Overview In 2021, Tajikistan was the number 148 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 145 in total exports, the number 138 in total imports, the number 185 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 94 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) .

Exports The top exports of Tajikistan are Gold ($781M), Raw Aluminium ($231M), Raw Cotton ($205M), Antimony ($152M), and Zinc Ore ($141M), exporting mostly to Switzerland ($538M), Kazakhstan ($360M), Turkey ($240M), China ($159M), and Uzbekistan ($130M).

In 2021, Tajikistan was the world's biggest exporter of Antimony ($152M)

Imports The top imports of Tajikistan are Refined Petroleum ($387M), Wheat ($225M), Petroleum Gas ($214M), Raw Iron Bars ($117M), and Cars ($99.5M), importing mostly from China ($1.62B), Russia ($1.16B), Kazakhstan ($722M), Uzbekistan ($343M), and Turkey ($274M).

Location Tajikistan borders Afghanistan, China, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan by land.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade


The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Tajikistan.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Latest Data


The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Subscribe today to OEC pro and access the latest data

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Top Export (2021)Gold$781M
Top Destination (2021)Switzerland$538M

In 2021, Tajikistan exported a total of $2.1B, making it the number 145 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Tajikistan have changed by $876M from $1.23B in 2016 to $2.1B in 2021.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($781M), Raw Aluminium ($231M), Raw Cotton ($205M), Antimony ($152M), and Zinc Ore ($141M). The most common destination for the exports of Tajikistan are Switzerland ($538M), Kazakhstan ($360M), Turkey ($240M), China ($159M), and Uzbekistan ($130M).

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Exports (2021)
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Destinations (2021)
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Market Growth

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2020 - 2021)
Kazakhstan$207M (+ 136%)
Hong Kong$127M (+ 2.32M%)
China$122M (+ 325%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2020 - 2021)
China$621M (+ 62%)
Russia$418M (+ 56.6%)
Turkey$89.2M (+ 48.3%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2020 - 2021)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Tajikistan Exports Services (2017)$204M
Tajikistan Imports Services (2017)$107M

In 2017, Tajikistan exported $204M worth of services. The top services exported by Tajikistan in 2017 were Other transport ($165M), Sea transport ($18.3M), Telecommunications services ($5.35M), Government services, n.i.e. ($5.19M), and Personal travel ($4.54M).

The top services imported by Tajikistan in 2017 were Other transport ($45M), Construction in the compiling economy ($41.5M), Government services, n.i.e. ($5.85M), Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($5.55M), and Telecommunications services ($3.52M).

Service Exports (2017)

Service Imports (2017)

Economic Complexity

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Tajikistan has a high level of specialization in Lead Ore (181), Zinc Ore (114), Raw Cotton (110), Alkaline Metals (73.8), and Dried Fruits (53). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Tajikistan observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

The highest complexity exports of Tajikistan according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Fireworks, signalling flares, rain rockets, fog signals and other pyrotechnic articles (0.55), Machinery for preparing, tanning or working hides, skins or leather or for... (0.26), Machines for cleaning, sorting, grading seed, grain, dried leguminous vegetables; machinery used... (0.21), Railway or tramway goods vans and wagons; not self-propelled (-0.051), and Aluminium; bars, rods and profiles (-0.2). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Tajikistan according to the relatedness index, were Chromium Ore (0.092), Tin Ores (0.092), Insect Resins (0.089), Manganese Ore (0.089), and Dried Legumes (0.088). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Tajikistan is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Tajikistan. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Tajikistan exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier


The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking


During the last 20 years Tajikistan's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨nullth to the 94th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

Explore Rankings

ECI (Trade) Ranking by Country

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