Overview In 2020 Eswatini was the number 139 economy in the world in terms of total exports and the number 162 in total imports.

Exports The top exports of Eswatini are Scented Mixtures ($530M), Raw Sugar ($397M), Industrial Fatty Acids, Oils and Alcohols ($206M), Sawn Wood ($60.4M), and Non-Knit Men's Suits ($53M), exporting mostly to South Africa ($1.13B), Nigeria ($143M), Kenya ($130M), Mozambique ($70.2M), and United Kingdom ($55.6M).

Imports The top imports of Eswatini are Refined Petroleum ($142M), Electricity ($69.4M), Packaged Medicaments ($47.5M), Corn ($37.4M), and Light Mixed Woven Cotton ($32.6M), importing mostly from South Africa ($1.14B), China ($121M), India ($56.4M), United States ($32.2M), and Japan ($24M).

Location Eswatini borders Mozambique and South Africa by land.

Flow
View
Y-AXIS SCALE

The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Eswatini.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Flow
Value
Depth

Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

#permalink to section
Flow
Value
Depth

Top Export (2020): Scented Mixtures, $530M

Top Destination (2020): South Africa, $1.14B

In 2020, Eswatini exported a total of $1.93B, making it the number 139 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Eswatini have changed by -$7.07M from $1.94B in 2015 to $1.93B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Scented Mixtures ($530M), Raw Sugar ($397M), Industrial Fatty Acids, Oils and Alcohols ($206M), Sawn Wood ($60.4M), and Non-Knit Men's Suits ($53M). The most common destination for the exports of Eswatini are South Africa ($1.13B), Nigeria ($143M), Kenya ($130M), Mozambique ($70.2M), and United Kingdom ($55.6M).

Explore Visualizations

Flow
View

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Eswatini Exports Services (2015): $251M

Eswatini Imports Services (2015): $510M

In 2015, Eswatini exported $251M worth of services. The top services exported by Eswatini in 2015 were Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($118M), Other transport ($59.3M), Government services, n.i.e. ($28M), Construction in the compiling economy ($24.9M), and Insurance services ($11.3M).

The top services imported by Eswatini in 2015 were Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($354M), Other transport ($54.5M), Government services, n.i.e. ($35.1M), Insurance services ($18.2M), and Air transport ($14.2M).

Economic Complexity

#permalink to section

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

#permalink to section

Eswatini has a high level of specialization in Scented Mixtures (177), Raw Sugar (137), Zippers (35.3), Jams (32.1), and Industrial Fatty Acids, Oils and Alcohols (31.8). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Eswatini observed and expected exports in each product.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

#permalink to section

The top export opportunities for Eswatini according to the relatedness index, are Knit Sweaters (0.12), Molasses (0.12), Other Knit Garments (0.12), Crustaceans (0.12), and Knit Men's Undergarments (0.12). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Eswatini is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

#permalink to section

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Eswatini. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Eswatini exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

#permalink to section
Filter
Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.