Alava

Province in Basque Country, Autonomous Community in Spain

2019
Economic
Complexity
: 0.43, Rank 2 of 49

Jan 2021
Trade
Exports | Imports
: €552M | €292M, 12 of 53 | 21 of 53

Jan 2021
Country
Destination | Origin
: Germany | Germany , €193M  | €96M

Jan 2021
Product
Exports | Imports
: Cars | Combustion Engines , €182M  | €36.7M

Overview: This page contains the latest international trade data for Alava, including export and import data.

Exports: In 2020, Spain's Alava exported €6.15B, making it the 14th largest exporter out of the 52 exporters in Spain. In 2020 the top exports of Alava were Medium Diesel Engine Cars (€1.48B), Diesel powered trucks weighing < 5... (€1.02B), Spark ignition engine trucks weighing <... (€351M), Pneumatic tyres new of rubber for... (€220M), and Grape wines nes, fortified wine or... (€185M).

Imports: In 2020, Spain's Alava imported €3.74B, making it the 18th largest importer out of the 52 importers in Spain. In 2020 top imports of Alava were Engines, diesel, for motor vehicles (€434M), Transmissions for motor vehicles (€170M), Motor vehicle parts nes (€143M), Engines, spark-ignition reciprocating, over 1000 cc (€111M), and Ignition/other wiring sets for vehicles/aircraft/ship (€78M).

Economic Complexity: In 2019, the highest complexity exports of Alava according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Metalworking Transfer Machines (2.32), Glass with Edge Workings (1.81), Transmissions (1.59), Interchangeable Tool Parts (1.56), and Motor-working Tools (1.55). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Comparison in Time

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Flow
Value

This section shows the differences between Alava's total subnational aggregate trade throughout time. To explore the trade patterns of the country, visit Spain's country profile.

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Yearly Exports

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Value
Depth

Top Destination (2020): Germany, €1.95B

Top Product (2020): Medium Diesel Engine Cars, €1.48B

In 2020 the top export destinations of Alava were Germany (€1.95B), France (€914M), United States (€333M), United Kingdom (€328M), and Italy (€240M).

In 2020 the top exports of Alava were Medium Diesel Engine Cars (€1.48B), Diesel powered trucks weighing < 5... (€1.02B), Spark ignition engine trucks weighing <... (€351M), Pneumatic tyres new of rubber for... (€220M), and Grape wines nes, fortified wine or... (€185M).

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Exports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Exports Destination (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Rapidly Declining Export Origins (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Yearly Imports

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Value
Depth

Top Origin (2020): Germany, €1.22B

Top Import (2020): Engines, diesel, for motor vehicles, €434M

In 2020 the top import origins of Alava were Germany (€1.22B), France (€481M), Italy (€213M), China (€202M), and Poland (€172M).

In 2020 the top imports of Alava were Engines, diesel, for motor vehicles (€434M), Transmissions for motor vehicles (€170M), Motor vehicle parts nes (€143M), Engines, spark-ignition reciprocating, over 1000 cc (€111M), and Ignition/other wiring sets for vehicles/aircraft/ship (€78M).

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Imports Dynamics

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Fastest Growing Import Origins (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Rapidly Declining Import Origins (Jan 2020 - Jan 2021)

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity of Spain

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Alava ranks 2nd out of the 52 provinces in Spain according to ECI.

Estimated using exports data.

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Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

The economic complexity of a territory can change year to year. Alava it is in position 2nd considering its ECI in the last year.

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Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities according to the relatedness level, without considering those products were Alava already has a comparative advantage, are led by Electric Soldering Equipment (0.16), Papermaking Machines (0.16), Rubberworking Machinery (0.16), Iron Fasteners (0.16), and Rolling Machines (0.16).

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Alava according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Metalworking Transfer Machines (2.32), Glass with Edge Workings (1.81), Transmissions (1.59), Interchangeable Tool Parts (1.56), and Motor-working Tools (1.55). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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The most specialized products according to the RCA index are led by Stainless Steel Ingots (64.7), Natural Cork Articles (29.8), Iron Pipes (29.7), Legume Flours (27.6), and Metal Stoppers (25.9).

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since Alava is more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of  Alava. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Alava exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a territory's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.