Overview In 2021, Netherlands was the number 17 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 6 in total exports, the number 8 in total imports,
the number 13 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 22 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) .
Exports The top exports of Netherlands are Refined Petroleum ($45B), Broadcasting Equipment ($19B), Packaged Medicaments ($18.4B), Photo Lab Equipment ($16.5B), and Computers ($15.9B), exporting mostly to Germany ($129B), Belgium ($80.2B), France ($57.1B), United Kingdom ($43.1B), and Italy ($31.2B).
In 2021, Netherlands was the world's biggest exporter of Other live plants, cuttings and slips;
mushroom spawn ($5.58B), Cut Flowers ($5.17B), Recreational Boats ($4.38B), Coal Tar Oil ($3.52B), and Malt Extract ($3.02B)
Imports The top imports of Netherlands are Crude Petroleum ($48.4B), Refined Petroleum ($40B), Broadcasting Equipment ($22.8B), Computers ($20.5B), and Office Machine Parts ($15.9B), importing mostly from Germany ($100B), China ($88.3B), United States ($50.8B), Belgium ($50.4B), and Russia ($39B).
In 2021, Netherlands was the world's biggest importer of Industrial Fatty Acids, Oils and Alcohols ($10.2B), Coal Tar Oil ($5.37B), Cocoa Beans ($1.94B), Inedible Fats and Oils ($1.63B), and Vehicle Bodies (including cabs) for the motor vehicles (8701 to 8705) ($1.46B)
Location Netherlands borders Belgium and Germany by land and Saint Kitts and Nevis, United Kingdom, Venezuela, and Anguilla by sea.