Overview In 2021, Qatar was the number 56 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 40 in total exports, the number 69 in total imports, the number 15 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 70 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) .

Exports The top exports of Qatar are Petroleum Gas ($57.2B), Crude Petroleum ($14.8B), Refined Petroleum ($11.1B), Ethylene Polymers ($2.35B), and Nitrogenous Fertilizers ($1.97B), exporting mostly to China ($12B), Japan ($10.7B), India ($10.3B), South Korea ($9.31B), and Singapore ($5.88B).

Imports The top imports of Qatar are Cars ($1.72B), Gas Turbines ($1.57B), Jewellery ($950M), Broadcasting Equipment ($926M), and Gold ($564M), importing mostly from China ($4.21B), United Arab Emirates ($2.46B), United States ($2.18B), United Kingdom ($1.9B), and India ($1.85B).

In 2021, Qatar was the world's biggest importer of Precious Stone Dust ($65.8M)

Location Qatar borders Saudi Arabia by land and Bahrain, Iran, and United Arab Emirates by sea.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade


The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Qatar.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Latest Data


The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Top Export (2021)Petroleum Gas$57.2B
Top Destination (2021)China$12B

In 2021, Qatar exported a total of $94.7B, making it the number 40 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Qatar have changed by $34.7B from $60B in 2016 to $94.7B in 2021.

The most recent exports are led by Petroleum Gas ($57.2B), Crude Petroleum ($14.8B), Refined Petroleum ($11.1B), Ethylene Polymers ($2.35B), and Nitrogenous Fertilizers ($1.97B). The most common destination for the exports of Qatar are China ($12B), Japan ($10.7B), India ($10.3B), South Korea ($9.31B), and Singapore ($5.88B).

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Exports (2021)
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Destinations (2021)
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Market Growth

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2020 - 2021)
China$4.9B (+ 69.2%)
United Kingdom$3.73B (+ 351%)
Italy$3.47B (+ 307%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2020 - 2021)
United Arab Emirates$2.46B (+ 289k%)
China$796M (+ 23.3%)
India$510M (+ 38.1%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2020 - 2021)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Qatar Exports Services (2018)$18.3B
Qatar Imports Services (2018)$29.7B

In 2018, Qatar exported $18.3B worth of services. The top services exported by Qatar in 2018 were Transportation ($10.1B), Travel ($5.57B), Communications services ($782M), Insurance services ($711M), and Personal, cultural, and recreational services ($661M).

The top services imported by Qatar in 2018 were Transportation ($11.4B), Travel ($9.27B), Insurance services ($3.16B), Communications services ($2.41B), and Government services, n.i.e. ($1.77B).

Service Exports (2018)

Service Imports (2018)

Economic Complexity


Economic Complexity (Trade)-0.17Rank 70 of 131
Economic Complexity (Technology)-1.01Rank 76 of 96
Economic Complexity (Research)0.028Rank 60 of 140

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Qatar has a high level of specialization in Sulphur (35.4), Petroleum Gas (29), Nitrogenous Fertilizers (12), Alkylbenzenes and Alkylnaphthalenes (11.8), and Hydrogen (11.2). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Qatar observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

The highest complexity exports of Qatar according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Halogenated derivatives of hydrocarbons (0.94), Sodium hydroxide (caustic soda); potassium hydroxide (caustic potash) peroxides of sodium or... (0.35), Acyclic hydrocarbons (0.28), Hydrogen, rare gases and other non-metals (0.1), and Ethers, ether-alcohols, ether-phenols, ether-alcohol-phenols, alcohol peroxides, ether peroxides, ketone peroxides (chemically defined... (0.069). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Qatar according to the relatedness index, were Special Purpose Ships (0.038), Pig Iron (0.038), Iron Ore (0.037), Coal Briquettes (0.037), and Typewriters (0.036). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Qatar is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Qatar. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Qatar exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier


The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking


During the last 20 years Qatar's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively more complex, moving from the ⁩⁨86th to the 70th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

Explore Rankings

ECI (Trade) Ranking by Country

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