Overview In 2020 Mauritania was the number 146 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 125 in total exports, the number 148 in total imports, the number 156 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 119 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Mauritania are Iron Ore ($1.33B), Gold ($820M), Non-fillet Frozen Fish ($417M), Processed Crustaceans ($293M), and Copper Ore ($206M), exporting mostly to China ($1.26B), Switzerland ($562M), Spain ($306M), Canada ($284M), and Japan ($209M).

Imports The top imports of Mauritania are Raw Sugar ($170M), Wheat ($166M), Soybean Oil ($140M), Palm Oil ($113M), and Cars ($95.7M), importing mostly from China ($758M), France ($270M), United Arab Emirates ($229M), Morocco ($189M), and Spain ($159M).

Location Mauritania borders Algeria, Mali, Morocco, and Senegal by land and Cape Verde by sea.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Mauritania.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Data is presented based on data availability. Only countries using the Harmonic System (HS) are selected. Every source is shown using their own latest twelve months of data.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Yearly Exports

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Top Export (2020): Iron Ore, $1.33B

Top Destination (2020): China, $1.26B

In 2020, Mauritania exported a total of $3.7B, making it the number 125 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Mauritania have changed by $616M from $3.08B in 2015 to $3.7B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Iron Ore ($1.33B), Gold ($820M), Non-fillet Frozen Fish ($417M), Processed Crustaceans ($293M), and Copper Ore ($206M). The most common destination for the exports of Mauritania are China ($1.26B), Switzerland ($562M), Spain ($306M), Canada ($284M), and Japan ($209M).

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Yearly Imports

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Top Import (2020): Raw Sugar, $170M

Top Origin (2020): China, $758M

In 2020 Mauritania imported $3.41B, making it the number 148 trade destination in the world. During the last five reported years the imports of Mauritania changed by -$1.14B from $4.55B in 2015 to $3.41B in 2020.

The most recent imports of Mauritania are led by Raw Sugar ($170M), Wheat ($166M), Soybean Oil ($140M), Palm Oil ($113M), and Cars ($95.7M). The most common import partners for Mauritania are China ($758M), France ($270M), United Arab Emirates ($229M), Morocco ($189M), and Spain ($159M).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Mauritania Exports Services (2015): $206M

Mauritania Imports Services (2015): $599M

In 2015, Mauritania exported $206M worth of services. The top services exported by Mauritania in 2015 were Other business services ($124M), Government services, n.i.e. ($43.7M), Sea transport ($26.6M), Business travel ($4.77M), and Air transport ($4.76M).

The top services imported by Mauritania in 2015 were Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($292M), Sea transport ($200M), Government services, n.i.e. ($41.9M), Air transport ($32.6M), and Business travel ($20.6M).

Tariffs by Product

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The top product import tariffs by their MFN Ad Valorem value for Mauritania are Acrylic & vinyl polymer based paint, varnish, in wate (20%)and Acrylic or vinyl polymer paint or varnish, non-aqueou (20%).

Click any of the products in the bar chart to see the specific Ad Valorem Duty Rates by partner country.

*The tariffs applied to imports for Mauritania are:
136: Most Favoured Nation duty rate treatement

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Mauritania has a high level of specialization in Fish Oil (200), Iron Oxides and Hydroxides (138), Animal Meal and Pellets (104), Molluscs (83.5), and Non-fillet Frozen Fish (82). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Mauritania observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Mauritania according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Iron oxides, hydroxides, earth colours >70% iron (-0.23), Earth or snow moving, boring or pile driving machines (-0.42), Waste, parings and scrap, of plastics (-0.63), Animal or vegetable fertilizers, in packs >10 kg (-0.81), and Prepared explosives, except propellant powders (-1.1). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Mauritania according to the relatedness index, are Manganese Ore (0.05), Cocoa Beans (0.049), Crude Petroleum (0.046), Tropical Fruits (0.046), and Petroleum Gas (0.043). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Mauritania is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Mauritania. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Mauritania exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 13 years Mauritania's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨108th to the 119th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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