Overview In 2021, Mauritania was the number 146 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 127 in total exports, the number 143 in total imports, the number 161 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 119 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI) .

Exports The top exports of Mauritania are Iron Ore ($2.02B), Gold ($606M), Processed Crustaceans ($349M), Non-fillet Frozen Fish ($348M), and Copper Ore ($313M), exporting mostly to China ($1.76B), Spain ($389M), Canada ($337M), Turkey ($278M), and Japan ($278M).

Imports The top imports of Mauritania are Gold ($402M), Wheat ($172M), Cars ($170M), Palm Oil ($159M), and Unpackaged Medicaments ($157M), importing mostly from China ($947M), Turkey ($556M), France ($377M), United Arab Emirates ($308M), and Morocco ($282M).

Location Mauritania borders Algeria, Mali, Morocco, and Senegal by land and Cape Verde by sea.

Latest Trends

Latest Trade


The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Mauritania.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Latest Data


The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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Historical Data

Yearly Trade

Top Export (2021)Iron Ore$2.02B
Top Destination (2021)China$1.76B

In 2021, Mauritania exported a total of $4.14B, making it the number 127 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Mauritania have changed by $1.08B from $3.06B in 2016 to $4.14B in 2021.

The most recent exports are led by Iron Ore ($2.02B), Gold ($606M), Processed Crustaceans ($349M), Non-fillet Frozen Fish ($348M), and Copper Ore ($313M). The most common destination for the exports of Mauritania are China ($1.76B), Spain ($389M), Canada ($337M), Turkey ($278M), and Japan ($278M).

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Exports (2021)
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Destinations (2021)
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Market Growth

Fastest Growing Export Markets (2020 - 2021)
China$453M (+ 34.7%)
Turkey$246M (+ 772%)
Spain$83.3M (+ 27.2%)
Fastest Growing Import Markets (2020 - 2021)
Turkey$425M (+ 324%)
China$174M (+ 22.5%)
Indonesia$143M (+ 113%)

Total Export Growth by Market (2020 - 2021)

Service Trade

Service Trade

Mauritania Exports Services (2015)$206M
Mauritania Imports Services (2015)$599M

In 2015, Mauritania exported $206M worth of services. The top services exported by Mauritania in 2015 were Other business services ($124M), Government services, n.i.e. ($43.7M), Sea transport ($26.6M), Business travel ($4.77M), and Air transport ($4.76M).

The top services imported by Mauritania in 2015 were Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($292M), Sea transport ($200M), Government services, n.i.e. ($41.9M), Air transport ($32.6M), and Business travel ($20.6M).

Service Exports (2015)

Service Imports (2015)

Economic Complexity

Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

Mauritania has a high level of specialization in Fish oil (143), Processed Crustaceans (84.7), Animal Meal and Pellets (83.3), Non-fillet Frozen Fish (70.2), and Molluscs (53.6). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Mauritania observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

The highest complexity exports of Mauritania according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Preparations of a kind used in animal feeding (-0.14), Iron oxides and hydroxides; earth colours containing 70% or more by weight... (-0.57), Waste, parings and scrap, of plastics (-0.74), Twine, cordage or rope; knotted netting, made up fishing nets and other... (-0.84), and Fertilizers; animal or vegetable, whether or not mixed together or chemically treated;... (-0.85). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

The top export opportunities for Mauritania according to the relatedness index, were Cocoa Beans (0.053), Manganese Ore (0.048), Tropical Fruits (0.047), Crude Petroleum (0.047), and Cement (0.044). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Mauritania is not specialized in.

Product Space

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Mauritania. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Mauritania exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier


The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking


During the last 20 years Mauritania's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively less complex, moving from the ⁩⁨nullth to the 119th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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ECI Ranking by Country

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