Overview This page contains the latest trade data of Cheese. In 2020, Cheese were the world's 105th most traded product, with a total trade of $33.2B. Between 2019 and 2020 the exports of Cheese grew by 1.5%, from $32.7B to $33.2B. Trade in Cheese represent 0.2% of total world trade.

Cheese are a part of Dairy products and other edible products of animal origin. They include Cheese except fresh, grated, processed or blue-veined, Fresh cheese, unfermented whey cheese, curd, Cheese processed, not grated or powdered, Cheese, grated or powdered, of all kinds, and Cheese, blue-veined.

Exports In 2020 the top exporters of Cheese  were Germany ($4.79B), Netherlands ($4.11B), Italy ($3.57B), France ($3.49B), and Denmark ($1.71B).

Imports In 2020 the top importers of Cheese were Germany ($4.62B), United Kingdom ($2.19B), France ($2.15B), Italy ($1.95B), and Belgium ($1.57B).

Tariffs In 2018 the average tariff for Cheese was 26.2%, making it the 35th lowest tariff using the HS4 product classification.

The countries with the highest import tariffs for Cheese are Canada (176%), Iceland (147%), Norway (128%), and Turkey (127%). The countries with the lowest tariffs are Mauritius (0%), South Africa (0%), Hong Kong (0%), Maldives (0%), and Singapore (0%).

Ranking Cheese ranks 595th in the Product Complexity Index (PCI).

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Y-AXIS SCALE

The following visualization shows the latest trends on Cheese. Countries are shown based on data availability.

For a full breakdown of trade patterns, visit the trend explorer or the product in country profile.

* Using January 2020 exchange rates when trade data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

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Exporters and Importers

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Trade By Country

Top Origin (2020): Germany, $4.79B

Top Destination (2020): Germany, $4.62B

Cheese are the world's 105th most traded product.

In 2020, the top exporters of Cheese were Germany ($4.79B), Netherlands ($4.11B), Italy ($3.57B), France ($3.49B), and Denmark ($1.71B).

In 2020, the top importers of Cheese were Germany ($4.62B), United Kingdom ($2.19B), France ($2.15B), Italy ($1.95B), and Belgium ($1.57B).

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Market Dynamics

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Trade by country

Value

Top Origin Growth (2019 -  2020): Germany, $184M

Top Destination Growth (2019 - 2020): Germany, $242M

Between 2019 and 2020, the exports of Cheese grew the fastest in Germany ($184M), Netherlands ($109M), Greece ($79.5M), Belarus ($68.7M), and Austria ($65.5M).

Between 2019 and 2020, the fastest growing importers of Cheese were Germany ($242M), France ($136M), Ukraine ($110M), South Korea ($88.8M), and Russia ($62.6M).

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Market Concentration

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Cumulative market share

Value

This chart shows the evolution of the market concentration of exports of Cheese.

In 2020,  market concentration measured using Shannon Entropy, was 4.43. This means that most of the exports of Cheese are explained by 21 countries.

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TOP NET EXPORTER (2020): Netherlands, $2.68B

TOP NET IMPORTER (2020): United Kingdom, $1.32B

This map shows which countries export or import more of Cheese. Each country is colored based on the difference in exports and imports of Cheese during 2020.

In 2020, the countries that had a largest trade value in exports than in imports of Cheese were Netherlands ($2.68B), Italy ($1.61B), France ($1.35B), Denmark ($1.29B), and New Zealand ($1.27B).

In 2020, the countries that had a largest trade value in imports than in exports of Cheese were United Kingdom ($1.32B), Japan ($1.25B), Russia ($1.12B), Spain ($645M), and South Korea ($633M).

Disaggregation

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Value

In 2019, the world most traded Cheese, disaggragated by their HS6 level were Cheese except fresh, grated, processed or... ($19.6B), Fresh cheese, unfermented whey cheese, curd ($7.61B), Cheese processed, not grated or powdered ($2.92B), Cheese, grated or powdered, of all... ($2.38B), and Cheese, blue-veined ($624M)

Country Comparison

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Measure
Ranking

This visualization shows the countries that have an important ratio of their trade related to Cheese.
It is possible to select the main countries that export or import Cheese in the world, or by continent, as well as select the measure of interest.

Import Tariffs

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In 2018, the average tariff for importing Cheese was 26.2%. The countries with the highest tariffs for importing Cheese were Canada (176%), Iceland (147%), Norway (128%), and Turkey (127%).

Product Complexity

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Diversification Frontier

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Specialization

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a product's potential export opportunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth potential, lower income inequality, and lower emissions.

Country by Relatedness

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The following visualization shows the relatedness of Cheese to countries. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.