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Overview In 2021 Eswatini was the number 139 economy in the world in terms of total exports and the number 160 in total imports.

Exports The top exports of Eswatini are Scented Mixtures ($618M), Raw Sugar ($426M), Gold ($280M), Industrial Fatty Acids, Oils and Alcohols ($263M), and Sawn Wood ($86.5M), exporting mostly to South Africa ($1.4B), India ($285M), Kenya ($134M), Nigeria ($81M), and Mozambique ($74.5M).

Imports The top imports of Eswatini are Refined Petroleum ($181M), Electricity ($144M), Medical Instruments ($56.6M), Packaged Medicaments ($48M), and Light Mixed Woven Cotton ($45.3M), importing mostly from South Africa ($1.53B), China ($211M), India ($58.2M), United States ($39.7M), and Mozambique ($32.7M).

Location Eswatini borders Mozambique and South Africa by land.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade

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Y-AXIS SCALE

The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Eswatini.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Latest Data

Flow
Color
Depth

The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Subscribe today to OEC pro and access the latest data

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Flow
Color
Depth
Top Export (2021)Scented Mixtures$618M
Top Destination (2021)South Africa$1.4B

In 2021, Eswatini exported a total of $2.51B, making it the number 139 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Eswatini have changed by $763M from $1.75B in 2016 to $2.51B in 2021.

The most recent exports are led by Scented Mixtures ($618M), Raw Sugar ($426M), Gold ($280M), Industrial Fatty Acids, Oils and Alcohols ($263M), and Sawn Wood ($86.5M). The most common destination for the exports of Eswatini are South Africa ($1.4B), India ($285M), Kenya ($134M), Nigeria ($81M), and Mozambique ($74.5M).

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Exports (2021)
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Destinations (2021)
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Market Growth

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2020 - 2021)
India$279M (+ 4.98k%)
South Africa$273M (+ 24.1%)
Spain$27.8M (+ 892%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2020 - 2021)
South Africa$381M (+ 33.1%)
China$89.6M (+ 73.7%)
Mozambique$16.9M (+ 107%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2020 - 2021)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Eswatini Exports Services (2015)$251M
Eswatini Imports Services (2015)$510M

In 2015, Eswatini exported $251M worth of services. The top services exported by Eswatini in 2015 were Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($118M), Other transport ($59.3M), Government services, n.i.e. ($28M), Construction in the compiling economy ($24.9M), and Insurance services ($11.3M).

The top services imported by Eswatini in 2015 were Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($354M), Other transport ($54.5M), Government services, n.i.e. ($35.1M), Insurance services ($18.2M), and Air transport ($14.2M).

Service Exports (2015)

Service Imports (2015)

Economic Complexity

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Eswatini has a high level of specialization in Scented Mixtures (180), Raw Sugar (127), Other Sugars (34.2), Zippers (31.6), and Non-Knit Men's Undergarments (29). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Eswatini observed and expected exports in each product.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Eswatini according to the relatedness index, were Knit Sweaters (0.12), Crustaceans (0.12), Non-Knit Active Wear (0.12), Other Knit Garments (0.12), and Knit Men's Coats (0.11). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Eswatini is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Eswatini. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Eswatini exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

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