Overview In 2020, Kuwait was the number 61 economy in the world in terms of GDP (current US$), the number 51 in total exports, the number 64 in total imports, the number 44 economy in terms of GDP per capita (current US$) and the number 56 most complex economy according to the Economic Complexity Index (ECI).

Exports The top exports of Kuwait are Crude Petroleum ($27.6B), Refined Petroleum ($5.3B), Petroleum Gas ($1.73B), Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($1.04B), and Cyclic Hydrocarbons ($741M), exporting mostly to China ($9.8B), India ($5.91B), South Korea ($5.15B), Japan ($4.03B), and Vietnam ($2.84B).

In 2020, Kuwait was the world's biggest exporter of Sulfonated, Nitrated or Nitrosated Hydrocarbons ($688M)

Imports The top imports of Kuwait are Cars ($2.36B), Packaged Medicaments ($820M), Broadcasting Equipment ($680M), Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($590M), and Copper Wire ($505M), importing mostly from China ($4.26B), United Arab Emirates ($3.18B), United States ($2.25B), Saudi Arabia ($1.75B), and Japan ($1.48B).

Location Kuwait borders Iraq and Saudi Arabia by land and Iran by sea.

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The following section uses the most recent trade data from partners of Kuwait.

Disclaimer: data is presented based on availability and only countries that use the harmonized system are being shown.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

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The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Latest Data (dev)

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The data obtained is mirror data. The trade of countries that do not report current data can be reconstructed based on data reported by partner countries with current data available.

*All data is converted to USD using January 2020 exchange rates when data is reported in local currency.

Historical Data

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Top Export (2020): Crude Petroleum, $27.6B

Top Destination (2020): China, $4.26B

In 2020, Kuwait exported a total of $41.6B, making it the number 51 exporter in the world. During the last five reported years the exports of Kuwait have changed by -$11.8B from $53.4B in 2015 to $41.6B in 2020.

The most recent exports are led by Crude Petroleum ($27.6B), Refined Petroleum ($5.3B), Petroleum Gas ($1.73B), Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft ($1.04B), and Cyclic Hydrocarbons ($741M). The most common destination for the exports of Kuwait are China ($9.8B), India ($5.91B), South Korea ($5.15B), Japan ($4.03B), and Vietnam ($2.84B).

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Fastest Growing Export Markets (2019 - 2020)

Fastest Growing Import Markets (2019 - 2020)

Kuwait Exports Services (2020): $7.41B

Kuwait Imports Services (2020): $18B

In 2020, Kuwait exported $7.41B worth of services. The top services exported by Kuwait in 2020 were Telecommunications services ($4.27B), Personal travel ($730M), Insurance services ($614M), Other government services ($555M), and Sea transport ($487M).

The top services imported by Kuwait in 2020 were Personal travel ($5.74B), Construction in the compiling economy ($3.53B), Other transport ($3.33B), Other government services ($1.85B), and Miscellaneous business, professional, and technical services ($1.56B).

Economic Complexity

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Most Specialized Products by RCA Index

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Kuwait has a high level of specialization in Sulfonated, Nitrated or Nitrosated Hydrocarbons (150), Crude Petroleum (17.4), Acyclic Alcohols (10.2), Cyclic Hydrocarbons (9.71), and Other Clocks (7.14). Specialization is measured using RCA, an index that takes the ratio between Kuwait observed and expected exports in each product.

Most Complex Products by PCI

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The highest complexity exports of Kuwait according to the product complexity index (PCI) are Other Clocks (0.75), Unpackaged Medicaments (0.66), Cyclic Hydrocarbons (0.6), Planes, Helicopters, and/or Spacecraft (0.54), and Glass Fibers (0.53). PCI measures the knowledge intensity of a product by considering the knowledge intensity of its exporters.

Export Opportunities by Relatedness

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The top export opportunities for Kuwait according to the relatedness index, are Ammonia (0.057), Nitrogenous Fertilizers (0.056), Raw Aluminium (0.056), Iron Reductions (0.054), and Scrap Iron (0.05). Relatedness measures the distance between a country's current exports and each product. The barchart show only products that Kuwait is not specialized in.

The product space is a network connecting products that are likely to be co-exported. The product space can be used to predict future exports, since countries are more likely to start exporting products that are related to current exports. Relatedness measures the distance between a product, and all of the products a country currently specializes in.

Relatedness Space

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This network shows the products most related to the production structure of Kuwait. These are products that tend to be co-exported with the products that Kuwait exports. Higher relatedness values ​​indicate greater knowledge, which predicts a greater probability of exporting that product in the future.

Diversification Frontier

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The Complexity-Relatedness diagram compares the risk vs strategic value of a country's potential export oppotunities. Relatedness is predictive of the probability that a country increases its exports in a product. Complexity, is associated with higher levels of income, economic growth, less income inequality, and lower greenhouse emissions.

Economic Complexity Ranking

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During the last 20 years Kuwait's⁩ ⁨economy has become relatively more complex, moving from the ⁩⁨63rd to the 56th⁩ position in the ECI rank.

These economic complexity rankings use 6 digit exports classified according to the HS96 classification. We consider only countries with population of at least 1 million and exports of at least $1 billion, and products with world trade over $500 million. To explore different rankings and vary these parameters visit the custom rankings section.

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