Overview In 2020 Sierra Leone was the number 166 economy in the world in terms of total exports and the number 170 in total imports.

Exports The top exports of Sierra Leone are Titanium Ore ($158M), Rough Wood ($109M), Diamonds ($66.4M), Aluminium Ore ($49.5M), and Cocoa Beans ($47.3M), exporting mostly to China ($142M), Belgium ($110M), Netherlands ($47M), Romania ($38.2M), and United States ($30.4M).

Imports The top imports of Sierra Leone are Rice ($134M), Packaged Medicaments ($69.7M), Cars ($37.6M), Cement ($24.4M), and Poultry Meat ($23.3M), importing mostly from China ($371M), India ($125M), Turkey ($75.6M), United States ($69.1M), and Netherlands ($68.2M).

Location Sierra Leone borders Guinea and Liberia by land.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Sierra Leone.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Top Export (2020): Titanium Ore, $158M

Top Destination (2020): China, $371M

In 2020, Sierra Leone exported a total of $532M, making it the number 166 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Sierra Leone have changed by -$88.1M from $620M in 2015 to $532M in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Titanium Ore ($158M), Rough Wood ($109M), Diamonds ($66.4M), Aluminium Ore ($49.5M), and Cocoa Beans ($47.3M). The most common destination for the exports of Sierra Leone are China ($142M), Belgium ($110M), Netherlands ($47M), Romania ($38.2M), and United States ($30.4M).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Sierra Leone Exports Services (2018): $116M

Sierra Leone Imports Services (2018): $404M

In 2018, Sierra Leone exported $116M worth of services. The top services exported by Sierra Leone in 2018 were Personal travel ($20.5M), Other business services ($19.6M), Business travel ($18.2M), Transportation ($18M), and Computer and information services ($15.9M).

The top services imported by Sierra Leone in 2018 were Transportation ($150M), Other business services ($111M), Personal travel ($47.5M), Computer and information services ($35.4M), and Insurance services ($35.1M).

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Sierra Leone has a high level of specialization in Titanium Ore (2.07k), Niobium, Tantalum, Vanadium and Zirconium Ore (295), Aluminium Ore (284), Rough Wood (258), and Cocoa Beans (174). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Sierra Leone observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Sierra Leone according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Textile Fiber Machinery (1.45), Other Electrical Machinery (1.35), Flat-Rolled Stainless Steel (1.32), Conveyor Belt Textiles (1.19), and Textiles for technical uses (1.08). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Sierra Leone according to the relatedness index, are Coconut Oil (0.069), Tin Ores (0.063), Rubber (0.062), Manganese Ore (0.061), and Gold (0.061). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Sierra Leone is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Sierra Leone. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Sierra Leone exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.