Flag Tajikistan

2019
Economic
Complexity
: -0.66, Rank 113 of 157

2019
Product
Exports | Imports
: $811M | $4.02B, 161 of 225 |  143 of 225

2019
Per Capita Product
Exports | Imports
: $87 | $431, 200 of 219 |  177 of 219

2017
Service
Exports | Imports
: $204M | $107M, 126 of 139 | 135 of 139

Overview: In 2019 Tajikistan was the number 143 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 161 in total exports, the number 143 in total imports, the number 167 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 113 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI)

Exports: The top exports of Tajikistan are Gold ($175M), Raw Aluminium ($139M), Raw Cotton ($86M), Zinc Ore ($73.1M), and Other Ores ($50.9M), exporting mostly to Turkey ($190M), Switzerland ($175M), Uzbekistan ($133M), Kazakhstan ($93.6M), and China ($82.6M).

Imports: The top imports of Tajikistan are Refined Petroleum ($330M), Wheat ($205M), Petroleum Gas ($163M), Aluminium Oxide ($112M), and Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($111M), importing mostly from China ($1.61B), Russia ($953M), Kazakhstan ($649M), Uzbekistan ($190M), and Turkey ($156M).

Location: Tajikistan borders Afghanistan, China, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan by land.

Yearly Exports

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Value
Depth

Top Export (2019): Gold, $175M

Top Destination (2019): Turkey, $190M

In 2019, Tajikistan exported a total of $811M, making it the number 161 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Tajikistan have changed by $80.2M from $730M in 2014 to $811M in 2019.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($175M), Raw Aluminium ($139M), Raw Cotton ($86M), Zinc Ore ($73.1M), and Other Ores ($50.9M). The most common destination for the exports of Tajikistan are Turkey ($190M), Switzerland ($175M), Uzbekistan ($133M), Kazakhstan ($93.6M), and China ($82.6M).

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Yearly Imports

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Value
Depth

Top Import (2019): Refined Petroleum, $330M

Top Origin (2019): China, $1.61B

In 2019 Tajikistan imported $4.02B, making it the number 143 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Tajikistan changed by -$1.15B from $5.17B in 2014 to $4.02B in 2019.

The most recent imports of Tajikistan are led by Refined Petroleum ($330M), Wheat ($205M), Petroleum Gas ($163M), Aluminium Oxide ($112M), and Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($111M). The most common import partners for Tajikistan are China ($1.61B), Russia ($953M), Kazakhstan ($649M), Uzbekistan ($190M), and Turkey ($156M).

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Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2018 - 2019)

  • China, $7.82M (+ 10.5%)
  • Chinese Taipei, $4.99M (+ 19.7%)
  • Croatia, $2.15M (+ 9.44k%)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2018 - 2019)

Tajikistan Exports Services (2017): $204M

Tajikistan Imports Services (2017): $107M

In 2017, Tajikistan exported $204M worth of services. The top services exported by Tajikistan in 2017 were Other transport ($165M), Sea transport ($18.3M), Telecommunications services ($5.35M), Government services, n.i.e. ($5.19M), and Personal travel ($4.54M).

The top services imported by Tajikistan in 2017 were Other transport ($45M), Construction in the compiling economy ($41.5M), Government services, n.i.e. ($5.85M), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($5.55M), and Telecommunications services ($3.52M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Tajikistan are Ice, snow and potable water not sweetened or flavoure (74.4%) and Ethyl alcohol and other spirits, denatured (43.5%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

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*The tariffs applied to imports for Tajikistan are:
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
164: Preferential tariff for Armenia
170: Preferential tariff for Belarus
190: Preferential tariff for Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries
248: Preferential tariff for Kazakhstan
251: Preferential tariff for Kyrgyzstan
254: Preferential tariff for Least Developed Countries
292: Preferential tariff for Russian federation
331: Preferential tariff for Uzbekistan

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

During the last 20 years Tajikistan's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨86th to the 113th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Tajikistan has a high level of specialization in Lead Ore (154), Zinc Ore (146), Raw Cotton (125), Non-Retail Pure Cotton Yarn (78.8), and Cement (72.7). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Tajikistan observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Tajikistan according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Uncoated paper and paperboard nes (0.52), Weaving machines (looms) (0.35), Sausages, similar products of meat, meat offal & blood (0.28), Bar, rod, angle etc nes, hollow steel drill bars (0.19), and Fluorides and complex fluorine salts (0.043). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Tajikistan according to the relatedness index, are Dried Legumes (0.089), Petroleum Gas (0.087), Insect Resins (0.086), Perfume Plants (0.086), and Tin Ores (0.086). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Tajikistan is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Diversification Frontier

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Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.