Flag Syria

Product Exports (2018): $695M, Rank 157 of 222

Exports Per Capita (2018): $41.1, Rank 107 of 219

Product Imports (2018): $6.21B, Rank 119 of 221

Imports Per Capita (2018): $367, Rank 102 of 219

Service Exports (2010): $7.33B, Rank 66 of 189

Service Imports (2010): $3.53B, Rank 79 of 187

Overview: In 2018 Syria was the number 157 in total exports and the number 119 in total imports. In 2018, Syria exported $695M and imported $6.21B, resulting in a negative trade balance of -$5.52B. In 2018, Syria's exports per capita were $41.1 and its imports per capita were $367.

Trade: The top exports of Syria are Pure Olive Oil ($129M), Spice Seeds ($71.7M), Other Nuts ($50M), Apples and Pears ($28.9M), and Calcium Phosphates ($27.3M). The top imports of Syria are Broadcasting Equipment ($577M), Rolled Tobacco ($339M), Raw Sugar ($152M), Seed Oils ($119M), and Wheat Flours ($109M).

Destinations: Syria exports mostly to Saudi Arabia ($105M), Lebanon ($91.2M), Egypt ($80.9M), Turkey ($69.3M), and Jordan ($67.9M), and imports mostly from China ($1.28B), Turkey ($1.24B), United Arab Emirates ($1.19B), Egypt ($320M), and Russia ($228M).

Location: Syria borders Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, and Turkey by land and Cyprus by sea.

Product Exports

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Top Export (2018): Pure Olive Oil, $129M

Top Destination (2018): Saudi Arabia, $105M

In 2018 Syria exported a total of $695M, making it the number 157 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Syria have changed by -$686M from $1.38B in 2013 to $695M in 2018.

The most recent exports are led by Pure Olive Oil ($129M), Spice Seeds ($71.7M), Other Nuts ($50M), Apples and Pears ($28.9M), and Calcium Phosphates ($27.3M). The most common destination for the exports of Syria are Saudi Arabia ($105M), Lebanon ($91.2M), Egypt ($80.9M), Turkey ($69.3M), and Jordan ($67.9M).

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Product Imports

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Top Import (2018): Broadcasting Equipment, $577M

Top Origin (2018): China, $1.28B

In 2018 Syria imported $6.21B, making it the number 119 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Syria changed by $539M from $5.67B in 2013 to $6.21B in 2018.

The most recent imports of Syria are led by Broadcasting Equipment ($577M), Rolled Tobacco ($339M), Raw Sugar ($152M), Seed Oils ($119M), and Wheat Flours ($109M). The most common import partners for Syria are China ($1.28B), Turkey ($1.24B), United Arab Emirates ($1.19B), Egypt ($320M), and Russia ($228M).

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Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2017 - 2018)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2017 - 2018)

Syria Exports Services (2010): $7.33B

Syria Imports Services (2010): $3.53B

In 2010, Syria exported $7.33B worth of services. The top services exported by Syria in 2010 were Personal travel ($6.19B), Transportation ($529M), Government services, n.i.e. ($293M), Communications services ($141M), and Financial services ($67.2M).

The top services imported by Syria in 2010 were Transportation ($1.59B), Personal travel ($1.51B), Insurance services ($121M), Government services, n.i.e. ($96.3M), and Services not allocated ($94.4M).

Trade Forecasts

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This section shows forecasts for total product exports and imports for Syria. The forecast is based in a long short-term memory model or LSTM constructed using yearly trade data.

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Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Syria are Agarbatti, odorifers operated by burning (80%) and Articles of apparel & clothing accessories of furskin (80%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

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*The tariffs applied to imports for Syria are:
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
313: Preferential tariff for the League of Arab States

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 18 years Syria's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively more complex, moving from the ⁩⁨86th to the 69th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Syria has a high level of specialization in Spice Seeds (1.87k), Pure Olive Oil (401), Preserved Vegetables (263), Calcium Phosphates (222), and Spices (98.3). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Syria observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Syria according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Self-adhesive plates, sheets, film etc of plastic (1.55), Rubberised textile fabric, except tyre cord (1.19), Machine-tools (metal, carbides, etc), no metal removal (1.13), Aldehyde, its cyclic polymers, paraformaldehyde (1.02), and Paintings, drawings, pastels, collages etc, hand made (0.84). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Syria according to the relatedness index, are Knit Women's Suits (0.26), Insect Resins (0.26), Knit Men's Shirts (0.25), Packing Bags (0.25), and Knit Women's Shirts (0.25). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Syria is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.