About

Overview In 2021, Tunisia was the number 88 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 77 in total exports, the number 79 in total imports, the number 138 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 53 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) .

Exports The top exports of Tunisia are Insulated Wire ($2.63B), Crude Petroleum ($754M), Non-Knit Men's Suits ($735M), Pure Olive Oil ($690M), and Low-voltage Protection Equipment ($532M), exporting mostly to France ($4.66B), Italy ($3.24B), Germany ($2.59B), Spain ($744M), and Libya ($646M).

Imports The top imports of Tunisia are Refined Petroleum ($1.94B), Petroleum Gas ($941M), Cars ($655M), Low-voltage Protection Equipment ($542M), and Wheat ($529M), importing mostly from France ($3.5B), Italy ($3.11B), China ($2.2B), Germany ($1.64B), and Turkey ($1.41B).

Location Tunisia borders Algeria and Libya by land and Italy by sea.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade

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Y-AXIS SCALE

The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Tunisia.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Latest Data

Flow
Color
Depth

The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Subscribe today to OEC pro and access the latest data

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Flow
Color
Depth
Top Export (2021)Insulated Wire$2.63B
Top Destination (2021)France$4.66B

In 2021, Tunisia exported a total of $18.8B, making it the number 77 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Tunisia have changed by $3.48B from $15.3B in 2016 to $18.8B in 2021.

The most recent exports are led by Insulated Wire ($2.63B), Crude Petroleum ($754M), Non-Knit Men's Suits ($735M), Pure Olive Oil ($690M), and Low-voltage Protection Equipment ($532M). The most common destination for the exports of Tunisia are France ($4.66B), Italy ($3.24B), Germany ($2.59B), Spain ($744M), and Libya ($646M).

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Exports (2021)
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Destinations (2021)
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Market Growth

Flow
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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2020 - 2021)
France$760M (+ 19.5%)
Italy$537M (+ 19.9%)
Germany$389M (+ 17.7%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2020 - 2021)
Greece$846M (+ 390%)
France$604M (+ 20.9%)
Italy$465M (+ 17.6%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2020 - 2021)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Tunisia Exports Services (2020)$2.53B
Tunisia Imports Services (2020)$2.37B

In 2020, Tunisia exported $2.53B worth of services. The top services exported by Tunisia in 2020 were Personal travel ($833M), Air transport ($253M), Other transport ($214M), Construction abroad ($191M), and Merchanting and other trade-related services ($132M).

The top services imported by Tunisia in 2020 were Sea transport ($904M), Personal travel ($333M), Construction in the compiling economy ($185M), Embassies and consulates ($169M), and Air transport ($130M).

Service Exports (2020)

Service Imports (2020)

Economic Complexity

Overview

Economic Complexity (Trade)0.22Rank 53 of 131
Economic Complexity (Technology)-1.1Rank 79 of 96
Economic Complexity (Research)-0.39Rank 87 of 140

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Tunisia has a high level of specialization in Pure Olive Oil (83.6), Phosphoric Acid (43.5), Olive Oil (42.5), Phosphatic Fertilizers (41.5), and Non-Knit Active Wear (30.7). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Tunisia observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

The highest complexity exports of Tunisia according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Machinery, auxiliary; for use with machines of heading no. 8444 to 8447... (1.53), Copper, nails, tacks, drawing pins, staples (not those of heading no. 8305)... (1.36), Musical instrument parts (for example, mechanisms for musical boxes) and accessories (for... (1.25), Instruments, apparatus for measuring or checking the flow, level, pressure of liquids,... (1.17), and Machines for additive manufacturing (1.11). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Tunisia according to the relatedness index, were Other Knit Clothing Accessories (0.29), Plaiting Products (0.29), Other Vegetables (0.29), Legumes (0.29), and Mattresses (0.28). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Tunisia is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Tunisia. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Tunisia exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

Methodology
Scale

During the last 20 years Tunisia's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively more complex, moving from the ⁩⁨67th to the 53rd⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

Explore Rankings

ECI (Trade) Ranking by Country

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