Alava was the number 14 in total exports and the number 20 in total imports in Spain.

Exports In 2022, Spain's Alava exported €9.31B, making it the 14th largest exporter out of the 52 exporters in Spain. In 2022 the top exports of Alava were Medium Diesel Cars (€2.19B), Diesel Trucks < 5 tonnes (€1.18B), Other Motor vehicle parts (€419M), Spark ignition Trucks < 5... (€304M), and Pneumatic tyres new of rubber for... (€291M).

Imports In 2022, Spain's Alava imported €5.67B, making it the 20th largest importer out of the 52 importers in Spain. In 2022 top imports of Alava were Engines, diesel, for motor vehicles (€484M), Transmissions for motor vehicles (€228M), Electric accumulators: lithium-ion, including separators, whether... (€213M), Other Motor vehicle parts (€144M), and Engines, spark-ignition reciprocating, over 1000 cc (€110M).

Economic Complexity In 2020, the highest complexity exports of Alava according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Stainless Steel Ingots (0.98), Iron Railway Products (0.53), Metal Stoppers (0.14), Other Iron Bars (0.054), and Iron Pipes (0.045). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Top Destination (2022): Germany, €2.48B

Top Product (2022): Medium Diesel Cars, €2.19B

In 2022 the top export destinations of Alava were Germany (€2.48B), France (€1.27B), United States (€628M), Portugal (€455M), and United Kingdom (€445M).

In 2022 the top exports of Alava were Medium Diesel Cars (€2.19B), Diesel Trucks < 5 tonnes (€1.18B), Other Motor vehicle parts (€419M), Spark ignition Trucks < 5... (€304M), and Pneumatic tyres new of rubber for... (€291M).

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Exports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Exports Destination (Dec 2021 - Dec 2022)

Rapidly Declining Export Origins (Dec 2021 - Dec 2022)

Yearly Imports

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Top Origin (2022): Germany, €1.69B

Top Import (2022): Engines, diesel, for motor vehicles, €484M

In 2022 the top import origins of Alava were Germany (€1.69B), France (€687M), China (€528M), Italy (€327M), and Portugal (€217M).

In 2022 the top imports of Alava were Engines, diesel, for motor vehicles (€484M), Transmissions for motor vehicles (€228M), Electric accumulators: lithium-ion, including separators, whether... (€213M), Other Motor vehicle parts (€144M), and Engines, spark-ignition reciprocating, over 1000 cc (€110M).

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Imports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Import Origins (Dec 2021 - Dec 2022)

Rapidly Declining Import Origins (Dec 2021 - Dec 2022)

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity of Alava

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Economic Complexity (2022): 0.32

Alava ranks 2nd out of the 52 provinces in Spain according to ECI.

The Economic Complexity Index, or ECI, is a measure of an economy’s capacity which can be inferred from data connecting locations to the activities that are present in them. For more info about Economic Complexity, visit the Economic Complexity page.

Estimated using exports data.

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Economic Complexity Ranking

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The economic complexity of a territory can change year to year. Alava it is in position 2nd considering its ECI in the last year.

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Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities according to the relatedness level, without considering those products were Alava already has a comparative advantage, are led by Large Flat-Rolled Iron (0.15), Electrical Lighting and Signalling Equipment (0.15), Vehicle Bodies (including cabs) for the... (0.15), Interchangeable Tool Parts (0.15), and Electric Soldering Equipment (0.15).

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Alava according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Stainless Steel Ingots (0.98), Iron Railway Products (0.53), Metal Stoppers (0.14), Other Iron Bars (0.054), and Iron Pipes (0.045). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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The most specialized products according to the RCA index are led by Stainless Steel Ingots (58.5), Iron Pipes (51.8), Natural Cork Articles (43.4), Metal Stoppers (39.7), and Other Iron Bars (32.9).

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since Alava is more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of  Alava. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Alava exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a territory's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions. Bubble size corresponds to exports value by year 2020.