Overview In 2020 Sudan was the number 110 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 123 in total exports, the number 108 in total imports, the number 191 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 117 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Sudan are Gold ($1.84B), Other Oily Seeds ($746M), Crude Petroleum ($317M), Ground Nuts ($305M), and Sheep and Goats ($143M), exporting mostly to United Arab Emirates ($1.86B), China ($766M), India ($254M), Saudi Arabia ($241M), and Italy ($164M).

In 2020, Sudan was the world's biggest exporter of Other Oily Seeds ($746M)and Ground Nut Meal ($35.4M)

Imports The top imports of Sudan are Raw Sugar ($560M), Wheat ($530M), Cars ($411M), Packaged Medicaments ($256M), and Tractors ($168M), importing mostly from China ($2.51B), United Arab Emirates ($1.14B), India ($1.05B), Saudi Arabia ($644M), and Egypt ($473M).

Location Sudan borders Central African Republic, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Libya, and South Sudan by land and Saudi Arabia by sea.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Sudan.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Top Export (2020): Gold, $1.84B

Top Destination (2020): United Arab Emirates, $1.86B

In 2020, Sudan exported a total of $4.03B, making it the number 123 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Sudan have changed by -$1.3B from $5.33B in 2015 to $4.03B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Gold ($1.84B), Other Oily Seeds ($746M), Crude Petroleum ($317M), Ground Nuts ($305M), and Sheep and Goats ($143M). The most common destination for the exports of Sudan are United Arab Emirates ($1.86B), China ($766M), India ($254M), Saudi Arabia ($241M), and Italy ($164M).

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Yearly Imports

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Top Import (2020): Raw Sugar, $560M

Top Origin (2020): China, $2.51B

In 2020 Sudan imported $8.58B, making it the number 108 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Sudan changed by -$2.39B from $11B in 2015 to $8.58B in 2020.

The most recent imports of Sudan are led by Raw Sugar ($560M), Wheat ($530M), Cars ($411M), Packaged Medicaments ($256M), and Tractors ($168M). The most common import partners for Sudan are China ($2.51B), United Arab Emirates ($1.14B), India ($1.05B), Saudi Arabia ($644M), and Egypt ($473M).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Sudan Exports Services (2015): $1.73B

Sudan Imports Services (2015): $1.64B

In 2015, Sudan exported $1.73B worth of services. The top services exported by Sudan in 2015 were Business travel ($940M), Other transport ($532M), Government services, n.i.e. ($128M), Other business services ($98.1M), and Construction in the compiling economy ($14.3M).

The top services imported by Sudan in 2015 were Other transport ($964M), Insurance services ($194M), Other business services ($163M), Business travel ($154M), and Government services, n.i.e. ($103M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Sudan are Abrasive powder or grain on a base of other material (40%)and Abrasive powder, grain on paper or paperboard support (40%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Sudan are:
115: Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Group I) FTA Member States
116: Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Group II) Non-FTA Member States
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
213: Preferential tariff for Ethiopia
313: Preferential tariff for the League of Arab States

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Sudan has a high level of specialization in Other Oily Seeds (545), Insect Resins (523), Sheep and Goats (405), Ground Nuts (312), and Ground Nut Oil (306). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Sudan observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Sudan according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Zinc waste or scrap (-0.53), Meat of bovine animals, fresh or chilled (-0.59), Waste, parings and scrap, of plastics (-0.63), Live bovine animals (-0.8), and Animal fodder and forage products, roots etc. (-0.9). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Sudan according to the relatedness index, are Manganese Ore (0.073), Cocoa Beans (0.073), Niobium, Tantalum, Vanadium and Zirconium Ore (0.071), Tropical Fruits (0.069), and Other Hides and Skins (0.066). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Sudan is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Sudan. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Sudan exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 19 years Sudan's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨82nd to the 117th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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