Overview In 2022, Peru was the number 51 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 54 in total exports, the number 57 in total imports, the number 89 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 87 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) .

Exports The top exports of Peru are Copper Ore ($13.5B), Gold ($7.4B), Petroleum Gas ($3.06B), Refined Copper ($2.52B), and Refined Petroleum ($2.18B), exporting mostly to China ($17.6B), United States ($8.69B), Japan ($2.83B), Canada ($2.69B), and South Korea ($2.62B).

In 2022, Peru was the world's biggest exporter of Animal Meal and Pellets ($1.88B), Grapes ($1.34B), Fish oil ($556M), and Lake Pigments ($73.3M)

Imports The top imports of Peru are Refined Petroleum ($7.45B), Crude Petroleum ($2.1B), Cars ($1.8B), Broadcasting Equipment ($1.38B), and Delivery Trucks ($1.36B), importing mostly from China ($15.1B), United States ($13.8B), Brazil ($3.54B), Argentina ($2.49B), and Chile ($1.84B).

In 2022, Peru was the world's biggest importer of Sulfides ($64.8M)

Location Peru borders Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, and Ecuador by land and Costa Rica by sea.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade


The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Peru.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

* Trade values are converted to USD using each month's exchange rate. For December 2023 data, the exchange rate from December 30, 2023 is used.

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Latest Data


The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Top Export (2022)Copper Ore$13.5B
Top Destination (2022)China$17.6B

In 2022, Peru exported a total of $59.4B, making it the number 54 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Peru have changed by $14.4B from $45B in 2017 to $59.4B in 2022.

The most recent exports are led by Copper Ore ($13.5B), Gold ($7.4B), Petroleum Gas ($3.06B), Refined Copper ($2.52B), and Refined Petroleum ($2.18B). The most common destination for the exports of Peru are China ($17.6B), United States ($8.69B), Japan ($2.83B), Canada ($2.69B), and South Korea ($2.62B).

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Exports (2022)
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Destinations (2022)
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Market Growth

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2021 - 2022)
United States$1.3B (+ 17.6%)
United Kingdom$1.16B (+ 134%)
Brazil$437M (+ 40.1%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2021 - 2022)
United States$3.99B (+ 40.8%)
China$885M (+ 6.21%)
Argentina$762M (+ 44.1%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2021 - 2022)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Peru Exports Services (2018)$7.36B
Peru Imports Services (2018)$9.9B

In 2018, Peru exported $7.36B worth of services. The top services exported by Peru in 2018 were Personal travel ($3.95B), Transportation ($1.61B), Other business services ($687M), Insurance services ($681M), and Government services, n.i.e. ($166M).

The top services imported by Peru in 2018 were Transportation ($2.91B), Personal travel ($2.67B), Other business services ($1.62B), Insurance services ($1.05B), and Computer and information services ($862M).

Service Exports (2018)

Service Imports (2018)

Economic Complexity


Economic Complexity (Trade)-0.66Rank 87 of 124
Economic Complexity (Technology)0.18Rank 45 of 96
Economic Complexity (Research)-0.0066Rank 54 of 135

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Peru has a high level of specialization in Animal Meal and Pellets (81.7), Fish oil (69.9), Copper Ore (59.7), Lead Ore (58), and Molybdenum Ore (56.9). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Peru observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

The highest complexity exports of Peru according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Safety glass, consisting of toughened (tempered) or laminated glass (0.71), Yarn of combed wool, not put up for retail sale (0.67), Retreaded or used pneumatic tyres of rubber; solid or cushion tyres, tyre... (0.62), Wires, rods, tubes, plates, electrodes of base metal or metal carbides; of... (0.58), and Copper plates, sheets and strip; of a thickness exceeding 0.15mm (0.5). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Peru according to the relatedness index, were Manganese Ore (0.23), Insect Resins (0.21), Crude Petroleum (0.2), Raw Cotton (0.2), and Packing Bags (0.2). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Peru is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Peru. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Peru exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier


The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking


During the last 20 years Peru's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨71st to the 87th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

Explore Rankings

ECI (Trade) Ranking by Country

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