HS Icon Refractory Cements

3816 (Harmonized System 1992 for 4-digit)

Overview This page contains the latest trade data of Refractory Cements. In 2020, Refractory Cements were the world's 689th most traded product, with a total trade of $2.21B. Between 2019 and 2020 the exports of Refractory Cements decreased by -6.55%, from $2.37B to $2.21B. Trade in Refractory Cements represent 0.013% of total world trade.

Refractory Cements are a part of Chemical products n.e.s.. They include Refractory cements, mortars, concretes except graphit.

Exports In 2020 the top exporters of Refractory Cements  were China ($374M), Germany ($331M), United States ($182M), Austria ($159M), and France ($120M).

Imports In 2020 the top importers of Refractory Cements were Russia ($164M), Indonesia ($136M), Germany ($100M), United States ($100M), and Canada ($85M).

Tariffs In 2018 the average tariff for Refractory Cements was 4.42%, making it the 939th lowest tariff using the HS4 product classification.

The countries with the highest import tariffs for Refractory Cements are Angola (50%), Bahamas (40.2%), and Bermuda (25%). The countries with the lowest tariffs are Kenya (0%), Mauritius (0%), Rwanda (0%), Tanzania (0%), and Uganda (0%).

Ranking Refractory Cements ranks 330th in the Product Complexity Index (PCI).

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The following visualization shows the latest trends on Refractory Cements. Countries are shown based on data availability.

For a full breakdown of trade patterns, visit the trend explorer or the product in country profile.

* Using January 2020 exchange rates when trade data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

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Exporters and Importers

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Trade By Country

Top Origin (2020): China, $374M

Top Destination (2020): Russia, $164M

Refractory Cements are the world's 689th most traded product.

In 2020, the top exporters of Refractory Cements were China ($374M), Germany ($331M), United States ($182M), Austria ($159M), and France ($120M).

In 2020, the top importers of Refractory Cements were Russia ($164M), Indonesia ($136M), Germany ($100M), United States ($100M), and Canada ($85M).

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Market Dynamics

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Trade by country

Value

Top Origin Growth (2019 -  2020): Poland, $9.89M

Top Destination Growth (2019 - 2020): Indonesia, $27.8M

Between 2019 and 2020, the exports of Refractory Cements grew the fastest in Poland ($9.89M), Slovenia ($7.46M), Slovakia ($7.04M), Denmark ($2.6M), and Bulgaria ($2.3M).

Between 2019 and 2020, the fastest growing importers of Refractory Cements were Indonesia ($27.8M), Switzerland ($12.5M), Turkey ($6.89M), Pakistan ($5.99M), and Austria ($4.68M).

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Market Concentration

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Cumulative market share

Value

This chart shows the evolution of the market concentration of exports of Refractory Cements.

In 2020,  market concentration measured using Shannon Entropy, was 4.45. This means that most of the exports of Refractory Cements are explained by 21 countries.

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TOP NET EXPORTER (2020): China, $344M

TOP NET IMPORTER (2020): Russia, $136M

This map shows which countries export or import more of Refractory Cements. Each country is colored based on the difference in exports and imports of Refractory Cements during 2020.

In 2020, the countries that had a largest trade value in exports than in imports of Refractory Cements were China ($344M), Germany ($230M), Austria ($99M), Spain ($84.8M), and United States ($82M).

In 2020, the countries that had a largest trade value in imports than in exports of Refractory Cements were Russia ($136M), Indonesia ($135M), Vietnam ($55M), Ukraine ($52M), and Mexico ($49M).

Disaggregation

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Value

In 2019, the world most traded Refractory Cements, disaggragated by their HS6 level were Refractory cements, mortars, concretes except graphit ($2.21B)

Country Comparison

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Measure
Ranking

This visualization shows the countries that have an important ratio of their trade related to Refractory Cements.
It is possible to select the main countries that export or import Refractory Cements in the world, or by continent, as well as select the measure of interest.

Import Tariffs

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In 2018, the average tariff for importing Refractory Cements was 4.42%. The countries with the highest tariffs for importing Refractory Cements were Angola (50%), Bahamas (40.2%), and Bermuda (25%).

Product Complexity

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Diversification Frontier

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Specialization

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a product's potential export opportunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth potential, lower income inequality, and lower emissions.

Country by Relatedness

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The following visualization shows the relatedness of Refractory Cements to countries. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.