Overview In 2019 Tanzania was the number 75 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 122 in total exports, the number 94 in total imports, the number 162 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 95 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Tanzania are Gold ($1.39B), Raw Tobacco ($277M), Coconuts, Brazil Nuts, and Cashews ($231M), Other Oily Seeds ($179M), and Refined Petroleum ($157M), exporting mostly to India ($843M), United Arab Emirates ($573M), China ($349M), Switzerland ($280M), and Rwanda ($247M).

Imports The top imports of Tanzania are Refined Petroleum ($1.59B), Palm Oil ($308M), Packaged Medicaments ($274M), Cars ($230M), and Wheat ($174M), importing mostly from China ($3.81B), India ($1.69B), United Arab Emirates ($1.38B), South Africa ($476M), and Kenya ($328M).

Location Tanzania borders Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zambia by land and Comoros and Seychelles by sea.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Top Export (2019): Gold, $1.39B

Top Destination (2019): India, $843M

In 2019, Tanzania exported a total of $4.28B, making it the number 122 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Tanzania have changed by -$2.92B from $7.2B in 2014 to $4.28B in 2019.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($1.39B), Raw Tobacco ($277M), Coconuts, Brazil Nuts, and Cashews ($231M), Other Oily Seeds ($179M), and Refined Petroleum ($157M). The most common destination for the exports of Tanzania are India ($843M), United Arab Emirates ($573M), China ($349M), Switzerland ($280M), and Rwanda ($247M).

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Yearly Imports

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Top Import (2019): Refined Petroleum, $1.59B

Top Origin (2019): China, $3.81B

In 2019 Tanzania imported $11.2B, making it the number 94 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Tanzania changed by -$3.82B from $15B in 2014 to $11.2B in 2019.

The most recent imports of Tanzania are led by Refined Petroleum ($1.59B), Palm Oil ($308M), Packaged Medicaments ($274M), Cars ($230M), and Wheat ($174M). The most common import partners for Tanzania are China ($3.81B), India ($1.69B), United Arab Emirates ($1.38B), South Africa ($476M), and Kenya ($328M).

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Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2018 - 2019)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2018 - 2019)

Tanzania Exports Services (2018): $4.01B

Tanzania Imports Services (2018): $2.13B

In 2018, Tanzania exported $4.01B worth of services. The top services exported by Tanzania in 2018 were Personal travel ($2.45B), Transportation ($1.23B), Other business services ($249M), Insurance services ($38.3M), and Computer and information services ($22.2M).

The top services imported by Tanzania in 2018 were Transportation ($844M), Personal travel ($738M), Other business services ($336M), Construction services ($63.1M), and Government services, n.i.e. ($62M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Tanzania are Raw sugar, beet (100%) and Refined sugar, in solid form, flavoured or coloured (100%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Tanzania are:
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
201: Preferential tariff for East African Community (EAC) (Kenya, Tanzani, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi)
302: Preferential tariff for South Africa
347: Regional Preferential tariff for SADC countries

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Tanzania has a high level of specialization in Coconut and Other Vegetable Fibers (274), Tin Ores (270), Other Oily Seeds (135), Raw Tobacco (110), and Coconuts, Brazil Nuts, and Cashews (108). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Tanzania observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Tanzania according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Salts of inorganic acids, peroxoacids, except azides (1.2), Titanium oxides (0.86), Copper bars, rods and profiles (0.41), Articles of, or clad with, precious metal nes (0.36), and Household, sanitary, hospital paper articles, clothing (0.21). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Tanzania according to the relatedness index, are Other Ores (0.2), Crustaceans (0.2), Crude Petroleum (0.2), Raw Sugar (0.2), and Bananas (0.19). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Tanzania is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Tanzania. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Tanzania exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 16 years Tanzania's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively más complex, moving from the ⁩⁨106th to the 95th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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