Overview In 2020 Tanzania was the number 75 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 107 in total exports, the number 87 in total imports, the number 171 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 86 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Tanzania are Gold ($2.36B), Coconuts, Brazil Nuts, and Cashews ($386M), Raw Copper ($345M), Precious Metal Ore ($343M), and Dried Legumes ($208M), exporting mostly to India ($891M), United Arab Emirates ($866M), Switzerland ($796M), Uganda ($734M), and China ($388M).

Imports The top imports of Tanzania are Refined Copper ($1.55B), Refined Petroleum ($730M), Packaged Medicaments ($368M), Palm Oil ($302M), and Wheat ($219M), importing mostly from China ($4.17B), Democratic Republic of the Congo ($1.67B), India ($1.41B), United Arab Emirates ($788M), and South Africa ($336M).

Location Tanzania borders Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zambia by land and Comoros and Seychelles by sea.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Tanzania.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Top Export (2020): Gold, $2.36B

Top Destination (2020): India, $4.17B

In 2020, Tanzania exported a total of $5.91B, making it the number 107 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Tanzania have changed by -$528M from $6.44B in 2015 to $5.91B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($2.36B), Coconuts, Brazil Nuts, and Cashews ($386M), Raw Copper ($345M), Precious Metal Ore ($343M), and Dried Legumes ($208M). The most common destination for the exports of Tanzania are India ($891M), United Arab Emirates ($866M), Switzerland ($796M), Uganda ($734M), and China ($388M).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Tanzania Exports Services (2018): $4.01B

Tanzania Imports Services (2018): $2.13B

In 2018, Tanzania exported $4.01B worth of services. The top services exported by Tanzania in 2018 were Personal travel ($2.45B), Transportation ($1.23B), Other business services ($249M), Insurance services ($38.3M), and Computer and information services ($22.2M).

The top services imported by Tanzania in 2018 were Transportation ($844M), Personal travel ($738M), Other business services ($336M), Construction services ($63.1M), and Government services, n.i.e. ($62M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Tanzania are Raw sugar, beet (100%) and Refined sugar, in solid form, flavoured or coloured (100%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Tanzania are:
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
201: Preferential tariff for East African Community (EAC) (Kenya, Tanzani, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi)
302: Preferential tariff for South Africa
347: Regional Preferential tariff for SADC countries

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Tanzania has a high level of specialization in Tin Ores (175), Coconut and Other Vegetable Fibers (138), Coconuts, Brazil Nuts, and Cashews (127), Precious Metal Ore (96.3), and Quicklime (92.7). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Tanzania observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Tanzania according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Organic surface active agent, preparation, except soap (0.012), Flat-rolled iron/steel, >600mm, clad, plated or coated (-0.041), Petroleum jelly, petroleum wax, other mineral waxes (-0.16), Label, badge, etc, in piece or strip, not embroidered (-0.28), and Uncoated kraft paper and paperboard (-0.35). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Tanzania according to the relatedness index, are Insect Resins (0.19), Other Ores (0.19), Palm Oil (0.18), Crustaceans (0.17), and Raw Sugar (0.17). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Tanzania is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Tanzania. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Tanzania exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 16 years Tanzania's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively more complex, moving from the ⁩⁨95th to the 86th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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