Overview In 2022, Zimbabwe was the number 114 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 109 in total exports, the number 123 in total imports, the number 162 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 99 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) .

Exports The top exports of Zimbabwe are Gold ($4.48B), Nickel Mattes ($1.02B), Raw Tobacco ($835M), Ferroalloys ($449M), and Diamonds ($358M), exporting mostly to United Arab Emirates ($4.78B), South Africa ($1.47B), China ($625M), Belgium ($297M), and Mozambique ($191M).

Imports The top imports of Zimbabwe are Refined Petroleum ($1.19B), Delivery Trucks ($258M), Soybean Oil ($255M), Electricity ($201M), and Nitrogenous Fertilizers ($200M), importing mostly from South Africa ($3.3B), China ($1.24B), Singapore ($1.04B), United Arab Emirates ($479M), and Mozambique ($336M).

Location Zimbabwe borders Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, and Zambia by land.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade


The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Zimbabwe.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

* Trade values are converted to USD using each month's exchange rate. For December 2023 data, the exchange rate from December 30, 2023 is used.

Subscribe today to OEC pro and access the latest data

Sign Up

Latest Data


The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Subscribe today to OEC pro and access the latest data

Sign Up

Subscribe today to OEC pro and access the latest data

Sign Up

Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Top Export (2022)Gold$4.48B
Top Destination (2022)United Arab Emirates$4.78B

In 2022, Zimbabwe exported a total of $8.41B, making it the number 109 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Zimbabwe have changed by $4.88B from $3.53B in 2017 to $8.41B in 2022.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($4.48B), Nickel Mattes ($1.02B), Raw Tobacco ($835M), Ferroalloys ($449M), and Diamonds ($358M). The most common destination for the exports of Zimbabwe are United Arab Emirates ($4.78B), South Africa ($1.47B), China ($625M), Belgium ($297M), and Mozambique ($191M).

Explore Visualizations

Exports (2022)
[Click to Select a Product]

Destinations (2022)
[Click to Select a Country]

Market Growth

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2021 - 2022)
United Arab Emirates$1.02B (+ 27.1%)
Belgium$123M (+ 70.3%)
China$82.8M (+ 15.3%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2021 - 2022)
South Africa$292M (+ 9.72%)
China$249M (+ 25%)
United Arab Emirates$197M (+ 69.9%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2021 - 2022)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Zimbabwe Exports Services (2015)$387M
Zimbabwe Imports Services (2015)$1.53B

In 2015, Zimbabwe exported $387M worth of services. The top services exported by Zimbabwe in 2015 were Personal travel ($143M), Other transport ($75M), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($71.6M), Government services, n.i.e. ($46M), and Business travel ($31.9M).

The top services imported by Zimbabwe in 2015 were Personal travel ($467M), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($457M), Other transport ($379M), Air transport ($75.9M), and Government services, n.i.e. ($56.7M).

Service Exports (2015)

Service Imports (2015)

Economic Complexity


Economic Complexity (Trade)-0.74Rank 99 of 133
Economic Complexity (Research)-0.41Rank 78 of 135

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Zimbabwe has a high level of specialization in Raw Tobacco (218), Nickel Mattes (180), Granite (106), Chromium Ore (37.2), and Processed Tobacco (29.4). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Zimbabwe observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Zimbabwe according to the relatedness index, were Manganese Ore (0.11), Tin Ores (0.09), Coal Briquettes (0.085), Cobalt (0.084), and Insect Resins (0.082). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Zimbabwe is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Zimbabwe. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Zimbabwe exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Relatedness Space (2022)

Diversification Frontier


The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Diversification Frontier

Economic Complexity Ranking


During the last 20 years Zimbabwe's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨63rd to the 99th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

Explore Rankings

ECI (Trade) Ranking by Country

Have questions, comments, or concerns?
Send us an e-mail: [email protected]
Follow @OECtoday on
Created, Designed, and Developed by:
In collaboration with