Overview In 2020, Peru was the number 50 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 53 in total exports, the number 59 in total imports, the number 94 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 89 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Peru are Copper Ore ($9.23B), Gold ($6.46B), Refined Copper ($1.8B), Petroleum Gas ($1.41B), and Animal Meal and Pellets ($1.19B), exporting mostly to China ($11.3B), United States ($6.36B), South Korea ($2.71B), Canada ($2.42B), and Japan ($1.91B).

In 2020, Peru was the world's biggest exporter of Animal Meal and Pellets ($1.19B) and Fish oil ($365M)

Imports The top imports of Peru are Refined Petroleum ($2.18B), Broadcasting Equipment ($1.08B), Computers ($833M), Cars ($828M), and Crude Petroleum ($752M), importing mostly from China ($9.91B), United States ($6.82B), Brazil ($1.77B), Chile ($1.46B), and Argentina ($1.41B).

In 2020, Peru was the world's biggest importer of Sulfides ($44.1M)

Location Peru borders Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, and Ecuador by land and Costa Rica by sea.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Peru.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Top Export (2020): Copper Ore, $9.23B

Top Destination (2020): China, $9.91B

In 2020, Peru exported a total of $40.5B, making it the number 53 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Peru have changed by $6.07B from $34.5B in 2015 to $40.5B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Copper Ore ($9.23B), Gold ($6.46B), Refined Copper ($1.8B), Petroleum Gas ($1.41B), and Animal Meal and Pellets ($1.19B). The most common destination for the exports of Peru are China ($11.3B), United States ($6.36B), South Korea ($2.71B), Canada ($2.42B), and Japan ($1.91B).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Peru Exports Services (2018): $7.36B

Peru Imports Services (2018): $9.9B

In 2018, Peru exported $7.36B worth of services. The top services exported by Peru in 2018 were Personal travel ($3.95B), Transportation ($1.61B), Other business services ($687M), Insurance services ($681M), and Government services, n.i.e. ($166M).

The top services imported by Peru in 2018 were Transportation ($2.91B), Personal travel ($2.67B), Other business services ($1.62B), Insurance services ($1.05B), and Computer and information services ($862M).

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Peru has a high level of specialization in Animal Meal and Pellets (71), Fish oil (62.2), Copper Ore (61.7), Lead Ore (55.8), and Zinc Ore (52.8). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Peru observed and expected exports in each product.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Peru according to the relatedness index, are Manganese Ore (0.22), Insect Resins (0.21), Palm Oil (0.2), Wool (0.2), and Other Ores (0.2). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Peru is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Peru. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Peru exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 20 years Peru's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨62nd to the 89th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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