Overview In 2022, Tanzania was the number 75 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 104 in total exports, the number 82 in total imports, the number 163 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 111 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) .

Exports The top exports of Tanzania are Gold ($3.34B), Raw Copper ($1.31B), Refined Copper ($384M), Copper Ore ($288M), and Coconuts, Brazil Nuts, and Cashews ($286M), exporting mostly to India ($2.73B), United Arab Emirates ($1.07B), South Africa ($939M), Kenya ($482M), and Rwanda ($474M).

Imports The top imports of Tanzania are Refined Petroleum ($5.19B), Refined Copper ($1.17B), Vaccines, blood, antisera, toxins and cultures ($432M), Packaged Medicaments ($368M), and Cars ($318M), importing mostly from China ($6.54B), India ($4.05B), United Arab Emirates ($2.48B), Democratic Republic of the Congo ($1.17B), and Saudi Arabia ($548M).

Location Tanzania borders Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zambia by land and Comoros and Seychelles by sea.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade


The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Tanzania.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

* Trade values are converted to USD using each month's exchange rate. For December 2023 data, the exchange rate from December 30, 2023 is used.

Subscribe today to OEC pro and access the latest data

Sign Up

Latest Data


The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Subscribe today to OEC pro and access the latest data

Sign Up

Subscribe today to OEC pro and access the latest data

Sign Up

Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Top Export (2022)Gold$3.34B
Top Destination (2022)India$2.73B

In 2022, Tanzania exported a total of $10B, making it the number 104 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Tanzania have changed by $4.34B from $5.67B in 2017 to $10B in 2022.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($3.34B), Raw Copper ($1.31B), Refined Copper ($384M), Copper Ore ($288M), and Coconuts, Brazil Nuts, and Cashews ($286M). The most common destination for the exports of Tanzania are India ($2.73B), United Arab Emirates ($1.07B), South Africa ($939M), Kenya ($482M), and Rwanda ($474M).

Explore Visualizations

Exports (2022)
[Click to Select a Product]

Destinations (2022)
[Click to Select a Country]

Market Growth

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2021 - 2022)
India$849M (+ 45.2%)
Hong Kong$119M (+ 165%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2021 - 2022)
India$2.41B (+ 147%)
China$1.48B (+ 29.2%)
United Arab Emirates$918M (+ 58.8%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2021 - 2022)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Tanzania Exports Services (2018)$4.01B
Tanzania Imports Services (2018)$2.13B

In 2018, Tanzania exported $4.01B worth of services. The top services exported by Tanzania in 2018 were Personal travel ($2.45B), Transportation ($1.23B), Other business services ($249M), Insurance services ($38.3M), and Computer and information services ($22.2M).

The top services imported by Tanzania in 2018 were Transportation ($844M), Personal travel ($738M), Other business services ($336M), Construction services ($63.1M), and Government services, n.i.e. ($62M).

Service Exports (2018)

Service Imports (2018)

Economic Complexity


Economic Complexity (Trade)-1.18Rank 111 of 124
Economic Complexity (Research)0.045Rank 50 of 135

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Tanzania has a high level of specialization in Raw Copper (179), Cloves (172), Coconuts, Brazil Nuts, and Cashews (64.9), Other Oily Seeds (59.1), and Raw Tobacco (54.3). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Tanzania observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

The highest complexity exports of Tanzania according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Glass; drawn glass and blown glass, in sheets, whether or not having... (1.01), Copper; bars, rods and profiles (0.14), Oral or dental hygiene preparations; including fixative pastes and powders; yarn used... (0.13), Colours; artists, students, or signboard painters, modifying tints, amusement colours and the... (0.073), and Paper or paperboard labels of all kinds, whether or not printed (-0.032). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Tanzania according to the relatedness index, were Other Mineral (0.24), Crude Petroleum (0.22), Crustaceans (0.22), Palm Oil (0.21), and Raw Sugar (0.21). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Tanzania is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Tanzania. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Tanzania exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier


The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking


During the last 20 years Tanzania's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨nullth to the 111th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

Explore Rankings

ECI (Trade) Ranking by Country

Have questions, comments, or concerns?
Send us an e-mail: [email protected]
Follow @OECtoday on
Created, Designed, and Developed by:
In collaboration with