Flag Oman

2019
Economic
Complexity
: -0.19, Rank 83 of 157

2019
Product
Exports | Imports
: $37.5B | $30B, 57 of 225 |  67 of 225

2019
Per Capita Product
Exports | Imports
: $7.54k | $6.03k, 65 of 219 |  75 of 219

2018
Service
Exports | Imports
: $4.46B | $11.7B, 45 of 88 | 30 of 88

Overview: In 2019 Oman was the number 69 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 57 in total exports, the number 67 in total imports, the number 58 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 83 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports: The top exports of Oman are Crude Petroleum ($17.9B), Petroleum Gas ($5.42B), Refined Petroleum ($2.61B), Semi-Finished Iron ($899M), and Nitrogenous Fertilizers ($860M), exporting mostly to China ($17.3B), India ($2.99B), Japan ($2.43B), South Korea ($2.39B), and United Arab Emirates ($2.08B).

Imports: The top imports of Oman are Cars ($3.28B), Refined Petroleum ($1.25B), Broadcasting Equipment ($1.15B), Gold ($800M), and Iron Ore ($741M), importing mostly from United Arab Emirates ($10.9B), China ($3.02B), Japan ($2.1B), India ($2.07B), and United States ($1.49B).

Location: Oman borders Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen by land and Iran and Pakistan by sea.

Yearly Exports

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Value
Depth

Top Export (2019): Crude Petroleum, $17.9B

Top Destination (2019): China, $17.3B

In 2019, Oman exported a total of $37.5B, making it the number 57 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Oman have changed by -$10.6B from $48.1B in 2014 to $37.5B in 2019.

The most recent exports are led by Crude Petroleum ($17.9B), Petroleum Gas ($5.42B), Refined Petroleum ($2.61B), Semi-Finished Iron ($899M), and Nitrogenous Fertilizers ($860M). The most common destination for the exports of Oman are China ($17.3B), India ($2.99B), Japan ($2.43B), South Korea ($2.39B), and United Arab Emirates ($2.08B).

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Yearly Imports

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Value
Depth

Top Import (2019): Cars, $3.28B

Top Origin (2019): United Arab Emirates, $10.9B

In 2019 Oman imported $30B, making it the number 67 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Oman changed by -$2.38B from $32.4B in 2014 to $30B in 2019.

The most recent imports of Oman are led by Cars ($3.28B), Refined Petroleum ($1.25B), Broadcasting Equipment ($1.15B), Gold ($800M), and Iron Ore ($741M). The most common import partners for Oman are United Arab Emirates ($10.9B), China ($3.02B), Japan ($2.1B), India ($2.07B), and United States ($1.49B).

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Flow

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2018 - 2019)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2018 - 2019)

Oman Exports Services (2018): $4.46B

Oman Imports Services (2018): $11.7B

In 2018, Oman exported $4.46B worth of services. The top services exported by Oman in 2018 were Transportation ($2.12B), Personal travel ($1.32B), Business travel ($440M), Other business services ($437M), and Computer and information services ($104M).

The top services imported by Oman in 2018 were Transportation ($4.52B), Other business services ($3.4B), Personal travel ($2.17B), Insurance services ($1.06B), and Business travel ($369M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Oman are Beer made from malt (100%) and Bellies (streaky) of swine, salted, dried or smoked (100%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

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*The tariffs applied to imports for Oman are:
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement
217: Preferential tariff for European Free Trade Association (EFTA) countries
231: Preferential tariff for Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)
299: Preferential tariff for Singapore
313: Preferential tariff for the League of Arab States
328: Preferential tariff for United States

Economic Complexity

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Economic Complexity Ranking

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Scale

During the last 20 years Oman's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively mÑs complex, moving from the ⁩⁨112th to the 83rd⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Oman has a high level of specialization in Iron Reductions (81.2), Gypsum (42.9), Limestone (36.7), Gravel and Crushed Stone (29.5), and Nitrogenous Fertilizers (17.5). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Oman observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Oman according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Aldehyde, its cyclic polymers, paraformaldehyde (0.99), Polyacetals, polyethers, polycarbonates, etc, primary (0.77), Cyclic hydrocarbons (0.71), Aluminium plates, sheets and strip, thickness > 0.2 mm (0.59), and Aluminium foil of a thickness < 0.2mm (0.52). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Oman according to the relatedness index, are Gold (0.1), Crustaceans (0.1), Tropical Fruits (0.099), Sheep Hides (0.098), and Other Oily Seeds (0.097). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Oman is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products it is currently specialized in.

Diversification Frontier

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Depth

The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk and the strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is a predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower emissions.